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Articles in update issues are indicated by page numbers in italics; S1 indicates the supplement. Where reference is to articles appearing only on the Web, page numbers are replaced by [Web]

Adenocarcinoma of prostate

ductal, combined chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin (case report) [Web]

immunostained for carbohydrate antigen 125 and carcinoembryonic antigen (case report) 298

metastatic adenocarcinoma with testicular mass and cutaneous nodules (case report) [Web]

Adenoid cystic carcinoma, Cowper's gland (case reports) [Web]

Adipocytes, modulation of prostate cancer cell growth 716

Adrenal hyperplasia, congenital, flap vaginoplasty 263

Adrenal metastasis, renal cell carcinoma 775

Advocacy, patient (comment) 590

Alfuzosin, relaxant effects on rabbit isolated corpus cavernosum 873

Alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonists, benign prostatic hyperplasia 41, 873

erectile dysfunction 873

Alprostadil, intraurethral, erectile dysfunction 451

5-Aminolaevulinic acid-induced porphyrin fluorescence in detection of bladder dysplasia 623

Androgen, normalization of levels in hypogonadal men, testosterone gel formulation 69

Androgen-insensitivity syndrome with phenotypic diversity (case report) [Web]

Androgen suppression, intermittent, prostate cancer 18

Andropause 311 (comment), 883 (pharmaceutical review)

Angiogenesis, prostate cancer, evaluation using colour Doppler ultrasonography 223

Antiandrogen monotherapy, prostate cancer 455

Antibiotic resistance, catheter-associated urinary tract infections 806

Antiplatelet drugs, stopping before surgery (comment) 593

Apomorphine, sublingual, erectile dysfunction 447

Appendectomy, inverted, de-inversion for Malone procedure (case report) [Web]

Aspirin, low-dose, effect on morbidity after transrectal ultrasonography-guided prostate biopsy 798

Aspirin with PC-SPES, attempted prevention of pulmonary embolism (case report) [Web]

Audit

identifying under-performing surgeons 780

quality control in urodynamics 201

urodynamic standardization in West Midlands, UK (letter to editor) 430

Autonomic dysreflexia in spinal cord injury, role of capsaicin-sensitive afferents 637

Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG), intravesical, penile tuberculosis following (case report) [Web]

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

CD38 loss, leukocyte antigen-DR up-regulation and gland atrophy 409

comparison of tamsulosin and controlled-release doxazosin 41

comparison of transurethral electrovaporization of prostate and neodymium:YAG laser therapy 801

day-case holmium laser enucleation of prostate 61

effect of prostatectomy on urinary symptoms, quality of life and sexual function 196

International Prostate Symptom Score, abbreviated model 186

intraprostatic chemoablation via transurethral and transperineal injection 94

management, need for practical guidelines (comment) 592

MUC1 expression 278

pre-operative urodynamic and symptom valuation 375

quality of life concepts in evaluating surgical treatments 380

Rotoresect for bloodless transurethral resection 65

sexual dysfunction and (comment) 770

shared-care in (comment) 179

transurethral electrovaporization, comparison with transurethral resection of prostate 211

transurethral microwave thermotherapy

comparison with drug treatment 131, 732 (letter to editor)

high-energy 365

uroplakins and nitric oxide synthase in urothelium in patients with bladder outlet obstruction 507

Benzalkonium chloride, effects on intramural innervation of upper urinary tract 683

Bicalutamide, prostate cancer 455, 465 (comment)

Biopsy see Kidney, biopsy; Prostate, biopsy

Bisphosphonates, use in prostate cancer (comment) 310

Bladder

agenesis, persistent urogenital sinus and (case report) [Web]

augmentation cystoplasty

laparoscopically-assisted ureterocystoplasty in children 525

pregnancy and vaginal delivery after (case report) 893

capacity estimation: effect of maturation, ageing, gender and size 255

care, females, knowledge among medical staff 208

dysplasia, detection of in situ carcinoma using 5-aminolaevulinic acid-induced porphyrin fluorescence 623

evaluation with temporary vesicostomy occlusion (point of technique) 117

exstrophy, women, urogynaecological and obstetric issues 845

foreign body, removal (case report) [Web]

inguinoscrotal herniation, renal failure and (case report) [Web]

müllerianosis (case report) [Web]

myofibroblast in human bladder lamina propria 89

neurogenic, unilateral basal forebrain-lesioned rat as a model 861

orthotopic replacement

after radical cystectomy, long-term results 485

effect of ileal replacement on urinary 8-hyroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine excretion 657

transient hyperparathyroidism after (case report) [Web]

outlet obstruction

detrusor ultrastructural changes 360

intravesical prostatic protrusion and 371

partial, ATP-sensitive potassium channel openers 284

uroplakins and nitric oxide synthase in urothelium 507

overactive

assessment of electronic daily diary 647

ATP-sensitive potassium channel openers 284

effect of magnetic stimulation of pelvic floor on involuntary detrusor activity 810

simplified bladder training and tolterodine 54

use of tolterodine in children after oxybutynin failure 398

stones see Stones, bladder

Bladder cancer

detection of in situ carcinoma using 5-aminolaevulinic acid-induced porphyrin fluorescence 623

device for reconstituting and delivering intravesical chemotherapy (point of technique) 575

identifying under-performing surgeons 780

lack of improvement in management (comment) 769

matrix metalloproteinases: induction of MMP9 by epidermal growth factor and its detection in urine 99

pyrexia of unknown origin (case report) [Web]

symptoms and well-being after radical cystectomy 325

telomerase status 567

transitional cell

DNA topoisomerase-IIα as prognostic factor 489

hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer and (case report) 297

laparoscopic port-site metastases (case report) [Web]

urinary markers (comment) 772

Body mass index, prostate cancer and 482

Body piercing, genitals 245

Bone metastases, prostate cancer

predictive value of serial bone scans in clinically localized disease managed by watchful waiting 613

use of bisphosphonates (comment) 310

zoledronic acid (comment) 464

Bowel, use in urinary reconstruction, metabolic and functional consequences 143

Brachytherapy, prostate cancer

corticosteroid use to reduce acute urinary retention risk 345

permanent brachytherapy along with hormonal manipulation 23

Calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis, role of sialic acids and cellular matrix proteins 554

Calcium stone formation 758

prevention 761

Capsaicin

intra-ureteric, loin pain haematuria syndrome (letter to editor) 429

intravesical, and autonomic dysreflexia in spinal cord injury 637

Carbohydrate antigen 125, adenocarcinoma of prostate (case report) 298

Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), adenocarcinoma of prostate (case report) 298

Carcinoid tumour, primary urethral (case report) [Web]

Caruncle, urethral (case report) [Web]

Catheters

’egg-shell’ encrustation over Foley balloon (case report) [Web]

prevention of blockage with clots (letter to editor) 126

Tenckhoff peritoneal dialysis, laparoscopic placement (point of technique) 885

urinary tract infections, prevalence of uropathogens and pattern of antimicrobial resistance 806

CD38 loss, leukocyte antigen-DR up-regulation and, prostate disease 409

Cell salvage transfusion during radical retropubic prostatectomy, influence on cancer recurrence 474

Cell-surface matrix proteins, role in renal epithelial cell-crystal adhesion 554

Chemotherapy, intravesical, device for reconstituting and delivering (point of technique) 575

Churg—Strauss syndrome, eosinophilic prostatitis and (case report) [Web]

Cinnoxicam, oligoasthenospermia associated with left varicocele 513

Circumcision, newborn urinary tract infections and (letter to editor) 429

Cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil in combination therapy for prostatic ductal adenocarcinoma (case report) [Web]

Citalopram, premature ejaculation treatment, effect on serum leptin levels 252

Clinical governance: identifying under-performing surgeons 780

Clot retention after surgery, prevention (letter to editor) 126

Colchicine and vitamin E, Peyronie's disease 522

Colon cancer, hereditary nonpolyposis, multifocal transitional cell carcinoma and (case report) 297

Competence assessment: identifying under-performing surgeons 780

Complementary medicine, motivations and influences on use in prostate cancer patients 603

Continuing medical education 740

Corpus cavernosum, comparison of relaxant effects of alfuzosin, phentolamine and sildenafil 873

Cowper's gland, adenoid cystic carcinoma (case reports) [Web]

Crohn's disease, penoscrotal oedema (case report) [Web]

Cryptorchidism, infertility despite surgical treatment in childhood and its association with follicle-stimulating hormone levels 670

Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), overexpression in high-grade transitional cell carcinoma of upper urinary tract 109

Cystectomy, radical

identifying under-performing surgeons 780

long-term results of orthoptic neobladder reconstruction 485

post-operative symptoms and well-being 325

Cystine stones 759

Cystitis, interstitial

Helicobacter pylori and 814

incidence, community-based study 181

Cystometry, estimation of glomerular filtration rate and bladder capacity for specific individuals 255

Cystoplasty

augmentation, pregnancy and vaginal delivery after (case report) 893

laparoscopically-assisted ureterocystoplasty in children 525

Decision making, participation in early-stage prostate cancer, decisional regret and quality of life following 14

Desmopressin, effects and safety in elderly patients with nocturia 642

Detrusor muscle

detrusor external sphincter dyssynergia in spinal cord injury, mesh wallstent for 51, 897 (letter to editor)

effect of magnetic stimulation of pelvic floor on involuntary detrusor activity 810

hyperactive, sacral neuromodulation 711

hyper-reflexia, intravesical capsaicin therapy 637

innervation of detrusor muscle bundle in neurogenic detrusor overactivity 702

ultrastructural changes in bladder outlet obstruction 360

Dexamethasone, transdermal electromotive administration, Peyronie's disease 825

Diary, electronic, use in patients with overactive bladder 647

Diet and prostate cancer, role of tomatoes/lycopene (comment) 307

Discriminant analysis in prediction of stone disease in genetic polymorphisms 661

Diuresis renography, dilated upper urinary tract, standardization of technique 239

Doppler ultrasound

colour

angiogenesis quantification in prostate cancer 223

detection of vesico-ureteric reflux in children 856

echo-colour, testicular artery and spermatogenesis (letter to editor) 897

Doxazosin

controlled-release (doxazosin-GITS), benign prostatic hyperplasia 41

use alone or with finasteride, LUTS patients (comment) 591

Duloxetine, stress incontinence 745

Dysreflexia, autonomic see Autonomic dysreflexia

Ecstasy abuse, acute urinary retention after (case report) 123

Education

continuing 740

see also Training

Ejaculation, premature 309 (comment)

effect of citalopram therapy on serum leptin levels 252

Elastosis perforans serpiginosa of penis (case report) 427

Electrosurgery, benign prostatic hyperplasia 211

Electrovaporization, transurethral, of prostate, comparison with neodymium:YAG laser therapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia 801

Endophthalmitis, metastatic bacterial, from prostatic abscess (case report) [Web]

Endopyelotomy, retrograde, endoluminal ultrasonography before 389

Endothelial hyperplasia, intravascular papillary, in urethral mass (case report) [Web]

Enterocystoplasty, childhood, effect on growth 79

Epidemiology, stone disease 758

Epidermal growth factor, induction of matrix metalloproteinases in bladder cancer 99

Epispadias, female, urogynaecological and obstetric issues 845

Erectile dysfunction

comparison of International Index of Erectile Dysfunction and erectile dysfunction studies 667

effects on renal failure in rabbit model 697

and lower urinary tract symptoms/benign prostatic hyperplasia (comment) 770

nitric oxide synthase gene transfer in rat model 691

pharmacological management 446

α 1-adrenoceptor antagonists 873

tadalafil (comment) 466

Erectile function, benign prostatic hypertrophy

effect of alfuzosin 873

effect of prostatectomy 196

Errors, medical, reducing (comment) 1

ESWL see Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy

Ethanol, intraprostatic chemoablation via transurethral and transperineal injection 94

European Society for Paediatric Urology XIVth Annual Meeting, programme and abstracts S1

Ewing's sarcoma, extraskeletal, with vena caval tumour thrombus (case report) [Web]

Exstrophy—epispadias complex in women, urogynaecological and obstetric issues 845

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)

renal stones, artificial neural networks in prediction of optimum fragmentation 821

ureteric stones (comment) 771

Fibrin as inducer of fibrosis in tunica albuginea of rat: new animal model of Peyronie's disease 830

Finasteride

polycythaemia (case report) [Web]

use alone or with doxazosin, LUTS patients (comment) 591

Fistula

peritoneovaginal, after hysterectomy (case report) 727

right common iliac artery pseudoaneurysm—ureteric (case report) 890

5-Fluorouracil and cisplatin in combination therapy for prostatic ductal adenocarcinoma (case report) [Web]

Follicle-stimulating hormone, association with infertility in patients undergoing childhood orchidopexy 670

Forebrain: rat neurogenic bladder model with unilateral electrolytic lesion of basal forebrain 861

Foreign body, removal from bladder (case report) [Web]

Gene therapy 421 (pharmaceutical review)

nitric oxide synthase, erectile dysfunction in rat model 691

Genital piercing 245

Germ cell tumours

’burned-out’, lymph node metastasis presenting as inguinal mass (case report) [Web]

nonseminomatous, postchemotherapy thoracotomy 469

Glans penis, primary extraskeletal osteosarcoma and glanular reconstruction (case report) [Web]

Glanular reconstruction and preputioplasty (GRAP) repair, distal hypospadias 268

Glomerular filtration rate (GFR), estimation: effect of maturation, ageing, gender and size 255

Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptors, ventral prostate, effects of castration and gonadotrophin-releasing hormone antagonist and agonist treatment 227

Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulation, varicocele repair in adolescents 75

Granulomas, leucoprorelin acetate, injection sites (letter to editor) 125

Growth effect of childhood enterocystoplasty 79

Haemangioma

renal sinus, with inferior vena cava involvement (case report) [Web]

scrotum, children (case report) [Web]

Haematoma, neonatal scrotal 675

Haematuria

microscopic (letter to editor) 301

see also Loin pain haematuria syndrome

Healing of unstented tubularized incised plate urethroplasty 84

Healthcare, changes in provision, effect on urology 737

Helicobacter pylori DNA, investigation in specimens from interstitial cystitis patients 814

Hermaphroditism, congenital adrenal hyperplasia caused by 21-hydrolase deficiency, flap vaginoplasty 263

Hormonal therapy, prostate cancer

adjuvant therapy, locally advanced cancer (comment) 6

hormonal manipulation along with interstitial brachytherapy 23

intermittent androgen suppression 18

primary therapy in localized or locally advanced disease 33

Human error, reducing (comment) 1

Hydrocele, spermatic cord lymphangioma masquerading as (case report) [Web]

8-Hydroxy-2’-deoxyguanosine, effect of ileal neobladder replacement 657

Hypogastric nerve: spontaneous generation of sympathetic pathway to prostate via hypogastric nerve 868

Hyponatremia risk of desmopressin treatment in elderly patients with nocturia 642

Hypospadias repair

glanular reconstruction and preputioplasty for distal hypospadias 268

spongioplasty and separation of corpora cavernosa 528

Hysterectomy

benign disease, urinary retention after 497

peritoneovaginal fistula after (case report) 727

Ileal conduit

life-threatening haemorrhage (case report) [Web]

ureteric access (point of technique) 423

Ileocaecal urinary reservoir (Charleston pouch 1), effect on serum levels of vitamin B12 653

Iliac artery: right common iliac artery pseudoaneurysm—ureteric fistula (case report) 890

Incontinence

electronic diary 647

endourethral injection of bulking agents in children 536

postal survey, nonresponse bias 631

stress, pharmacotherapy 745

urge, role of neuromodulation 355

Infertility, male

despite surgery for cryptorchidism and its association with follicle-stimulating hormone levels 670

medical therapy of oligoasthenospermia associated with left varicocele 513

Insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGFR) type 1, effect of downregulation on chemosensitization of prostate cancer 271

Interleukin-6, role in hormone-refractory prostate cancer 545

International Index of Erectile Dysfunction, comparison with erectile dysfunction studies 667

International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), abbreviated model in evaluation of benign prostatic hyperplasia 186

Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (Masson's tumour) in urethral mass (case report) [Web]

Kidney(s)

biopsy, laparoscopic 817

duplex, with ureteroceles, diagnostic imaging for histological lesions of upper poles 678

endoluminal ultrasonography before retrograde endopyelotomy 389

necrotizing sarcoidosis presenting as renal mass (case report) [Web]

tumours

non-metastatic primitive peripheral neuroectodermal tumour with vena caval tumour thrombus (case report) [Web]

primitive neuroectodermal tumour with spontaneous regression of pulmonary metastases after nephrectomy (case report) 121

transitional cell carcinoma invading inferior vena cava, treated by excision and grafting (case report) [Web]

see also Renal cell carcinoma

see also Renal . . .

Lactobacillus fermentum, intrathecal inoculation, structural and ultrastructural effects on urinary tract 878

Laparoscopy

effect of laparoscopic hernia repairs on subsequent radical retropubic prostatectomy (case report) 729

hand-assisted nephrectomy

comparison to open (flank incision) radical nephrectomy 341

complications (letters to editor) 125, 584

radical prostatectomy 749

renal biopsy 817

retroperitoneal JJ stenting of ureter (point of technique) 725

retroperitoneal partial nephrectomy, children 532

Tenckhoff peritoneal dialysis catheters placement (point of technique) 885

ureterocystoplasty in children 525

Laser therapy

day-case holmium laser enucleation of prostate 61

neodymium:YAG, benign prostatic hyperplasia, comparison with transurethral electrovaporization of prostate 801

Leech therapy, penoscrotal oedema in hormone-refractory prostate carcinoma (case report) 579

Leptin levels, premature ejaculation patients, effect of citalopram treatment 252

Leukocyte antigen-DR (HLA-DR) up-regulation, CD38 loss and, prostate disease 409

Leuprorelin acetate granulomas at injection sites (letter to editor) 125

Lignocaine, pericapsular, pain reduction in transrectal-guided biopsy of prostate (letters to editor) 583, 584

Lithotripsy, extracorporeal shock wave see Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy

Loin pain haematuria syndrome, intra-ureteric capsaicin (letter to editor) 429

Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS)

doxazosin and finasteride alone or in combination (comment) 591

intravesical prostatic protrusion and 371

postal survey, nonresponse bias 631

prostate cancer fear, case for screening 30

quality of life concepts in evaluating surgical treatments 380

and sexual dysfunction in men (comment) 770

Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists, localized or locally advanced prostate cancer 33

LUTS see Lower urinary tract symptoms

Lycopene and prostate cancer (comment) 307

Lymphangioma, spermatic cord, masquerading as hydrocele in child (case report) [Web]

Lymphocele after renal transplantation, povidone iodine instillation (point of technique) 296

Lymphoma: T-cell rich B-cell lymphoma of penis (case report) 889

Magnetic stimulation of pelvic floor, effect on involuntary detrusor activity 810

Masson's tumour see Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia

Masturbation inducing synchronous bilateral testicular torsion (case report) [Web]

Matrix metalloproteinases, bladder cancer, induction of MMP9 by epidermal growth factor and its detection in urine 99

MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) abuse, acute urinary retention after (case report) 123

Microwave thermotherapy, transurethral

comparison with drug treatment, benign prostatic hyperplasia 131, 732 (letter to editor)

high-energy 365

Mitrofanoff procedure and posterior urethral injuries in children 402

MUC1 mucin

expression in prostate cell lines and tissue 278

urological malignancy 560

Müllerianosis, bladder (case report) [Web]

Multiple choice questions, answers to European Urology Update Series 2002 155

Nephrectomy

hand-assisted laparoscopic

comparison with open (flank incision) approach to radical nephrectomy 341

complications (letters to editor) 125, 584, 896

hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic radical (point of technique) 723

upper pole, comparison of diagnostic imaging findings with histological lesions in specimens of duplex system ureteroceles 678

Nephroureterectomy, retroperitoneal vs open partial, children 532

Neural networks, artificial

in predicting optimum renal stone fragmentation by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy 821

in prediction of stone disease in genetic polymorphisms 661

Neuromodulation

sacral

hyperactive detrusor, signal modification in animal model 711

urinary retention (letter to editor) 583

urinary retention after hysterectomy for benign disease 497

stress incontinence 745

urge incontinence 355

NF-κB nuclear localization and prostate cancer 417

Nitric oxide synthase, inducible

gene transfer, erectile dysfunction 691

urothelium of patients with bladder outlet obstruction 507

Nocturia

elderly

short-term safety and effects of desmopressin 642

sleep, somatic diseases and medical treatment and (letters to editor) 125, 302

voiding patterns 45

impact in healthy professionally-active individuals 190

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), oligoasthenospermia associated with left varicocele 513

Nutritional Prevention of Cancer Trial, selenium supplementation and incidence of prostate cancer 608

Obesity, prostate cancer risk 482

Obturator nerve injury complicating tension-free vaginal tape (case report) [Web]

Oedema, penoscrotal see Penoscrotal oedema

Oligoasthenospermia associated with left varicocele, medical therapy 513

Orchialgia, chronic 435

Osteosarcoma, primary extraskeletal, glans penis (case report) [Web]

Paraffinoma, penile (case report) [Web]

Patient advocates (comment) 590

Pelvi-ureteric junction (PUJ) obstruction

endoluminal ultrasonography before retrograde endopyelotomy 389

pathophysiology, investigation using benzalkonium chloride 683

renographic evaluation, standardization of technique 239

treatment of antenatally-suspected obstruction 850

Pelvic floor, magnetic stimulation, effect on involuntary detrusor activity 810

Penis

carcinoma, comparison of physical examination and imaging in determination of extent 493

comparison of relaxant effects of alfuzosin, phentolamine and sildenafil on rabbit corpus cavernosum 873

elastosis perforans serpiginosa (case report) 427

epithelioid sarcoma, Peyronie's disease and: case for histopathological diagnosis 519

fibrin as inducer of fibrosis in tunica albuginea 830

fracture, long-term results of surgical treatment (letter to editor) 301

paraffinoma (case report) [Web]

prostheses (comment) 176

pyoderma gangrenosum (case report) [Web]

reconstruction of penile shaft amputation (case report) [Web]

T-cell rich B-cell lymphoma (case report) 889

tuberculosis after intravesical BCG instillation (case report) [Web]

Penoscrotal oedema

hormone-refractory prostate cancer, leech therapy (case report) 579

presenting sign for Crohn's disease (case report) [Web]

Peritoneovaginal fistula after hysterectomy (case report) 727

Peyronie's disease

combined vitamin E and colchicine treatment 522

fibrin as inducer of fibrosis in tunica albuginea of rat 830

penile epithelioid sarcoma and: case for histopathological diagnosis 519

transdermal electromotive administration of verapamil and examethasone 825

PHARMACEUTICAL REVIEWS

ADAM and the andropause 883

Gene therapy 421

National Institutes of Health-sponsored MTOPS study 291

New drugs to be launched globally 115

Phosphodiesterase inhibitor ‘war’ 573

The genesis of a phyto-pharmaceutical industry (Mark II) 721

Phentolamine, relaxant effects on rabbit isolated corpus cavernosum 873

Phosphodiesterase inhibitors (pharmaceutical review) 573

Phyto-pharmaceuticals (pharmaceutical review) 721

Pica disease, acute urinary retention in child (case report) [Web]

Piercing of genitals 245

Pituitary gland, effects of castration, gonadotrophin-releasing hormone antagonist and agonist treatment on GnRH receptors 227

Polycythaemia, finasteride (case report) [Web]

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

investigation of Helicobacter pylori in specimens from interstitial cystitis patients 814

reverse transcription, detection of telomerase status in bladder carcinomas 567

Polyuria, nocturnal, elderly 45

Potassium channel openers, ATP-sensitive, evaluation of potency and bladder—vascular selectivity in rats 284

Povidone iodine instillation, treatment and prevention of lymphocele after renal transplantation (point of technique) 296

PREDICT trial (comment) 591

Preputioplasty see Glanular reconstruction and preputioplasty

Priapism, high-flow, following injury to bilateral cavernosal artery in patient with low-flow priapism (case report) [Web]

Prostate

abscess, metastatic bacterial endophthalmitis from (case report) [Web]

banking of fresh-frozen tissue 315

benign hyperplasia see Benign prostatic hyperplasia

biopsy

control of rectal bleeding after transrectal ultrasonography-guided biopsy (case report) [Web]

differences between cancers in transition and peripheral zones 477

extended needle biopsies in diagnosis of prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia 350

transrectal ultrasonography-guided, morbidity in patients after continued use of aspirin 798

transrectal ultrasonography-guided, pericapsular lignocaine for pain reduction (letters to editor) 583, 584

ethanol chemoablation via transurethral and transperineal injection 94

intravesical protrusion, bladder outlet obstruction and 371

MUC1 expression in cell lines and tissue 278

neuroendocrine differentiation 438

spontaneous regeneration of seriously injured sympathetic pathway 868

stent placement under real-time transrectal ultrasonography monitoring (point of technique) 577

transurethral electrovaporization, comparison with neodymium:YAG for benign prostatic hyperplasia 801

transurethral resection see Transurethral resection of prostate

ventral, effects of castration and gonadotrophin-releasing hormone antagonist and agonist treatment on GnRH receptors 227

Prostate cancer

adenocarcinoma

ductal, combined chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin (case report) [Web]

immunostained for carbohydrate antigen 125 and carcinoembryonic antigen (case report) 298

metastatic, with testicular mass and cutaneous nodules (case report) [Web]

angiogenesis, evaluation using colour Doppler ultrasonography 223

bone scintigraphy as follow-up in localized disease managed by watchful waiting 613

cell growth modulation by adipocyte—cancer cell interaction 716

cell salvage during radical retropubic prostatectomy, influence on cancer recurrence 474

chemosensitization with antisense agents targeting type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor 271

decisional regret and quality of life after participating in decision making for early-stage disease 14

diagnosis, significance of high prostate-specific antigen levels in Middle Eastern men 618

early, opportunities and outcomes (comment) 177

familial risk, systematic review and meta-analysis 789

fear of, patients with lower urinary tract symptoms, case for screening 30

gene-chip technology (comment) 307

hormone-refractory

leech therapy for penoscrotal oedema (case report) 579

role of interleukin-6 545

metastatic

adenocarcinoma with testicular mass and cutaneous nodules (case report) [Web]

bone see Bone metastases, prostate cancer

health-related quality of life, effect of lead-time bias 9

unusual presentation (case report) [Web]

MUC1 expression 278

neuroendocrine differentiation 438

NF-κB nuclear localization and 417

obesity and 482

prevention

chemoprevention (comment) 589

selenium supplementation and 608

prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia as diagnosed by extended needle biopsies 350

role of tomatoes/lycopene in diet (comment) 307

screening

effects on prognosis (letter to editor) 585

patients with lower urinary tract symptoms 30

problems with PSA screening in primary healthcare setting in South Africa 785

treatment

antiandrogen monotherapy 455

bicalutamide 455, 465 (comment)

brachytherapy, corticosteroid use to reduce acute urinary retention risk 345

cancer control benefits of excision of neurovascular bundle on the side of positive biopsy 219

combined chemotherapy for ductal adenocarcinoma with 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin (case report) [Web]

complementary medicine, motivations and influences on use 603

digital rectal examination after radical prostatectomy is unnecessary if PSA is undetectable (point of technique) 887

hormonal manipulation and interstitial brachytherapy, effect on biochemical outcome 23

hormonal therapy, primary, localized or locally advanced disease 33

hormonal therapy adjuvant to radical radiotherapy for locally advanced disease (comment) 6

improvement in urinary symptoms after radical prostatectomy 795

intermittent androgen suppression 18

radical prostatectomy vs watchful waiting (comment) 5

recent trends in use of radical prostatectomy in England 331

urodynamic findings 3 months after external beam radiotherapy (letter to editor) 731

zonal differences in biopsy features of cancers in transition and peripheral zones 477

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)

high serum levels in absence of prostate cancer, in Middle Eastern men 618

prostate cancer screening in primary healthcare setting in South Africa 785

Prostatectomy

neodymium:YAG, comparison with transurethral electrovaporization of prostate in benign prostatic hyperplasia 801

radical

chronic prostatitis (case report) [Web]

comparison with watchful waiting, prostate cancer (comment) 5

digital rectal examination is unnecessary after prostatectomy if PSA is undetectable (point of technique) 887

laparoscopic (endoscopic) 749

recent trends in use, England 331

robotic retropubic (comment) 175

site-specific positive margins 219

radical approach to (letter to editor) 896

radical retropubic

effect of cell salvage on cancer recurrence 474

effect of previous laparoscopic hernia repairs (case report) 729

improvement in urinary symptoms after 795

Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) as diagnosed by extended needle biopsies, clinical management 350

Prostatitis

chronic, radical prostatectomy (case report) [Web]

eosinophilic, Churg—Strauss syndrome and (case report) [Web]

Publication, professionalism and preparation of manuscripts (comment) 4

Pulmonary embolism, attempted prevention with aspirin and PC-SPES (case report) [Web]

Pyelogram, double-dose intravenous, to delineate urethral stricture disease (case report) [Web]

Pyoderma gangrenosum of penis (case report) [Web]

Pyrexia of unknown origin in bladder carcinoma (case report) [Web]

Quality control, urodynamics 201

Quality of life

assessment in children and adolescents 150

following prostatectomy for benign prostatic hypertrophy 196

health-related, metastatic prostate cancer, effect of lead-time bias 9

prostate cancer, and decisional regret after participating in decision making for early-stage disease 14

use and misuse of concept in evaluating surgical treatments for LUTS 380

Radiotherapy, prostate cancer, effect on urodynamic function (letter to editor) 731

Rectal carcinoma, ureteric metastases (case report) [Web]

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC)

contralateral adrenal metastasis 775

hand-assisted laparoscopic vs open (flank incision) radical nephrectomy 341

nonsurgical management, outcome and survival 600

pulmonary metastases, spontaneous regression (case report) [Web]

screening using ultrasonography 595

staging accuracy, number of lymph nodes examined 37

thymidine phosphorylase levels as prognostic factor 105

von Hippel—Lindau disease and (case report) 425

Renal failure

effects on erectile dysfunction in rabbit model 697

inguinoscrotal herniation of bladder and (case report) [Web]

Renal pelvis cancer

nephrostomy tract tumour seeding, squamous cell carcinoma (case report) [Web]

overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2, transitional cell carcinoma 109

role of RhoA in lymph node metastasis 234

Renal sinus haemangioma with inferior vena cava involvement (case report) [Web]

Renal transplantation, lymphocele after, povidone iodine instillation (point of technique) 296

Renography, diuresis, dilated upper urinary tract, standardization of technique 239

RhoA small GTPase, role in invasion and lymph node metastasis in upper urinary tract cancer 234

Rotoresect, transurethral resection of prostate 65

Sacral nerve stimulation

hyperactive detrusor, signal modification in animal model 711

urinary retention 583 (letter to editor)

after hysterectomy for benign disease 497

Sacral ratio measurements to detect sacral abnormalities 540

Sarcoidosis, necrotizing, of kidney (case report) [Web]

Sarcoma

Ewing’s, extraskeletal (case report) [Web]

penile epithelioid, Peyronie's disease and: case for histopathological diagnosis 519

Screening, prostate cancer see Prostate cancer, screening

Scrotum

deep haemangioma, children (case report) [Web]

neonatal haematoma 675

neuroanatomy, surgical ramifications 393

Selenium supplementation and incidence of prostate cancer 608

Seminal vesicle cyst, congenital, prenatal diagnosis and postnatal laparoscopic excision (case report) 891

Sexual dysfunction, men with lower urinary tract symptoms and benign prostatic hyperplasia (comment) 770

Shared care, benign prostatic hyperplasia (comment) 179

Sialic acids, role in renal epithelial cell-crystal adhesion 554

Sildenafil

erectile dysfunction 446

relaxant effects on rabbit isolated corpus cavernosum 873

Skills training and skills centres (comment) 3

Spermatic cord lymphangioma in child masquerading as hydrocele (case report) [Web]

Spermatogenesis, relation of echo-colour Doppler analysis to testicular analysis (letter to editor) 897

Spinal cord injury

autonomic dysreflexia, role of capsaicin-sensitive afferents 637

detrusor external sphincter dyssynergia, mesh wallstent for 51, 897 (letter to editor)

Stents

mesh wallstent for detrusor external sphincter dyssynergia in spinal cord injury 51, 897 (letter to editor)

prostatic, placement under real-time transrectal ultrasonography monitoring (point of technique) 577

self-expandable metallic (UrolumeTM), urethral strictures: 10-year follow-up 627

ureteric

retroperitoneal laparoscopic JJ stenting (point of technique) 725

tailed, lower ureteric obstruction and (case report) 581

Stones

bladder

comparison of percutaneous and transurethral management with simultaneous transurethral prostatectomy (point of technique) 293

posterior urethral valves and (case report) [Web]

epidemiology and medical management 758

formation see Urolithiasis

kidney

artificial neural networks in predicting optimum stone fragmentation by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy 821

role of cell-surface matrix proteins and sialic acids in cell-crystal adhesion 554

ureteric, comparison of ESWL and ureteroscopy (comment) 771

Surgical skills training (comment) 3

Survey, postal, urinary symptoms, investigation into nonresponse bias 631

Tadalafil, erectile dysfunction 448, 466 (comment)

Tamsulosin, benign prostatic hyperplasia 41

Telomerase status in bladder carcinomas, detection by semiquantitative and in situ assays and by real-time reverse transcription-polymerse chain reaction 567

Tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) see Vaginal tape, tension-free

Testes

chronic pain 435

growth following varicocele repair in adolescents 75

inguinal exploration and testicular-sparing surgery for selected testicular lesions 337

intermittent pain in children 406

nonseminomatous germ cell tumours, postchemotherapy thoracotomy 469

torsion

distinguishing from neonatal scrotal haematoma 675

intermittent: fixation of testes 406

masturbation and (case report) [Web]

undescended see Cryptorchidism

Testicular artery, echo-colour Doppler analysis, relation to spermatogenesis (letter to editor) 897

Testosterone, gel formulation, normalization of androgen levels in hypogonadal men 69

Thermotherapy, transurethral microwave

comparison with drug treatment, benign prostatic hyperplasia 131, 732 (letter to editor)

high-energy 365

Thoracotomy, postchemotherapy, nonseminomatous germ cell tumours 469

Thymidine phosphorylase levels in renal cell carcinoma 105

Tolterodine

and simplified bladder training in overactive bladder 54

use in children after oxybutynin failure 398

Tomatoes and prostate cancer (comment) 307

Topoisomerase-IIα as prognostic factor for transitional cell carcinoma of bladder 489

Training

female bladder care 208

surgical skills/skills centres (comment) 3

urological 739, 740

Transfusion, cell salvage, during radical retropubic prostatectomy, influence on cancer recurrence 474

Transplantation, renal see Renal transplantation

Transurethral electrovaporization of prostate, benign prostatic hyperplasia, comparison with transurethral resection 211

Transurethral resection of prostate (TURP)

comparison with transurethral electrovaporization 211

preoperative urodynamic and symptom evaluation: variables relevant to outcome 375

Rotoresect 65

simultaneous cystolithotripsy, comparison of percutaneous and transurethral techniques (point of technique) 293

Tuberculosis, penile, after intravesical BCG instillation (case report) [Web]

Tunica albuginea, role of fibrin in fibrosis induction 830

Ultrasound

Doppler see Doppler ultrasound

endoluminal, before retrograde endopyelotomy 389

renal cell carcinoma screening 595

transrectal, placement of prostatic stent (point of technique) 577

Upper urinary tract

cancer, role of RhoA in lymph node metastasis 234

dilated, standardization of technique for renographic evaluation 239

effects of benzalkonium chloride treatment on intramural innervation 683

Urachus, coexistence of urachal and dorsal urethral anomalies (case report) [Web]

Ureter

bilateral Cohen reimplantation under a common submucosal tunnel 853

cancer

metastases from rectal carcinoma (case report) [Web]

role of RhoA in lymph node metastasis 234

transitional cell, hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer and (case report) 297

lower, obstruction as complication of tailed ureteric stents (case report) 581

reconstruction 138

right common iliac artery pseudoaneurysm—ureteric fistula (case report) 890

stenting

obstruction of lower ureter as complication of tailed stents (case report) 581

retroperitoneal laparoscopic JJ stenting (point of technique) 725

stones see Stones, ureteric

transitional cell carcinoma, overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 109

Ureteroceles, duplex system, diagnostic imaging for histological lesions of upper poles 678

Ureterocystoplasty, laparoscopically-assisted, children 525

Ureteroscopy, ureteric stones (comment) 771

Urethra

caruncle (case report) [Web]

coexistence of urachal and dorsal urethral anomalies (case report) [Web]

duplication

collateral duplication in frontal plane (case report) [Web]

presenting in adult female (case report) [Web]

intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia in urethral mass (case report) [Web]

neural control 743

posterior injuries and Mitrofanoff principle in children 402

primary carcinoid tumour (case report) [Web]

squamous cell carcinoma in diverticulum (case report) [Web]

Urethral strictures

anterior, substitution urethroplasty 215

double-dose intravenous pyelogram voiding urography to delineate disease (case report) [Web]

self-exapanding metallic stent insertion: 10-year follow-up 627

Urethral valves, posterior

prognostic factors 687

vesicolithiasis and (case report) [Web]

Urethroplasty

end-to-end, long-term results (letter to editor) 302

healing of unstented tubularized incised plate urethroplasty 84

hypospadias repair, spongioplasty and separation of corpora cavernosa 528

substitution, anterior urethral strictures, comparison of techniques 215

urinary retention due to ‘egg-shell’ encrustation over a Foley balloon (case report) [Web]

Uric acid and urate stones 759

Urinary diversions

bowel in, metabolic and functional consequences 143

effects of ileocaecal urinary reservoir (Charleston 1 pouch) on serum vitamin B12 concentrations 653

Urinary tract

lower see Lower urinary tract

upper see Upper urinary tract

Urinary tract infection (UTI)

catheter-associated, prevalence of uropathogens and pattern of antimicrobial resistance 806

circumcision and (letter to editor) 429

Urine retention

acute retention

after hysterectomy for benign disease 497

after MDMA abuse (case report) 123

after prostate brachytherapy, corticosteroid use for 345

child with pica disease (case report) [Web]

sacral neuromodulation, functional retention (letter to editor) 583

women (comment) 463

Urodynamics

audit of standardization of practice in West Midlands, UK (letter to editor) 430

effects of radiotherapy in prostate cancer patients (letter to editor) 731

estimation of glomerular filtration rate and bladder capacity for specific individuals 255

quality control 201

rat neurogenic bladder model with unilateral electrolytic lesion of basal forebrain 861

Urogenital sinus, persistent, with bladder agenesis and absence of vagina (case report) [Web]

Urography, double-dose intravenous pyelogram, to delineate stricture disease (case report) [Web]

Urolithiasis 758

posterior urethral valves and (case report) [Web]

prediction by discriminant analysis and artificial neural networks in genetic polymorphisms 661

role of cell-surface matrix proteins and sialic acids in cell-crystal adhesion 554

Urology in perspective 737

Uroplakins, urothelium of patients with bladder outlet obstruction 507

Vagina, absence, persistent urogenital sinus and (case report) [Web]

Vaginal leak after hysterectomy (case report) 727

Vaginal tape, tension-free

correlation between preoperative voiding mechanism and surgical outcome 502

delayed transvesical removal with maintenance of continence (case report) [Web]

obturator nerve injury and (case report) [Web]

Vaginoplasty, posterior-based omega-shaped flap, congenital adrenal hyperplasia caused by 21-hydroxylase deficiency 263

Vardenafil, erectile dysfunction 448

Varicocele

oligoasthenospermia and, medical therapy 513

repair in adolescents, testicular growth and gonadotrophin response in 75

Vasectomy reversal management, questionnaire-based survey 839

Vena cava, inferior

renal sinus haemangioma and (case report) [Web]

transitional cell carcinoma of kidney in (case report) [Web]

Verapamil, transdermal electromotive administration, Peyronie's disease 825

Vesico-ureteric reflux (VUR)

bilateral Cohen ureteric reimplantation under a common submucosal tunnel 853

detection in children by colour-flow Doppler ultrasonography 856

Vesicostomy, occlusion, functional bladder evaluation (point of technique) 117

Virilizing adrenocortical tumours, pure testosterone-producing, young women (case report) [Web]

Vitamin B12, effect of ileocaecal urinary reservoir on serum levels 653

Vitamin E and colchicine, Peyronie's disease 522

Voiding

electronic diary 647

preoperative mechanism and surgical outcome of tension-free vaginal tape procedure 502

von Hippel—Lindau disease, renal cell carcinoma and (case report) 425

Zoledronic acid in management of skeletal events in prostate cancer (comment) 464