• 1
    Gosling JA, Dixon JS. Structure of trabeculated detrusor smooth muscle in cases of prostatic hypertrophy. Urol Int 1980; 35: 3515
  • 2
    Charlton RG, Morley AR, Chambers P, Gillespie JI. Focal changes in nerve, muscle and connective tissue in normal and unstable human bladder. BJU Int 1999; 84: 95360
  • 3
    Mills IW, Greenland JE, McMurray G et al. Studies of the pathophysiology of idiopathic detrusor instability: the physiological properties of the detrusor smooth muscle and its pattern of innervation. J Urol 2000; 163: 64651
  • 4
    Drake MJ, Hedlund P, Mills IW et al. Structural and functional denervation of human detrusor after spinal cord injury. Laboratory Invest 2000; 80: 14919
  • 5
    German K, Bedwani J, Davies J, Brading AF, Stephenson TP. Physiological and morphometric studies into the pathophysiology of detrusor hyperreflexia in neuropathic patients. J Urol 1995; 153: 167883
  • 6
    Harrison SC, Hunnam GR, Farman P, Ferguson DR, Doyle PT. Bladder instability and denervation in patients with bladder outflow obstruction. Br J Urol 1987; 60: 51922
  • 7
    Speakman MJ, Brading AF, Gilpin CJ, Dixon JS, Gilpin SA, Gosling JA. Bladder outflow obstruction - a cause of denervation supersensitivity. J Urol 1987; 138: 14616
  • 8
    Brading AF. A myogenic basis for the overactive bladder. Urology 1997; 50: 5767
  • 9
    Drake MJ, Mills IW, Gillespie JI. Model of peripheral autonomous modules and a myovesical plexus in normal and overactive bladder function. Lancet 2001; 358: 4013
  • 10
    Sui GP, Rothery S, Dupont E, Fry CH, Severs NJ. Gap junctions and connexin expression in human suburothelial interstitial cells. BJU Int 2002; 90: 11829
  • 11
    Hedreen JC, Bacon SJ, Price DL. A modified histochemical technique to visualize acetylcholinesterase-containing axons. J Histochem Cytochem 1985; 33: 13440
  • 12
    Skalli O, Schurch W, Seemayer T et al. Myofibroblasts from diverse pathologic settings are heterogeneous in their content of actin isoforms and intermediate filament proteins. Laboratory Invest 1989; 60: 27585
  • 13
    Street CH, Mize RR. A simple microcomputer-based three-dimensional serial section reconstruction system (MICROS). J Neurosci Meth 1983; 7: 35975
  • 14
    Moss VA, Jenkinson DM, Elder HY. Automated image segmentation and serial section reconstruction in microscopy. J Microsc 1990; 158: 18796
  • 15
    Wellner M-C, Isenberg G. Properties of stretch-activated channels in myocytes from the guinea-pig urinary bladder. J Physiol (Lond) 1993; 466: 21327
  • 16
    McCloskey KD, Gurney AM. ckit-positive cells in the guinea pig bladder. J Urol 2002; 168: 8326
  • 17
    Smet PJ, Jonavicius J, Marshall VR, De Vente J. Distribution of nitric oxide synthase-immunoreactive nerves and identification of the cellular targets of nitric oxide in guinea-pig and human urinary bladder by cGMP immunohistochemistry. Neuroscience 1996; 71: 33748
  • 18
    Drake MJ, Hussain IF, Hedlund P, Brading AF, Fowler C, Andersson K-E. Characterisation of intramuscular myofibroblasts in human detrusor. BJU Int 2000; 86: 3678
  • 19
    Deverell MH, Bailey N, Whimster WF. Tissue distortion in three-dimensional reconstruction of wax or plastic embedded microscopic structures. Pathol Res Pract 1989; 185: 598 601