The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the voltage-dependent inhibition of calcium currents by serotonin 5-HT1A agonists can be alleviated (facilitated) by action potential-like depolarizations. In dissociated cholinergic basal forebrain neurons using whole-cell recordings, it is shown that a selective serotonin 5-HT1A agonist (8-OH-DPAT) predominantly blocks N-type HVA calcium current, although a minor reduction of P-type current was also observed. The inhibition may principally occur through Gi-Go subtypes of G-proteins because it was prevented by N-ethylmaleimide, a substance known to block specifically pertussis-sensitive G-proteins. The inhibitory effect of 8-OH-DPAT on calcium currents is voltage-dependent because it was alleviated by long-lasting depolarizing prepulses. Interestingly, the inhibition could also be reversed by prepulses made-up of action potential-like depolarizations that were given at a frequency of 200 Hz. This observation may have important implications during periods of high-frequency rhythmic bursts, a firing pattern that is prevalent in cholinergic basal forebrain neurons.