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Keywords:

  • neonate;
  • acute scrotum;
  • haematoma;
  • torsion

OBJECTIVE

To describe the clinical features of neonatal scrotal haematoma and distinguish them from those of neonatal testicular torsion.

PATIENTS AND METHODS

Five neonates presenting with an acute scrotum and initial diagnosis of neonatal testicular torsion were found to have neonatal scrotal haematoma. In one case the diagnosis was surgical and in four subsequent cases the diagnosis was by colour Doppler ultrasonography, and surgery was avoided. Four of the five children had risk factors associated with neonatal scrotal haematoma, including bleeding diathesis, birth trauma and high birth weight.

CONCLUSIONS

The importance of including haematoma in the differential diagnosis of the acute neonatal scrotum is emphasized, as is the value of contemporary Doppler ultrasonography in making this diagnosis.