SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Irani J, Fournier F, Bon D et al. Patient tolerance of transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy of the prostate. Br J Urol 1997; 79: 60810
  • 2
    Soloway MS, Obek C. Periprostatic local anesthesia before ultrasound guided prostate biopsy. J Urol 2000; 163: 1723
  • 3
    Crundwell MC, Cooke PW, Wallace DM. Patients’ tolerance of transrectal ultrasound-guided prostatic biopsy: an audit of 104 cases. BJU Int 1999; 83: 7925DOI: 10.1046/j.1464-410x.1999.00011.x
  • 4
    McVary KT, McKenna KE, Lee C. Prostate innervation. Prostate Suppl 1998; 8: 213
  • 5
    Danuser H, Springer JP, Katofiasc MA, Thor KB. Extrinsic innervation of the cat prostate gland: a combined tracing and immunohistochemical study. J Urol 1997; 157: 101824
  • 6
    Issa MM, Perez-Brayfield M, Petros JA et al. A prospective study of transperineal prostatic block for transurethral needle ablation for benign prostatic hyperplasia: the Emory University Experience. J Urol 1999; 162: 16369
  • 7
    Wallner K, Simpson C, Roof J et al. Local anesthesia for prostate brachytherapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 1999; 45: 4016
  • 8
    Issa MM, Ritenour C, Greenberger M, Hollabaugh R Jr, Steiner M. The prostate anesthetic block for outpatient prostate surgery. World J Urol 1998; 16: 37883
  • 9
    Soloway MS, Alavi A, Vaidya A, Lynne CM, Gheiler E. Local anesthesia for ultrasound guided prostate biopsies: a prospective randomized trial. J Urol 2001; 165: 101
  • 10
    Reddy PK. New technique to anesthetize the prostate for transurethral balloon dilation. Urol Clin North Am 1990; 17: 556
  • 11
    Nash PA, Bruce JE, Indudhara R, Shinohara K. Transrectal ultrasound guided prostatic nerve blockade eases systematic needle biopsy of the prostate. J Urol 1996; 155: 6079
  • 12
    Pareek G, Armenakas NA, Fracchia JA. Periprostatic nerve blockade for transrectal ultrasound guided biopsy of the prostate: a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study. J Urol 2001; 166: 8947
  • 13
    Fredman B, Zohar E, Ganim T, Shalev M, Jedeikin R. Bupivacaine infiltration into the neurovascular bundle of the prostatic nerve does not improve postoperative pain or recovery following transvesical prostatectomy. J Urol 1998; 159: 1546
  • 14
    Schostak M, Panick M, Goessl C, Christoph F, Miller K. Optimizing local anaesthesia for systematic tenfold prostatic biopsy. J Urol 2001; 165: 311
  • 15
    Issa MM, Bux S, Chun T et al. A randomized prospective trial of intrarectal lignocaine for pain control during transrectal prostate biopsy: the Emory University experience. J Urol 2000; 164: 3979
  • 16
    Moffat NA. Transurethral prostatic resections under local anesthesia. J Urol 1977; 118: 6078

Authors

  1. Authors

N.N.K. Lynn, FRCSEd, Former Urology Research Fellow (Currently Specialist Registrar, West Midlands).

G.N. Collins, MD, FRCS(Urol), Consultant Urological Surgeon.

S.C.W. Brown, MD, FRCS(Urol), Consultant Urological Surgeon.

P.H. O’Reilly, MD, FRCS, Consultant Urological Surgeon.

Abbreviations
VAS

visual analogue scale.