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Stimulation of adenosine A1 receptors attenuates dopamine D1 receptor-mediated increase of NGFI-A, c-fos and jun-B mRNA levels in the dopamine-denervated striatum and dopamine D1 receptor-mediated turning behaviour


: Dr S. Ferré, Department of Neurochemistry, I.I.B.B., C.S.I.C., 08036 Barcelona, Spain.


Adenosine A1 receptors antagonistically and specifically modulate the binding and functional characteristics of dopamine D1 receptors. In the striatum this interaction seems to take place in the GABAergic strionigro-strioentopeduncular neurons, where both receptors are colocalized. D1 receptors in the strionigro-strioentopeduncular neurons are involved in the increased striatal expression of immediate-early genes induced by the systemic administration of psychostimulants and D1 receptor agonists. Previous results suggest that a basal expression of the immediate-early gene c-fos tonically facilitates the functioning of strionigro-strioentopeduncular neurons and facilitates D1 receptor-mediated motor activation. The role of A1 receptors in the modulation of the expression of striatal D1 receptor-regulated immediate-early genes and the D1 receptor-mediated motor activation was investigated in rats with a unilateral lesion of the ascending dopaminergic pathways. The systemic administration of the A1 agonist N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA, 0.1 mg/kg) significantly decreased the number of contralateral turns induced by the D1 agonist SKF 38393 (3 mg/kg). Higher doses of CPA (0.5 mg/kg) were necessary to inhibit the turning behaviour induced by the D2 agonist quinpirole (0.1 mg/kg). By using in situ hybridization it was found that CPA (0.1 mg/kg) significantly inhibited the SKF 38393-induced increase in the expression of NGFI-A and c-fos mRNA levels in the dopamine-denervated striatum. The increase in jun-B mRNA expression could only be inhibited with the high dose of CPA (0.5 mg/kg). A stronger effect of the A1 agonist was found in the ventral striatum (nucleus accumbens) compared with the dorsal striatum (dorsolateral caudate-putamen). The results indicate the existence of antagonistic A1–D1 receptor–receptor interactions in the dopamine-denervated striatum controlling D1 receptor transduction at supersensitive D1 receptors.