SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Partinen M. Epidemiology of sleep disorders. In: Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine. KrygerMH, RothT, DementW (eds). WB Saunders, Philedelphia, PA, 1994; 437457.
  • 2
    Agargun MY, Çilli AS, Kara H, Tarhan N, Kincir F, Öz H. Repetitive and frightening dreams and suicidal behavior in patients with major depression. Compr. Psychiatry 1998; 39: 98202.
  • 3
    Hartmann E, Russ D, Oldfield M, Sivan I, Cooper S. Who has nightmares? The personality of the lifelong nightmare sufferer. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 1987; 44: 4956.
  • 4
    Levin R. Nightmares and schizotpy. Psychiatry 1998; 61: 206216.
  • 5
    Nielsen TA, Oulelet L, Warnes H, Cartier A, Malo JL, Montplaisir J. Alexithymia and impoverishmed dream recall in astmatic patients: evidence from self-report measures. J. Psychosom. Res. 1997; 42: 5359.
  • 6
    Hershon HI. Alcohol withdrawal symptoms and drinking behavior. J. Stud. Alcohol 1977; 38: 953971.
  • 7
    Kaminer H, Lavie P. Sleep and dreaming in Holocaust survivors. J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. 1991; 179: 664669.
  • 8
    Agargün MY, Kara H, Özer ÖA et al. Nightmares and dissociative experiences. The key role of childhood traumatic events. Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci. 2003; 57: 139145.
  • 9
    Steinberg M, Rounsaville B, Cicchetti DV. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R Dissociative Disorders: preliminary report on a new diagnostic instrument. Am. J. Psychiatry 1990; 147: 7682.
  • 10
    American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edn. American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC, 1994.
  • 11
    Wise LA, Zierler S, Krieger N, Harlow BL. Adult onset of major depressive disorder in relation to early life violent victimisation: a case-control study. Lancet 2001; 358: 881887.
  • 12
    Bernstein EM, Putnam FW. Development, reliability, and validity, of a dissociation scale. J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. 1986; 174: 727735.
  • 13
    Yargiç LI, Tutkun H, Sar V. The  reliability  and  validity of The Turkish version of the Dissociative Experiences Scale. Dissociation 1995; 8: 1013.
  • 14
    Beck AT, Ward CH, Mendelson M, Mock J, Erbaugh J. An inventory for measuring depression. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 1961; 4: 561571.
  • 15
    Agargun MY, Kara H, Bilici M et al. The Van Dream Anxiety Scale: a subjective measure of dream anxiety in nightmare sufferers. Sleep Hypnosis 1999; 4: 204211.
  • 16
    Barrett D. Dreams in dissociative disorders. Dreaming 1994; 4: 165175.
  • 17
    Cartwright R, Newell P, Mercer P. Dream incorporation of a sentinel life event and its relation to waking adaptation. Sleep Hypnosis 2001; 3: 2532.
  • 18
    Gabel S. Dreams as a possible reflection of a dissociated self-monitoring system. J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. 1989; 177: 560568.
  • 19
    Agargün MY, Kara H, Özer ÖA et al. Sleep-related violence, childhood traumatic events, and dissociative experiences. Sleep Hypnosis 2002; 4: 5257.
  • 20
    Coons PM, Milstein V. Self-mutilation associated with dissociative disorders. Dissociation 1990; 3: 8187.
  • 21
    Schenck CH, Milner DM, Hurwitz TD et al. Dissociative disorders presenting as somnambulism: polysomnographic, video and clinical documentation (8 cases). Dissociation 1989; 2: 194204.
  • 22
    Butler LD, Duran REF, Jasiukaitis P, Koopman C, Spiegel D. Hypnotizability and traumatic experience: a diathesis-stress model of dissociative symptomatology. Am. J. Psychiatry 1996; 153 (Suppl.): 4263.
  • 23
    Hartmann E. The nightmare is the most useful dream. Sleep Hypnosis 1999; 1: 199203.