Measuring the number of co-dominants in ecological communities

Authors


*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. Email: zaal@nature.s.chiba-u.ac.jp

Abstract

We suggest a concept that allows the objective determination of the number of co-dominants in a community. We define co-dominants as a subset of species that are more abundant and more uniformly distributed than other species in a given sample. We compare the sample with a model community and use Simpson’s diversity index to estimate the apparent number of co-dominants. Dominant species determined in this way are responsible for 70–90% of the total measure of abundance in the sample. The statistical significance of the apparent number of co-dominants may be assessed by a randomization test.

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