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Golf-related ocular injuries


Dr Thiran Jayasundera, Department of Ophthalmology, Auckland Public Hospital, Private Bag 92024, Auckland, New Zealand. Email:


Purpose: To examine patient outcomes from golf-related ocular injuries.

Methods: A retrospective case review was undertaken of subjects with golf-related ocular injuries treated at the Auckland and Waikato Hospitals during the 5-year period from 1997 to 2002.

Results: Of 11 injuries treated in the 5-year period, five of the subjects incurred globe rupture with two subjects requiring enucleation. Seven of the injuries were from golf balls and four injuries were from golf clubs. Six of the subjects had a final visual acuity of 6/48 or worse.

Conclusion: Golfing injuries, though uncommon, are frequently associated with severe ocular trauma and poor visual outcome. Although unpredictable and difficult to avoid, proper golf etiquette and safety may diminish the incidence of golf-related ocular injures. Injuries caused by golf clubs occurred only in children.

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