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Mint2/X11-like colocalizes with the Alzheimer's disease amyloid precursor protein and is associated with neuritic plaques in Alzheimer's disease

Authors

  • Declan M. McLoughlin,

    1. Department of Neuroscience, The Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
    2. Section of Old Age Psychiatry, The Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
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  • Nicholas G. Irving,

    1. Department of Neuroscience, The Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
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  • Janet Brownlees,

    1. Department of Neuroscience, The Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
    2. Department of Clinical Neurosciences, The Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
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  • Jean-Pierre Brion,

    1. Universite Libre De Bruxelles, Campus Erasme Bldg C-10, Laboratoire D'Anatomie et de Microscopie Electronique, 808 Route De Lennik, B-1070, Bruxelles, Belgium
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  • Karelle Leroy,

    1. Universite Libre De Bruxelles, Campus Erasme Bldg C-10, Laboratoire D'Anatomie et de Microscopie Electronique, 808 Route De Lennik, B-1070, Bruxelles, Belgium
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  • Christopher C. J. Miller

    1. Department of Neuroscience, The Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
    2. Department of Clinical Neurosciences, The Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK
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: C.C.J. Miller, Department of Neuroscience, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, UK.
E-mail: chris.miller@iop.bpmf.ac.uk

Abstract

Aberrant metabolism of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) is believed to be at least part of the pathogenic process in Alzheimer's disease. The carboxy-terminus of APP has been shown to interact with the Mint/X11 family of phosphotyrosine binding (PTB) domain-bearing proteins. It is via their PTB domains that the Mints/X11s bind to APP. Here we report the cloning of full-length mouse Mint2 and demonstrate that in primary cortical neurons, Mint2 and APP share highly similar distributions. Mint2 also colocalizes with APP in transfected CHO cells. In Mint2/APP-cotransfected cells, Mint2 reorganizes the subcellular distribution of APP and also increases the steady-state levels of APP. Finally, we demonstrate that Mint2 is associated with the neuritic plaques found in Alzheimer's disease but not with neurofibrillary tangles. These results are consistent with a role for Mint2 in APP metabolism and trafficking, and suggest a possible role for the Mints/X11s in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease.

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