This study used data collected in Chung-Hsing Village to evaluate the relationship between hyperuricaemia and cardiovascular risk factors in Taiwanese middle-aged adults in May 1998. All of the government employees working at the Taiwan Provincial Government in Chung-Hsing Village aged 40–64 years were candidates for this study. Only 708 volunteers underwent blood tests. To study the significant related factors of hyperuricaemia, the t-test, χ2 analysis and multivariate logistic regression were used. The results showed that the significant related factors of hyperuricaemia are sex, obesity, hypertriglyceridaemia and renal function impairment. Hyperuricaemia is more common in middle-aged men than in middle-aged women. It is important to determine serum uric acid values if obesity, hypertriglyceridaemia or renal function impairment are apparent.