SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Abrahamson, W.G. & Weis, A.E. (1997). Selection on the hierarchy of attack and defense. In: Evolutionary Ecology Across Three Trophic Levels: Goldenrods, Gallmakers and Natural Enemies (eds Abrahamson, W.G. & Weis, A.E.). Princeton University of Press, Princeton, NJ, pp. 339 383.
  • 2
    Anderson, R.M. & May, R.M. (1980). Infectious diseases and population cycles of forest insects. Science, 210, 658 661.
  • 3
    Anderson, R.M. & May, R.M. (1998). Infectious Diseases of Humans: Dynamics and Control. Oxford Science, Oxford.
  • 4
    Bakker, F.M. & Klein, M.E. (1992). Transtrophic interactions in cassava. Exp. Appl. Acarol., 14, 293 311.
  • 5
    Benrey, B. & Denno, R.F. (1997). The slow-growth-high-mortality hypothesis: a test using the cabbage butterfly. Ecology, 78, 987 999.
  • 6
    Bentley, B.L. (1977). Extrafloral nectaries and protection by pugnacious bodyguards. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst., 8, 407 427.
  • 7
    Berryman, A.A. (1996). What causes population cycles of forest Lepidoptera? TREE, 11, 28 32.
  • 8
    Bing, L.A. & Lewis, L.C. (1991). Suppression of Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) by endophytic Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) Vuillemin. Environ. Entomol., 20, 1207 1211.
  • 9
    Blakeman, J.P. & Fokkema, N.J. (1982). Potential for biological control of plant disease on the phylloplane. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol., 20, 167 192.
  • 10
    Bronstein, J.L. (1994). Conditional outcomes in mutualistic interactions. TREE, 9, 214 217.
  • 11
    Brooks, W.M. (1993). Host-parasitoid–pathogen interactions. In: Parasites and Pathogens of Insects, Vol. 2: Pathogens (eds Beckage, N.E., Thompson, S.N. & Federici, B.A.). Academic Press, San Diego, pp. 231 272.
  • 12
    Brown, G.C., Prochaska, G.L., Hildebrand, D.F., Nordin, G.L., Jackson, D.M. (1995). Green leaf volatiles inhibit conidial germination of the entomopathogen Pandora neoaphidis (Entomophthorales: Entomophthoraceae). Environ. Entomol., 24, 1637 1643.
  • 13
    Burrage, S.W. (1971). The micro-climate at the leaf surface. In: Ecology of Leaf-Surface Microorganisms (eds Preece, T.F. & Dickinson C.H.). Academic Press, London.
  • 14
    Cappuccino, N. (1988). Spatial patterns of goldenrod aphids and the response of enemies to patch density. Oecologia, 76, 607 610.
  • 15
    Carroll, G. (1988). Fungal endophytes in stems and leaves: from latent insect pathogen to mutualistic symbiont. Ecology, 69, 2 9.
  • 16
    Clancy, K.M. & Price, P.W. (1987). Rapid herbivore growth enhances enemy attack: sublethal plant defenses remain a paradox. Ecology, 68, 733 737.
  • 17
    Clay, K. (1988). Fungal endophytes of grasses: a defensive mutualism between plants and fungi. Ecology, 69, 10 16.
  • 18
    Cook, R.J. (1993). Making greater use of introduced microorganisms for biological control of plant pathogens. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol., 31, 53 80.
  • 19
    Cory, J.S., Hails, R.S, Sait, S.M. (1997). Baculovirus ecology. In: The Baculoviruses (ed. Miller, L.K.). Plenum Press, New York, pp. 301 339.
  • 20
    Costa, S.D. & Gaugler, R. (1989). Sensitivity of Beauveria bassiana to solanine and tomatine: plant defensive chemicals inhibit an insect pathogen. J. Chem. Ecol., 15, 697 706.
  • 21
    Dicke, M. & Sabelis, M.W. (1992). Costs and benefits of chemical information conveyance: proximate and ultimate factors. In: Insect Chemical Ecology, an Evolutionary Approach (eds Roitberg, B.D. & Isman, M.). Chapman & Hall, Hants, pp. 122 155.
  • 22
    Duffey, S.S., Hoover, K., Bonning, B, Hammock, B.D. (1995). The impact of host plant on the efficacy of baculoviruses. Rev. Pest. Toxicol., 3, 137 275.
  • 23
    Dulmage, H.T. & Aizawa, K. (1982). Distribution of Bacillus thuringiensis in nature. In: Microbial and Viral Pesticides (ed. Kurstak, E.). Marcel Dekker, New York, pp. 209 238.
  • 24
    Elad, Y., Malathrakis, N.E., Dik, A.J. (1996). Biological control of Botrytis-incited diseases and powdery mildews in greenhouse crops. Crop Protection, 15, 229 240.
  • 25
    Ferro, D.N. & Southwick, E.E. (1984). Microclimates of small arthropods: Estimating humidity within the leaf boundary layer. Environ. Entomol., 13, 926 929.
  • 26
    Fransen, J.J. & Van Lenteren, J.C. (1993). Host selection and survival of the parasitoid Encarsia formosa on greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum, in the presence of hosts infected with the fungus Aschersonia aleyrodis. Entomol. Exper. Appl., 69, 239 249.
  • 27
    Fuentes-Contreras, E., Pell, J.K., Niemeyer, H.M. (1998). Influence of plant resistance at the third trophic level: interactions between parasitoids and entomopathogenic fungi. Oecologia, 117, 426 432.
  • 28
    Furlong, M.J. & Pell, J.K. (1996). Interactions between the fungal entomopathogen Zoophthora radicans Brefeld (Entomophthorales) and two hymenopteran parasitoids attacking the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella L. J. Invertebr. Pathol., 68, 15 21.
  • 29
    Fuxa, J.R. & Geaghan, J.P. (1982). Multiple-regression analysis of factors affecting prevalence of nuclear polyhedrosis virus in Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) populations. Environ. Entomol., 12, 311 316.
  • 30
    Fuxa, J.R. & Tanada, Y. (1987). Epizootiology of Insect Diseases. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
  • 31
    Gopalakrishnan, B., Muthukrishnan, S., Kramer, K. (1995). Baculovirus-mediated expression of a Manduca sexta chitinase gene: Properties of the recombinant protein. Insect Biochem. Molec., 25, 255 265.
  • 32
    Hairston, N.G., Smith, F.E., Slobodkin, L.B. (1960). Community structure, population control, and competition. Am. Nat., 94, 421 425.
  • 33
    Hajek, A.E. (1997). Ecology of terrestrial fungal entomopathogens. Adv. Microbial. Ecology, 15, 193 249.
  • 34
    Hajek, A.E., Renwick, A.A, Roberts, D.W. (1995). Effects of larval host plant on the gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) fungal pathogen, Entomophaga maimaiga (Zygomycetes: Entomophthorales). Environ. Entomol., 24, 1307 1314.
  • 35
    Hare, J.D. & Andreadis, T.G. (1983). Variation in the susceptibility of Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) when reared on different host plants to the fungal pathogen, Beauveria bassiana, in the field and laboratory. Environ. Entomol., 12, 1892 1897.
  • 36
    Hawkins, B.A., Cornell, H.V., Hochberg, M.E. (1997). Predators, parasitoids, and pathogens as mortality agents in phytophagous insect populations. Ecology, 78, 2145 2152.
  • 37
    Hochberg, M.E. (1991). Extra–host interactions between a braconid endoparasitoid, Aponteles glomeratus, and a baculovirus from larvae of Pieris brassicae. J. Anim. Ecol., 60, 65 77.
  • 38
    Hoover, K., Alaniz, S.A., Yee, J.L., Rocke, D.M., Hammock, B.D., Duffey, S.S. (1998). Dietary protein and chlorogenic acid effect on baculoviral disease of noctuid (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae. Environ. Entomol., 27, 1264 1272.
  • 39
    Hoy, C.W., Head, G.P., Hall, F.R. (1998). Spatial heterogeneity and insect adaptation to toxins. Annu. Rev. Entomol., 43, 571 594.
  • 40
    Ignoffo, C.M., Garcia, C., Hostetter, D.L., Pinnell, R.E. (1977). Laboratory studies of the entomopathogenic fungus Nomuraea rileyi: soil-born contamination of soybean seedlings and dispersal of diseased larvae of Trichoplusia ni. J. Invertebr. Pathol., 29, 147 152.
  • 41
    Inyang, E.N, Butt, T.M., Ibrahim, L., Clark, S.J., Pye, B.J., Beckett, A., Archer, S. (1998). The effect of plant growth and topography on the acquisition of conidia of the insect pathogen Metarhizium anisopliae by larvae of Phaedon cochleariae. Mycol. Res., 102, 1365 1374.
  • 42
    Janssen, A, Pallini, A., Venzon, M., Sabelis, M.W. (1998). Behaviour and indirect interactions in food webs of plant-inhabiting arthropods. Exp. Appl. Acarol., 22, 497 521.
  • 43
    Jolivet, P. (1996). Ants and Plants: an Example of Coevolution. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, the Netherlands.
  • 44
    Kartohardjono, A. & Heinrichs, E.A. (1984). Populations of the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) (Homoptera: Delphacidae), and its predators on rice varieties with different levels of resistance. Environ. Entomol., 13, 359 365.
  • 45
    Kinkel, L.L. (1997). Microbial population dynamics on leaves. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol., 35, 327 347.
  • 46
    Lacey, L.A. & Goettel, M.S. (1995). Current developments in microbial control of insect pests and prospects for the early 21st century. Entomophaga, 40, 3 27.
  • 47
    Lehane, M.J. (1997). Peritrophic matrix structure and function. Annu. Rev. Entomol., 42, 525 550.
  • 48
    Mayer, R.T., Shapiro, J.P., Berdis, E., Hearn, C.J., McCollum, T.G., McDonald, R.E, Doostdar, H. (1995). Citrus rootstock responses to herbivory by larvae of the sugarcane rootstalk borer weevil (Diaprepes abbreviatus). Physiologia Plantarum, 94, 164 173.
  • 49
    Meckes, E.T.M., Van Voorst, S., Joosten, N.N., Fransen, J.J., Van Lenteren, J.C. (2000) Persistence of the fungal whitefly pathogen Aschersonia aleyrodis, on three different plant species. Mycol. Res., in press.
  • 50
    Mollema, C. & Cole, R.A. (1996). Low aromatic amino acid concentrations in leaf proteins determine resistance to Frankliniella occidentalis in four vegetable crops. Entomol. Exp. Appl., 78, 323 331.
  • 51
    Morris, O.N. (1976). A 2-year study of the efficacy of Bacillus thuringiensis-chitinase combinations in spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana) control. Can. Entomol., 108, 225 233.
  • 52
    Pell, J.K., Pluke, R, Clark, S.J., Kenward, M.G., Alderson, P.G. (1997). Interactions between two aphid natural enemies, the entomopathogenic fungus Erynia neoaphidis Remaudière & Hennebert (Zygomycetes: Entomophthorales) and the predatory beetle Coccinella septempunctata L. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). J. Invertebr. Pathol., 69, 261 268.
  • 53
    Peng, F, Fuxa, J.R., Johnson, S.J, Richter, A.R. (1997). Susceptibility of Anticarsia gemmatalis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), reared on four host plants, to a nuclear polyhedrosis virus. Environ. Entomol., 26, 973 977.
  • 54
    Price, P.W., Bouton, C.E., Gross, P., McPheron, B.A., Thompson, J.N., Weis, A.E. (1980). Interactions among three trophic levels: influence of plants on interactions between insect herbivores and natural enemies. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst., 11, 41 65.
  • 55
    Sabelis, M.W., Janssen, A., Pallini, A., Venzon, M., Bruin, J., Drukker, B., Scutareanu, P. (1999a). Behavioural responses of predatory and herbivorous arthropods to induced plant volatiles: From evolutionary ecology to agricultural applications. In: Induced Plant Defenses Against Pathogens and Herbivores (eds Agrawal, A.A., Tuzun, S. & Bert, E.). American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, Minnesota, pp 269 296.
  • 56
    Sabelis, M.W., Van Baalen, M., Bakker, F.M., Bruin, J., Drukker, B., Egas, M, Janssen, A., Lesna, I., Pels, B., Van Rijn, P.C.J., Scutareanu, P. (1999b). The evolution of direct and indirect plant defence against herbivorous arthropods. In: Herbivores Between Plants and Predators (eds Olff, H., Brown. V.K. & Drent, R.H.). Blackwell Science, Oxford, pp. 109 166.
  • 57
    Saikkonen, K., Faeth, S.H., Helander, M., Sullivan, T.J. (1998). Fungal endophytes: a continuum of interactions with host plants. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst., 29, 319 343.
  • 58
    Shapiro, M., Preisler, H.K., Robertson, J.L. (1987). Enhance-ment of baculovirus activity on gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) by chitinase. J. Econ. Ent., 80, 1113 1116.
  • 59
    Smirnoff, W.A. (1971). Effects of chitinase on the action of Bacillus thuringiensis. Can. Entomol., 103, 1829 1831.
  • 60
    Smirnoff, W.A. (1973). Results of test with Bacillus thuringiensis and chitinase on larvae of the spruce budworm. J. Invertebr. Pathol., 21, 116 118.
  • 61
    Smirnoff, W.A. (1974). Three years of aerial field experiments with Bacillus thuringiensis plus chitinase formulation against the spruce budworm. J. Invertebr. Pathol., 24, 344 348.
  • 62
    Smith, R.A. & Couche, G.A. (1991). The phylloplane as a source of Bacillus thuringiensis variants. Appl. Environ. Microbiology, 57, 311 315.
  • 63
    Storey, G.K. & Gardner, W.A. (1987). Vertical movement of commercially formulated Beauveria bassiana conidia through four Georgia soil types. Environ. Entomol., 16, 178 181.
  • 64
    Storey, G.K., Gardner, W.A., Tollner, E.W. (1989). Penetration and persistence of commercially formulated Beauveria bassiana conidia in soil of two tillage systems. Environ. Entomol., 18, 835 839.
  • 65
    Studdert, J.P. & Kaya, H.K. (1990). Water potential, temperature, and soil type on the formation of Beauveria bassiana colonies. J. Invertebr. Pathol., 56, 380 386.
  • 66
    Van Der Meijden, E. & Klinkhamer, P.G.L. (2000). Conflicting interests of plants and the natural enemies of herbivores. Oikos, 89, 202 208.
  • 67
    Van Rijn, P.C.J. & Tanigoshi, L.K. (1999). The contribution of extra-floral nectar to the survival and reproduction of the predatory mite Iphiseius degenerans on Ricinus communis. Exp. Appl. Acarol., 23, 281 296.
  • 68
    Walter, D.E. (1996). Living on leaves: Mites, tomenta and leaf domatia. Annu. Rev. Entomol., 41, 101 114.
  • 69
    Wellso, S.G. (1973). Cereal leaf beetle: larval feeding, orientation, development, and survival on four small-grain cultivars in the laboratory. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am., 66, 1201 1208.
  • 70
    Young, S.Y., Yearian, W.C., Kim, S.Y. (1977). Effect of dew from cotton and soybean foliage on activity of Heliothis nuclear polyhedrosis virus. J. Invertebr. Pathol., 29, 105 111.