SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Hodge KK, McNeal JE, Terris MK, Stamey TA. Random systematic versus directed ultrasound guided transrectal core biopsies of the prostate. J Urol 1989; 142: 714
  • 2
    Naughton CK, Smith DS, Humphrey PA, Catalona WJ, Keetch DW. Clinical and pathologic tumor characteristics of prostate cancer as a function of the number of biopsy cores: a retrospective study. Urology 1998; 52: 80813DOI: 10.1016/s0090-4295(98)00344-6
  • 3
    Levine MA, Ittman M, Melamed J, Lepor H. Two consecutive sets of transrectal ultrasound guided sextant biopsies of the prostate for the detection of prostate cancer. J Urol 1998; 159: 4715
  • 4
    Ravery V, Billebaud T, Toublanc M et al. Diagnostic value of ten systematic TRUS-guided prostate biopsies. Eur Urol 1999; 35: 298303
  • 5
    McNeal JE, Redwine EA, Freiha FS, Stamey TA. Zonal distribution of prostatic adenocarcinoma. Correlation with histologic pattern and direction of spread. Am J Surg Pathol 1988; 12: 897906
  • 6
    Stamey TA. Making the most out of six systematic sextant biopsies. Urology 1995; 45: 212
  • 7
    Eskew LA, Bare RL, McCullough DL. Systematic 5 region prostate biopsy is superior to sextant method for diagnosing carcinoma of the prostate. J Urol 1997; 157: 199202
  • 8
    Chang JJ, Shinohara K, Bhargava V, Presti JC Jr. Prospective evaluation of lateral biopsies of the peripheral zone for prostate cancer detection. J Urol 1998; 160: 21114
  • 9
    Greene DR, Wheeler TM, Egawa S, Dunn JK, Scardino PT. A comparison of the morphological features of cancer arising in the transition zone and in the peripheral zone of the prostate. J Urol 1991; 146: 106976
  • 10
    Cupp MR & Oesterling JE. Detecting early prostate cancer. AUA Update Series 1993; 25863
  • 11
    Lui PD, Terris MK, McNeal JE, Stamey TA. Indications for ultrasound guided transition zone biopsies in the detection of prostate cancer. J Urol 1995; 153: 10003
  • 12
    Bazinet M, Karakiewicz PI, Aprikian AG et al. Value of systematic transition zone biopsies in the early detection of prostate cancer. J Urol 1996; 155: 6056
  • 13
    Terris MK, Pham TQ, Issa MM, Kabalin JN. Routine transition zone and seminal vesicle biopsies in all patients undergoing transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsies are not indicated. J Urol 1997; 157: 2046
  • 14
    Morote J, Lopez M, Encabo G, De Torres I. Value of routine transition zone biopsies in patients undergoing ultrasound-guided sextant biopsies for the first time. Eur Urol 1999; 35: 2947
  • 15
    Epstein JI, Walsh PC, Sauvageot J, Carter HB. Use of repeat sextant and transition zone biopsies for assessing extent of prostate cancer. J Urol 1997; 158: 188690
  • 16
    Lerner SE, Seay TM, Blute ML, Bergstralh EJ, Barrett D, Zincke H. Prostate specific antigen detected prostate cancer (clinical stage T1c): an interim analysis. J Urol 1996; 155: 8216
  • 17
    Roehrborn CG, Pickens GJ, Sanders JS. Diagnostic yield of repeated transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsies stratified by specific histopathologic diagnoses and prostate specific antigen levels. Urology 1996; 47: 34752DOI: 10.1016/s0090-4295(99)80451-8
  • 18
    Fleshner NE, O'Sullivan M, Fair WR. Prevalence and predictors of a positive repeat transrectal ultrasound guided needle biopsy of the prostate. J Urol 1997; 158: 5058
  • 19
    Durkan GC & Greene DR. Elevated serum prostate specific antigen levels in conjunction with an initial prostatic biopsy negative for carcinoma: who should undergo a repeat biopsy? BJU Int 1999; 83: 348DOI: 10.1046/j.1464-410x.1999.00864.x
  • 20
    Stricker HJ, Ruddock LJ, Wan J, Belville WD. Detection of non-palpable prostate cancer. A mathematical and laboratory model. Br J Urol 1993; 71: 436
  • 21
    Babaian RJ, Toi A, Kamoi K et al. A comparative analysis of sextant and an extended 11-core multisite directed biopsy strategy. J Urol 2000; 163: 1527
  • 22
    Presti JC Jr, Chang JJ, Bhargava V, Shinohara K. The optimal systematic prostate biopsy scheme should include 8 rather than 6 biopsies. results of a prospective clinical trial. J Urol 2000; 163: 1636
  • 23
    Ravery V, Goldblatt L, Royer B, Blanc E, Toublanc M, Boccon-Gibod L. Extensive biopsy protocol improves the detection rate of prostate cancer. J Urol 2000; 164: 3936
  • 24
    Naughton CK, Miller DC, Mager DE, Ornstein DK, Catalona WJ. A prospective randomized trial comparing 6 versus 12 prostate biopsy cores. impact on cancer detection. J Urol 2000; 164: 38892
  • 25
    Keetch DW & Catalona WJ. Prostatic transition zone biopsies in men with previous negative biopsies and persistently elevated serum prostate specific antigen values. J Urol 1995; 154: 17957
  • 26
    Rodriguez LV & Terris MK. Risks and complications of transrectal ultrasound guided prostate needle biopsy: a prospective study and review of the literature. J Urol 1998; 160: 211520
  • 27
    Naughton CK, Ornstein DK, Smith DS, Catalona WJ. Pain and morbidity of transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy: a prospective randomized trial of 6 versus 12 cores. J Urol 2000; 163: 16871
  • 28
    Borboroglu PG, Comer SW, Riffenburgh RH, Amling CL. Extensive repeat transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy in patients with previous benign sextant biopsies. J Urol 2000; 163: 15862

Authors

  1. Authors

G.C. Durkan, FRCSI, Specialist Registrar in Urology.

N. Sheikh, FRCSI, Associate Specialist in Urology.

P. Johnson, MS, FRCS(Urol), Consultant Urologist.

A.J. Hildreth, MSc, Statistician.

D.R. Greene, MCh, FRCS(Urol), Consultant Urologist.

Abbreviations
PZ

peripheral zone

TZ

transitional zone

PIN

prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia.