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Cardiac Resynchronization and Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Therapy: Preliminary Results from the InSync Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Italian Registry


Address for reprints: Maurizio Gasparini, M.D., Istituto Clinico Humanitas, Via Manzoni, 56-20089 Rozzano, Milano, Italy. Fax: 0039-2-8224-4691; e-mail:


GASPARINI, M., et al.: Cardiac Resynchronization and Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Therapy: Preliminary Results From the InSync Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Italian Registry. The aim of this study was to evaluate ventricular arrhythmias occurring in recipients of the InSync ICD for the primary and secondary prevention of sudden death. The InSync ICD was implanted in 142 patients (128 men; mean age65 ± 10years) with heart failure (mean NYHA functional Class3.0 ± 0.7) and wide QRS (mean159 ± 33ms). The underlying etiology was ischemic in 55%, idiopathic in 33%, and valvular or hypertensive cardiomyopathy in 12% of patients. The numbers of arrhythmic episodes/100 patient-months was computed with their 95% CI, assuming a Poisson distribution. Implants were performed in 48 (34%) patients who did not have an ACC/AHA guidelines Class I indication for ICD therapy. A total of 104 patients were compliant for follow-up visits. During a 9-month median (range 0.1–24) follow-up of 104 compliant patients, 19 experienced a total of 94 ventricular arrhythmias, all successfully interrupted or selfterminated, with a median number of two separate episodes, corresponding to a rate of 10 episodes/100 person-month (95% CI 8–12). A rate of 12 episodes/100 person-months (95% CI 10–15) was measured in the subgroup of patients with ACC/AHA class I indications, versus two episodes/100 person-months (95% CI 1–5) in the remainder of the population. Among 12 deaths, 9 were due to heart failure, 1 to a noncardiovascular cause, and 2 to unknown causes. The implantation of ICD in heart failure patients has been prominently extended to primary prevention. Patients without standard ICD indications experienced life-threatening arrhythmic events. The impact of ICD combined with cardiac resynchronization therapy on arrhythmic profile, mortality, and costs in this subgroup of patients need to be more precisely studied, with a particular focus on the various types of underlying heart disease. (PACE 2003; 26:[Pt. II]:148–151)

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