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Keywords:

  • epidemiology;
  • lifestyle;
  • sleep disorders;
  • stress.

To clarify the effects of daily stress, habitual exercise, drinking and smoking on the prevalence of sleep disorders, we selected 4000 residents (≥ 20 years) in Japan by stratified random sampling and carried out structured interviews (response rate 75.8%). Frequencies of sleep disorders (difficulty initiating sleep: DIS; difficulty maintaining sleep: DMS; early morning awakening and hypnotic medication use) were treated as dependent variables. Significant effects of stress were prevalent in all sleep disorders. Habitual exercise had significant negative association with DIS and DMS. Drinking and smoking did not affect sleep disorders.