Glutamate dysfunction has been hypothesized to be involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The human homolog of Drosophila discs large protein (hDLG) and post-synaptic density-95-associated protein-1 (DAP-1) is one of the major proteins that are involved in intracellular signal transduction via N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors. In the present study 33 Japanese patients with schizophrenia were screened for mutations in the DAP-1 gene. A single nucleotide polymorphism was identified in the DAP-1 gene (1618A/G). A case–control study using a larger sample of unrelated patients and controls did not reveal a significant association between this polymorphism and schizophrenia. The results do not provide evidence that the DAP-1 gene is involved in vulnerability to schizophrenia.