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Choice of formula and human milk supplement for preterm infants in Australia


  • K Simmer, PhD, FRCPCH, FRACP, Senior Staff Specialist

Correspondence: Assoc. Prof.KSimmer Senior Staff Specialist in Neonatology, Centre for Perinatal Medicine, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, South Australia 5042, Australia. Fax: (08) 8204 3143; email:


Abstract: Human milk (HM) is considered to be the optimal feed of choice for neonates, however, for preterm infants, HM fortifiers are often added to increase growth. If HM is unavailable, preterm formula is the next best option for preterm infants. Choosing which fortifier, if any, to use or which formula can be confusing. In this paper, the composition of milk feeds available in Australia and New Zealand is reviewed with the aim of assisting paediatricians to decide which feed is most appropriate for their patients.