Epidural analgesia in children. A survey of current opinions and practices amongst UK paediatric anaesthetists
Article first published online: 17 NOV 2003
Volume 13, Issue 9, pages 769–776, November 2003
How to Cite
Williams, D.G. and Howard, R.F. (2003), Epidural analgesia in children. A survey of current opinions and practices amongst UK paediatric anaesthetists. Pediatric Anesthesia, 13: 769–776. doi: 10.1046/j.1460-9592.2003.01211.x
- Issue published online: 17 NOV 2003
- Article first published online: 17 NOV 2003
- Accepted 15 July 2003
- postal survey
Background Despite the widespread use of epidural analgesia in children its place in paediatric pain management has not been clearly established. In order to investigate the current practice of paediatric epidural analgesia in the UK paediatric anaesthetists and paediatric pain management teams were surveyed.
Methods Questionnaires were sent to the members of the Association of Paediatric Anaesthetists (APA) working within the UK and to lead clinicians and clinical nurse specialists for acute pain in the 26 designated major paediatric centres.
Results The response rate was 72%. There was little consensus regarding drugs and drug combinations used for epidural analgesia. A total of 36% of paediatric centres did not audit their epidural practice, and of those that did the reported incidences of side-effects showed wide variation. Important differences in practice were also identified in the areas of patient selection, informed consent, the use of epidural test doses, drug delivery systems, monitoring and the management of side-effects. Twelve per cent of specialist paediatric hospitals did not have an acute pain team and elsewhere the provision was often limited to staff with few or no specialist skills.
Conclusion There is wide variation in the practice of paediatric epidural analgesia in the UK. Inconsistencies are likely to be related to the poor evidence base available to guide clinical decision making and the lack of a specialized paediatric acute pain service in some centres. More research is required to determine the optimal management of epidural analgesia, and suitable clinical support for paediatric pain control should be more widely available.