Carcinoma of the gall-bladder


E Kyriacou 3 South Villas, Camden Square, Camden, London NW1 9BS, United Kingdom.


Carcinoma of the gall-bladder remains the fifth commonest gastrointestinal malignancy. Its associations, predisposing factors and epidemiology worldwide are reviewed in this article. The clinical presentation of carcinoma of the gall-bladder is frequently late, which accounts for the poor prognosis: this is also discussed. The use of relevant imaging techniques and aggressive management offer an improved outlook. These important aspects and others, such as the use of frozen section histology, the risks of trocar seeding and inadequate resection are mentioned.