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Keywords:

  • ventricular tachycardia;
  • myocardial infarction;
  • electroanatomical mapping;
  • catheter ablation

KAUTZER, J., et al.: Catheter Ablation of Ventricular Tachycardia Following Myocardial Infarction Using Three-Dimensional Electroanatomical Mapping.One challenge encountered during catheter ablation of postinfarction ventricular tachycardia (VT) is the inducibility of multiple VT morphologies associated with variable hemodynamic instability. The clinical usefulness and safety of a three-dimensional electroanatomical mapping in guiding radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of VT, used in parallel with a multichannel recording system, was studied in 28 men (mean age =63.8 ± 10.6 years, mean left ventricular ejectionfraction = 28%± 9%). Three-dimensional voltage maps of the left ventricle were obtained in sinus rhythm with annotation of areas of fractionated or late potentials, zones of slow conduction and/or dense scar with no pacing capture at 10 mA. RF lesions were created either in sinus rhythm or during hemodynamically stable VT within reconstructed critical zones of the circuit. A total of 82 VTs were induced(mean = 2.9 ± 1.0/patient). Hemodynamically unstable clinical VTs were induced in 5 patients, and clinical or nonclinical unstable VT in 14. Clinical VT was rendered noninducible in 24/28 (85.7%) patients, and monomorphic VT was eliminated in 16/28 (57.1%) patients. The mean procedural time was258 ± 82minutes, and fluoroscopic exposure13.5 ± 8.8 minutes. During a mean follow-up period of10.6 ± 6.4 months, catheter ablation was repeated in 6 patients for VT recurrences. No significant complications occurred except for a transient cerebral ischemic attack in one patient. In conclusion, electroanatomical mapping assisted the successful and safe catheter ablation of both mappable and nonmappable VTs in a significant proportion of patients after myocardial infarction. (PACE 2003; 26[Pt. II]:342–347)