Get access

PACAP and NGF regulate common and distinct traits of the sympathoadrenal lineage: effects on electrical properties, gene markers and transcription factors in differentiating PC12 cells

Authors

  • Luca Grumolato,

    1. European Institute for Peptide Research (IFRMP 23), Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Neuroendocrinology, INSERM U413, UA CNRS, University of Rouen, 76821 Mont-Saint-Aignan, France
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Estelle Louiset,

    1. European Institute for Peptide Research (IFRMP 23), Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Neuroendocrinology, INSERM U413, UA CNRS, University of Rouen, 76821 Mont-Saint-Aignan, France
    Search for more papers by this author
  • David Alexandre,

    1. European Institute for Peptide Research (IFRMP 23), Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Neuroendocrinology, INSERM U413, UA CNRS, University of Rouen, 76821 Mont-Saint-Aignan, France
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Djida Aït-Ali,

    1. European Institute for Peptide Research (IFRMP 23), Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Neuroendocrinology, INSERM U413, UA CNRS, University of Rouen, 76821 Mont-Saint-Aignan, France
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Valérie Turquier,

    1. European Institute for Peptide Research (IFRMP 23), Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Neuroendocrinology, INSERM U413, UA CNRS, University of Rouen, 76821 Mont-Saint-Aignan, France
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Alain Fournier,

    1. INRS/Institut Armand Frappier, University of Quebec, Montréal, Canada
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Aldo Fasolo,

    1. Department of Animal and Human Biology, University of Turin, 10123 Turin, Italy
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Hubert Vaudry,

    1. European Institute for Peptide Research (IFRMP 23), Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Neuroendocrinology, INSERM U413, UA CNRS, University of Rouen, 76821 Mont-Saint-Aignan, France
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Youssef Anouar

    1. European Institute for Peptide Research (IFRMP 23), Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Neuroendocrinology, INSERM U413, UA CNRS, University of Rouen, 76821 Mont-Saint-Aignan, France
    Search for more papers by this author

: Dr Hubert Vaudry, as above.
Email: hubert.vaudry@univ-rouen.fr

Abstract

To determine the possible role of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) in the development of the sympathoadrenal cell lineage, we have examined the effects of this neurotrophic peptide, in comparison to nerve growth factor (NGF), on the morphology, electrophysiological properties, expression of neuronal and neuroendocrine marker genes, and activity of transcription factors during differentiation of sympathoadrenal-derived cells, using the rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cell model. Both PACAP and NGF elicited rapid neurite outgrowth, which was accompanied by induction of cell excitability and the development of both sodium and calcium currents. Concurrently, PACAP and NGF increased the expression of a marker of synaptic vesicles. By contrast, PACAP, but not NGF, regulated the expression of different constituents of neuroendocrine large dense core vesicles in PC12 cells. Furthermore, PACAP and NGF differentially regulated the expression of mammalian achaete-scute homologue and paired homeobox 2b genes, transcription factors instrumental for sympathoadrenal development. To compare downstream effectors activated by PACAP and NGF, we studied the effects of these factors on the binding activity of consensus 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate- and cAMP-responsive elements to nuclear extracts of differentiating PC12 cells. We found that both PACAP and NGF markedly increase the binding activity of these cis-regulatory sequences and that PACAP preferentially recruits activator protein-1-like transcription factors to these elements. Taken together, these results show that PACAP and NGF exert common as well as different effects on neuronal and neuroendocrine traits in differentiating PC12 cells, strongly suggesting that these two trophic factors could play complementary roles in the development of the sympathoadrenal cell lineage.

Ancillary