Activation of peripheral cannabinoid CB1 receptors inhibits mechanically evoked responses of spinal neurons in noninflamed rats and rats with hindpaw inflammation

Authors


: Dr Victoria Chapman, as above.
E-mail: victoria.chapman@nottingham.ac.uk

Abstract

The presence of cannabinoid1 (CB1) receptors on primary afferent fibres may provide a novel target for cannabinoid analgesics. The present study investigated the ability of peripheral CB1 receptors to modulate innocuous and noxious transmission in noninflamed rats and rats with peripheral carrageenan inflammation. Effects of peripheral injection of arachidonyl-2-choroethylamide (ACEA; 10 and 30 µg in 50 µL), a selective CB1 receptor agonist, on mechanically evoked responses of dorsal horn neurons were studied in noninflamed rats and rats with peripheral carrageenan inflammation. Peripheral injection of ACEA (30 µg in 50 µL) significantly inhibited innocuous (12 g) mechanically evoked responses of spinal neurons in noninflamed (27 ± 4% of control; P < 0.01) and inflamed (12 ± 8% of control; P < 0.05) rats. Similarly, noxious (80 g) mechanically evoked responses of spinal neurons were inhibited by peripheral injection of ACEA (30 µg in 50 µL) in noninflamed rats (51 ± 9% of control; P < 0.01) and rats with peripheral carrageenan inflammation (21 ± 8% of control; P < 0.01). Inhibitory effects of ACEA were significantly greater in rats with peripheral carrageenan inflammation than in noninflamed rats (P < 0.05). Inhibitory effects of ACEA were significantly blocked by coadministration of the CB1 receptor antagonist SR141716A in both groups of rats. Peripheral injection of SR141716A alone did not alter mechanically evoked responses of spinal neurons in either group of rats. These data demonstrate that activation of peripheral CB1 receptors can inhibit innocuous and noxious somatosensory processing. Furthermore, following peripheral inflammation there is an enhanced inhibitory effect of a peripherally administered CB1 receptor agonist on both innocuous and noxious mechanically evoked responses of spinal neurons.

Ancillary