This article was previously published in Nursing History Review 1999; 7: 97–112, a publication of the American Association for the History of Nursing. ©Springer Publishing Company.
Vivian Bullwinkel: Sole survivor of the 1942 massacre of Australian nurses
Article first published online: 9 OCT 2008
International Journal of Nursing Practice
Volume 6, Issue 6, pages 345–353, December 2000
How to Cite
M Norman, E. and Angell, D. (2000), Vivian Bullwinkel: Sole survivor of the 1942 massacre of Australian nurses. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 6: 345–353. doi: 10.1046/j.1440-172x.2000.00265.x
- Issue published online: 9 OCT 2008
- Article first published online: 9 OCT 2008
- Australian war nurses;
- history of nursing;
- massacre of nurses;
- military nurses;
- Vivian Bullwinkel
This article describes the series of tragedies 65 Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS) women suffered during the fall of Singapore in February 1942, until their rescue from a prisoner-of-war camp in September 1945. The story unfolds through the experiences of one nurse, Sister Vivian Bullwinkel, who was the sole survivor of the massacre of a number of these women on Bangka Island; the article examines her immediate and enduring reaction to this incident.