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Keywords:

  • bone mineral density;
  • cerebral palsy

AbstractBackground: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the severity of and factors related to osteopenia in children with cerebral palsy (CP).

Methods: Bone mineral density (BMD), calcium (Ca), phosphate (P), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), creatinine, parathyroid hormone (PTH) and 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 (25OHD3) concentrations were determined in 24 children with CP (15 ambulant, nine non-ambulant), aged between 10 months and 12 years (mean (±SD) 4.1±2.9 years). These vaules were compared with data obtained from a control group.

Results: Adjusted mean BMD values were lower in the patient group than in controls (P<0.05). However, there was no difference between BMD values of ambulant and non-ambulant patients. The Ca and P levels of the patient group were significantly higher than those of controls (P<0.05).

Conclusions: The present study showed that BMD was decreased in all children with CP, but to a greater extent in non-ambulant children with CP, and immobilization is the major effective factor on bone mineralization.