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Keywords:

  • hypertrophic cardiomyopathy;
  • nonsustained ventricular tachycardia;
  • QT interval

BARANOWSKI, R., et al.: Analysis of the Corrected QT Before the Onset of Nonsustained Ventricular Tachycardia in Patients with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy.This study examined ventricular repolarization before the onset of 37 episodes of nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) in 26 untreated patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Fourteen episodes were recorded in patients with a history of cardiac arrest or patients who died suddenly during follow-up. The QT interval was measured beat-by-beat on 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiograms. Mean 24-hour, hourly QTc and QTc of the last 10 beats prior to NSVT, consisted of 4–50 cycles (mean9 ± 10), at the fastest rates of 100–175 beats/min (mean 122 ± 22) were analyzed. NSVT was more prevalent during nighttime (23 episodes), than during daytime (14 episodes,P < 0.05). No significant differences were observed between mean 24-hour, mean hourly QTc during the hour with NSVT, and QTc of the last 10 cycles prior to onset of NSVT. QTc was significantly longer in patients with a history of sudden cardiac death (SCD) or who died suddenly during follow-up than in survivors. The 24-hour QT variability was higher in nonsurvivors than in survivors (-39 ± 6vs33 ± 6 ms, P = 0.03). Episodes of NSVT in untreated patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy were more frequent during the nighttime. The 24-hour QT variability was higher in nonsurvivors than in survivors. (PACE 2003; 26[Pt. II]:387–389)