SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Mino Y, Kodera R., Bebbington P. A comparative study of psychiatric services in Japan and England. Br. J. Psychiatry 1990; 157: 416420.
  • 2
    Fenton WS, Mosher LR, Herrell JM, Blyler CR. Randomized trial of general hospital and residential alternative care for patients with severe and persistent mental illness. Am. J. Psychiatry 1998; 155: 516522.
  • 3
    Knapp M, Marks I, Wolstenholme J et al. Home-based versus hospital-based care for serious mental illness. Br. J. Psychiatry 1998; 172: 506512.
  • 4
    Clarkson P, McCrone P, Sutherby K, Johnson C, Johnson S, Thornicroft G. Outcomes and costs of a community support worker service for the severely mentally ill. Acta Psychiatr. Scand. 1999; 99: 196206.
  • 5
    Henderson C, Phelan M, Loftus L, Dall’Agnola R, Ruggeri M. Comparison of patient satisfaction with community-based vs. hospital psychiatric services. Acta Psychiatr. Scand. 1999; 99: 188195.
  • 6
    Taylor RE, Leese M, Clarkson P, Holloway P, Thornicroft G. Quality of life outcomes for intensive versus standard community mental health services. PRiSM psychosis study 9. Br. J. Psychiatry 1998; 173: 416422.
  • 7
    Weiden P, Glazer W. Assessment and treatment selection for ‘revolving door’ inpatients with schizophrenia. Psychiatr. Q 1997; 68: 377392.
  • 8
    Salokangas RKR. Living situation, social network and outcome in schizophrenia: a five-year prospective follow-up study. Acta Psychiatr. Scand. 1997; 96: 459468.
  • 9
    Ohara H, Mimura K, Suzuki J, Nagamatsu K, Nagamatsu I, Osaka T. A follow-up study of schizophrenia (Report 1). Characteristics of the patients and social factors influenced on readmission of schizophrenics. Nippon Koshu Eisei Zassi (Jpn J. Public Health) 1981; 28: 522532 (in Japanese).
  • 10
    Masaki N, Fujita T, Kai S et al. Readmission among discharged psychiatric patients and its correlates. Nippon Koshu Eisei Zassi (Jpn J. Public Health) 1997; 44: 372383 (in Japanese).
  • 11
    Nuechterlein KH, Dawson ME. A heuristic vulnerability/stress model of schizophrenic episodes. Schizophr. Bull. 1989; 10: 300312.
  • 12
    American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edn. American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC, 1994.
  • 13
    Kemp R, Hayward P, Applewhaite G, Everitt B, David A. Compliance therapy in psychotic patients: randomized controlled trial. BMJ 1996; 312: 345349.
  • 14
    American Psychiatric Association. Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with schizophrenia. Am. J Psychiatry 1997; 154 (Suppl.).
  • 15
    Guy W. CGI. Clinical Global Impressions. In: Guy W (ed.) ECDEU Assessment Manual for Psychopharmacology. National Institute of Mental Health, Rockville, MD, 1976; 218222.
  • 16
    Ciompi L. The natural history of schizophrenia in the long term. Br. J. Psychiatry 1980; 136: 413420.
  • 17
    Huber G. The heterogeneous course of schizophrenia. Schizophr. Res. 1997; 28: 177185.
  • 18
    Higuchi M, Hayashi N. A study of the readmission of schizophrenic patients after long-term hospitalization. Seisin Igaku 1996; 38: 245251 (in Japanese).
  • 19
    Ohmori T, Ito K, Abekawa T, Koyama T. Psychotic relapse and maintenance therapy in paranoid schizophrenia: a 15 year follow up. Eur. Arch. Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci. 1999; 249: 7378.
  • 20
    Masuno H. A study on relapse of schiaophrenia. Seisin Igaku 1976; 18: 11471154 (in Japanese).
  • 21
    Burns T, Teadsmoore A, Bhat AV, Oliver A, Mathers C. A controlled trial of home-based acute psychiatric services. I. clinical and social outcome. Br. J. Psychiatry 1993; 163: 4554.
  • 22
    Tyrer P, Morgan J, Van Horn E et al. A randomised controlled study of close monitoring of vulnerable psychiatric patients. Lancet 1995; 345: 756759.
  • 23
    Johnstone EC, Crow TJ, Johnson A, MacMillan JF. The Northwich Park Study of first episode, schizophrenia. I. Presentation of the illness and problems relating to admission. Br. J. Psychiatry 1986; 148: 115120.
  • 24
    Loebel AD, Lieberman JA, Alvir JMN. Duration of psychosis and outcome in first episode schizophrenia. Am. J. Psychiatry 1992; 149: 11831188.
  • 25
    Birchwood M, McGorry P, Jackson H. Early intervention in schizophrenia. Br. J. Psychiatry 1997; 170: 25.
  • 26
    Sullivan G, Wells KB, Morgenstern H, Leake B. Identifying modifiable risk factors for rehospitalization: a case-control study of seriously mentally ill persons in Mississippi. Am. J. Psychiatry 1995; 152: 17491756.
  • 27
    Corrigan PW, Liberman RP, Engel JD. From noncompliance to collaboration in the treatment of schizophrenia. Hosp. Community Psychiatry 1990; 190: 12031211.
  • 28
    Kelly GR, Mamon JA, Scott JE. Utility of the health belief model in examining medication compliance among psychiatric outpatients. Soc. Sci. Med. 1987; 11: 12051211.
  • 29
    Hirsch S, Bowen J, Emami J et al. A one year prospective study of the effect of life events and medication in the aetiology of schizophrenic relapse. Br. J. Psychiatry 1996; 168: 4956.
  • 30
    Tanaka S, Mino Y, Inoue S. Expressed emotion and the course of schizophrenia in Japan. Br. J. Psychiatry 1995; 167: 794798.