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Keywords:

  • adult;
  • breast neoplasms/prevention and control;
  • breast neoplasms/radiography;
  • female;
  • human;
  • mammography/adverse effects;
  • mammography/psychology;
  • mass screening;
  • pain/etiology

Summary

Pain experienced during mammography can deter women from attending for breast cancer screening. Review of the current literature on pain experienced during mammography reveals three main areas of interest: reports of the frequency of pain, identification of predictors of pain and strategies for responding to pain. Implications of this literature for breast screening programmes include the need for appropriate measurements of pain during mammography that are valid for screening populations, a further understanding of organizational factors involved in screening programmes that may be predictors of pain and for the development of valid strategies for responding to pain within breast screening programmes.