*Present address: Pediatric Neurology, Ondokuz Mayıs University Faculty of Medicine, Samsun, Turkey.
Bone mineral density in children with cerebral palsy
Article first published online: 23 DEC 2001
Volume 43, Issue 2, pages 157–160, April 2001
How to Cite
Tasdemir, H. A., Buyukavci, M., Akcay, F., Polat, P., Yildiran, A. and Karakelleoglu, C. (2001), Bone mineral density in children with cerebral palsy. Pediatrics International, 43: 157–160. doi: 10.1046/j.1442-200x.2001.01352.x
- Issue published online: 23 DEC 2001
- Article first published online: 23 DEC 2001
- bone mineral density;
- cerebral palsy
AbstractBackground: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the severity of and factors related to osteopenia in children with cerebral palsy (CP).
Methods: Bone mineral density (BMD), calcium (Ca), phosphate (P), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), creatinine, parathyroid hormone (PTH) and 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 (25OHD3) concentrations were determined in 24 children with CP (15 ambulant, nine non-ambulant), aged between 10 months and 12 years (mean (±SD) 4.1±2.9 years). These vaules were compared with data obtained from a control group.
Results: Adjusted mean BMD values were lower in the patient group than in controls (P<0.05). However, there was no difference between BMD values of ambulant and non-ambulant patients. The Ca and P levels of the patient group were significantly higher than those of controls (P<0.05).
Conclusions: The present study showed that BMD was decreased in all children with CP, but to a greater extent in non-ambulant children with CP, and immobilization is the major effective factor on bone mineralization.