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Keywords:

  • bladder;
  • leukoplakia;
  • renal pelvis;
  • ureter

Abstract

We are presenting a case of leukoplakia spread to the bilateral renal pelvis, ureter and bladder in a 52-year-old woman. We believe this case is important because it involves leukoplakia that is more extensive than in any cases previously cited in the literature. No other possible etiologic cause except a heavy smoking habit was defined. Conservative follow-up was preferred to aggressive surgery.