Role of tyrosine kinases and the tyrosine phosphatase SptP in the interaction of Salmonella with host cells
Article first published online: 20 DEC 2001
Volume 3, Issue 12, pages 795–810, December 2001
How to Cite
Murli, S., Watson, R. O. and Galán, J. E. (2001), Role of tyrosine kinases and the tyrosine phosphatase SptP in the interaction of Salmonella with host cells. Cellular Microbiology, 3: 795–810. doi: 10.1046/j.1462-5822.2001.00158.x
- Issue published online: 20 DEC 2001
- Article first published online: 20 DEC 2001
- Received 10 July, 2001; revised 3 September, 2001; accepted 7 September, 2001.
Salmonella has evolved an intimate functional interface with its host. Central to this interface is a battery of bacterial proteins delivered into host cells via a specialized organelle termed the type III secretion system. A subset of these bacterial proteins stimulates cellular responses by activating the Rho family GTPases Cdc42 and Rac. Stimulation of these responses leads to actin cytoskeleton reorganization and the activation of cellular transcription factors that result in bacterial uptake and proinflammatory cytokine production. Remarkably, the cellular responses stimulated by Salmonella are quickly reversed by another bacterial protein, SptP, which exerts its function as a GTPase-activating protein (GAP) for Cdc42 and Rac. In addition to its GAP activity located within its amino-terminus, the carboxy-terminal domain of SptP possesses potent tyrosine phosphatase activity. We show here that the tyrosine phosphatase activity of SptP is involved in reversing the MAP kinase activation that results from Salmonella infection. We also demonstrate an important role for tyrosine kinases, including ACK, in the cellular responses induced by Salmonella. We also found that a potential target for the tyrosine phosphatase activity of SptP is the intermediate filament protein vimentin, which is recruited to the membrane ruffles stimulated by Salmonella.