Get access

Functional capacity in elderly Japanese living in the community


Hiroshi Shibata, MD, Department of Psychology, Health, and Sports Science, College of Humanities, Obirin University, 3758 Tokiwa-machi, Machida-shi, Tokyo 194-0294, Japan. Email:


The present addresses concepts, definitions, and measurements of functional capacity. Further, distributions of functional capacity are assessed by such various indices as activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental ADL (IADL), the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology (TMIG) Index of Competence, and active life expectancy in the Japanese elderly. Further, predictors of functional status are demonstrated, and the impact of functional decline on quality of life is investigated in elderly Japanese living in the community.