Volume contents


i  Editor's comment


1 Reducing human error in urology: lessons from aviation J.P. COXON, S.H. PATTISON, J.W. PARKS, P.K. STEVENSON and R.S. KIRBY

3 Surgical skills training and the role of skills centres R.J. DAVIES and J.M. HAMDORF

4 Professionalism, publication and the preparation of papers R. GRANGE

5 Radical prostatectomy or watchful waiting? R.S. KIRBY and J.M. FITZPATRICK

6 Hormonal therapy as an adjuvant to radical radiotherapy for locally advanced prostate cancer C. PARKER and D. DEARNALEY

Urological Oncology

9 Health-related quality of life in men with metastatic prostate cancer: the misleading effect of lead-time bias M.S. LITWIN, C.S. SAIGAL, D.P. LUBECK, Y.-P. LI, J.M. HENNING and P.R. CARROLL

14 Decisional regret and quality of life after participating in medical decision-making for early-stage prostate cancer B.J. DAVISON and S.L. GOLDENBERG

18 Intermittent androgen suppression in patients with prostate cancer A. De La TAILLE, M. ZERBIB, S. CONQUY, D. AMSELLEM-OUAZANA, N. THIOUNN, T.A. FLAM and B. DEBRÉ

23 Does hormonal manipulation in conjunction with permanent interstitial brachytherapy, with or without supplemental external beam irradiation, improve the biochemical outcome for men with intermediate or high-risk prostate cancer? G.S. MERRICK, W.M. BUTLER, R.W. GALBREATH, J.H. LIEF and E. ADAMOVICH

30 The fear of prostate cancer in men with lower urinary tract symptoms: should symptomatic men be screened? C.T. BROWN, E. OFLYNN, J. VANDERMEULEN, S. NEWMAN, A.R. MUNDY and M. EMBERTON

33 A prospective and randomized study of primary hormonal therapy for patients with localized or locally advanced prostate cancer unsuitable for radical prostatectomy: results of the 5-year follow-up H. AKAZA, Y. HOMMA, K. OKADA, M. YOKOYAMA, M. USAMI, Y. HIRAO, T. TSUSHIMA, Y. OHASHI, Y. ASO and the Prostate Cancer Study Group

37 The number of lymph nodes examined and staging accuracy in renal cell carcinoma C. TERRONE, S. GUERCIO, S. DELUCA, M. POGGIO, E. CASTELLI, C. SCOFFONE, R. TARABUZZI, R.M. SCARPA, D. FONTANA and S. ROCCAROSSETTI

Lower Urinary Tract

41 A randomized, double-blind crossover study of tamsulosin and controlled-release doxazosin in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia R.S. KIRBY

45 Differences between nocturics and non-nocturics in voiding patterns: an analysis of frequency-volume charts from community-dwelling elderly A. REMBRATT, J.P. NORGAARD and K.-E. andERSSON

51 The mesh wallstent in the treatment of detrusor external sphincter dyssynergia in men with spinal cord injury: a 12-year follow-up R. HAMID, M. ARYA, H.R.H. PATEL and P.J.R. SHAH

54 Simplified bladder training augments the effectiveness of tolterodine in patients with an overactive bladder A. MATTIASSON, J. BLAAKAER, K. HØYE, A.J. WEIN and the Tolterodine Scandinavian Study Group

61 Day-case holmium laser enucleation of the prostate for gland volumes of < 60 mL: early experience T.R.G. LARNER, D. AGARWAL and A.J. COSTELLO

65 Rotoresect for bloodless transurethral resection of the prostate: a 4-year follow-up M.S. MICHEL, T. KNOLL, L. TROJAN, K.U. KÖHRMANN and P. ALKEN


69 A novel testosterone gel formulation normalizes androgen levels in hypogonadal men, with improvements in body composition and sexual function T.A. MCNICHOLAS, J.D. DEAN, H. MULDER, C. CARNEGIE and N.A. JONES

Paediatric Urology

75 Testicular growth and gonadotrophin response associated with varicocele repair in adolescent males H. FISCH, G. HYUN and T.W. HENSLE

79 Enterocystoplasty in childhood: a second look at the effect on growth E.W. GERHARZ, M. PREECE, P.G. DUFFY, P.G. RANSLEY, R. LEAVER and C.R.J. WOODHOUSE

84 Healing of unstented tubularized incised plate urethroplasty: an experimental study in a rabbit model A.T. HAFEZ, D. HERZ, D. BÄGLI, C.R. SMITH, G. MCLORIE and A.E. KHOURY

Basic Science

89 The role of the human bladder lamina propria myofibroblast O.J. WISEMAN, C.J. FOWLER and D.N. LandON

94 Intraprostatic ethanol chemoablation via transurethral and transperineal injection M.K. PLANTE, A.L. GROSS, J. KLIMENTJR, M. KIDA and P. ZVARA

99 Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in bladder cancer: the induction of MMP9 by epidermal growth factor and its detection in urine J.E. NUTT, G.C. DURKAN, J.K. MELLON and J. LUNEC

105 Thymidine phosphorylase levels as a prognostic factor in renal cell carcinoma S. WADA, R. YOSHIMURA, T. NAGANUMA, N. YOSHIDA, K. NARITA and S. IKEMOTO

109 Overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 in high-grade human transitional cell carcinoma of the upper urinary tract S. OKU, M. HIGASHI, Y. IMAZONO, K. SUEYOSHI, H. ENOKIDA, H. KUBO, S. YONEZAWA and T. SHIRAHAMA

115 pharmaceutical review

Point of Technique

117 Functional bladder evaluation with temporary vesicostomy occlusion in the home situation J.G.L. COBUSSEN-BOEKHORST, J. POSTMA, R.P.E. DEGIER and W.F.J. FEITZ

Case Reports

121 Primitive neuroectodermal tumour of the kidney with spontaneous regression of pulmonary metastases after nephrectomy Y. WADA, T. YAMAGUCHI, T. KUWAHARA, Y. SUGIYAMA, H. KIKUKAWA and S. UEDA

123 ’The agony and the ecstasy’: acute urinary retention after MDMA abuse D.S. INMAN and D. GREENE

124 Case reports on the web

Delayed transvesical removal of a perforated tension-free vaginal tape, with maintenance of continence K.S. WONG and I.C. LAW

A lymph node metastasis from a ’burned-out’ germ cell tumour presenting as an inguinal mass C. GHYSEL, D. PONETTE, R. OYEN, A. VANOOSTEROM and H. VANPOPPEL

De-inversion of an inverted appendectomy for the Malone procedure O. ERGUN, A. CELIK, N. CORDUK, I. ULMAN and A. AVANOGLU

Vesicolithiasis associated with posterior urethral valves R. BABU and K.A.R. HUTTON

Chronic penoscrotal oedema: a presenting sign for Crohn's disease D.A. VARDY, A.D. COHEN, T. TCHETOV, E. CAGNANO and S. NAIMER

High-flow priapism caused by injury of the bilateral cavernosal artery after needle trauma in a patient with low-flow priapism J.K. PARK, Y.B. JEONG, Y.M. HAN and H.J. KIM

Transient hyperparathyroidism after orthotopic bladder replacement J.-P. MEYERS, S. EVANS, J. FARNDON and D. GILLAT

Pure testosterone-producing virilizing adrenocortical tumours in young women U.B. CHAUDHARY, M.A. BISSADA, K.L. HERMAYER and N.K. BISSADA

Obturator nerve injury complicating a tension-free vaginal tape S.H. LEE, J.H. JUNG, W.S. CHUNG, Y.Y. PARK and H. YOON

Adult presentation of complete female urethral duplication J.M. ELMORE, T.S. WILSON and P.E. ZIMMERN

125 letters

127 Abbreviations

128 diary


131 Heat versus drugs in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia B. DJAVAN, C. SEITZ and M. MARBERGER


143 Metabolic and functional consequences of urinary reconstruction with bowel E.W. GERHARZ, W.H. TURNER, T. KÄLBLE and C.R.J. WOODHOUSE

150 Current approaches to assessing the quality of life in children and adolescents E.W. GERHARZ, C. EISER and C.R.J. WOODHOUSE

155 Correct answers to multiple choice questions appearing in the European Urology Update Series 2002


i  Editor's comment


175 Robotic radical retropubic prostatectomy M. MENON

176 Penile prostheses: are they still relevant? C.C. CARSON

177 Opportunities and outcomes in early prostate cancer: a commentary on policy, patient perspectives, trials and strategies M.R. FENELEY and S. BREWSTER

179 How is shared-care growing up? W.D. DUNSMUIR and M.G. KIRBY

Lower Urinary Tract

181 Incidence of physician-diagnosed interstitial cystitis in Olmsted County: a community-based study R.O. ROBERTS, E.J. BERGSTRALH, S.E. BASS, D.J. LIGHTNER, M.M. LIEBER and S.J. JACOBSEN

186 The efficacy of an abbreviated model of the International Prostate Symptom Score in evaluating benign prostatic hyperplasia K. CAM, F. SENEL, Y. AKMAN and A. EROL

190 Productivity, vitality and utility in a group of healthy professionally active individuals with nocturia G. KOBELT, F. BORGSTRÖM and A. MATTIASSON

196 Urinary symptoms, quality of life and sexual function in patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy before and after prostatectomy: a prospective study M. GACCI, R. BARTOLETTI, S. FIGLIOLI, E. SARTI, B. EISNER, V. BODDI and M. RIZZO

201 Quality control in urodynamics: a review of urodynamic traces from one centre J. SULLIVAN, P. LEWIS, S. HOWELL, T. WILLIAMS, A.M. SHEPHERD and P. ABRAMS

208 Knowledge of female bladder care among medical staff, nurses and midwives: results of a questionnaire survey A. WILLIAMS, K. TAYLOR, C. BATES, D.G. TINCELLO and D.H. RICHMOND

211 Transurethral electrovaporization of the prostate: is it any better than conventional transurethral resection of the prostate? R.J. MCALLISTER, O. KARIM, R.O. PLAIL, D.R. SAMRA, M.J. STEGGALL, Q. YANG and C.G. FOWLEW

215 Substitution urethroplasty for anterior urethral strictures: a critical appraisal of various techniques D. DUBEY, A. KUMAR, P. BANSAL, A. SRIVASTAVA, R. KAPOOR, A. MandHANI and M. BHandARI

Urological Oncology

219 Site-specific positive margins at radical prostatectomy: assessing cancer-control benefits of wide excision of the neurovascular bundle on a side with cancer on biopsy E.L. PARK, B. DALKIN, C. ESCOBAR and R.B. NAGLE

223 Transrectal colour Doppler ultrasonography for quantifying angiogenesis in prostate cancer K. SHIGENO, M. IGAWA, H. SHIINA, H. KISHI and S. URAKAMI

227 The clinical implications of the difference between castration, gonadotrophin releasing-hormone (GnRH) antagonists and agonist treatment on the morphology and expression of GnRH receptors in the rat ventral prostate Å. TIEVA, A. BERGH and J.-E. DAMBER

234 RhoA is associated with invasion and lymph node metastasis in upper urinary tract cancer T. KAMAI, S. KAWAKAMI, F. KOGA, G. ARAI, K. TAKAGI, K. ARAI, T. TSUJII and K-I. YOSHIDA

Upper Urinary Tract

239 Standardization of the renogram technique for investigating the dilated upper urinary tract and assessing the results of surgery P.H. OREILLY


245 The urologist's guide to genital piercing W.R. ANDERSON, D.J. SUMMERTON, D.M. SHARMA and S.A. HOLMES

252 Serum leptin levels in patients with premature ejaculation before and after citalopram treatment M. ATMACA, M. KULOGLU, E. TEZCAN, B. USTUNDAG and A. SEMERCIOZ

Paediatric Urology

255 Estimation of glomerular filtration rate and bladder capacity: the effect of maturation, ageing, gender and size E.F. WAHL, T.T. LAHDES-VASAMA and B.M. CHURCHILL

263 A posterior-based omega-shaped flap vaginoplasty in girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia caused by 21-hydroxylase deficiency L.G. FREITASFILHO, J. CARNEVALE, C.E.R. MELO, M. LAKS and M. CALCAGNOSILVA

268 Glanular reconstruction and preputioplasty repair for distal hypospadias: a unique day-case method to avoid urethral stenting and preserve the prepuce J. GRAY and V.E. BOSTON

Basic Science

271 Chemosensitization of human prostate cancer using antisense agents targeting the type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor G.O. HELLAWELL, D.J.P. FERGUSON, S.F. BREWSTER and V.M. MACAULAY

278 MUC1 expression, splice variant and short form transcription (MUC1/Z, MUC1/Y) in prostate cell lines and tissue I.C. SCHUT, P.M. WATERFALL, M. ROSS, C. OSULLIVAN, W.R. MILLER, F.K. HABIB and C.W. BAYNE

284 In vivo evaluation of the potency and bladder-vascular selectivity of the ATP-sensitive potassium channel openers (–)-cromakalim, ZD6169 and WAY-133537 in rats A.C. FABIYI, M. GOPALAKRISHNAN, J.J. LYNCHIII, J.D. BRIONI, M.J. COGHLAN and M.E. BRUNE

291 pharmaceutical review

Points of Technique

293 Comparison of percutaneous with transurethral cystolithotripsy in patients with large prostates and large vesical calculi undergoing simultaneous transurethral prostatectomy M. ARON, M.S. AGARWAL and A. GOEL

296 Instillation of povidone iodine to treat and prevent lymphocele after renal transplantation D. CHandRASEKARAN, R.M. MEYYAPPAN and T. RAJARAMAN

Case Reports

297 Multifocal transitional cell carcinoma in a patient with hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer E. ONG, J.V. JOSEPH, S.P. BRAMWELL and N.E. HAITES

298 Adenocarcinoma of the prostate immunostained for carbohydrate antigen 125 and carcinoembryonic antigen H. KIYOKAWA, M. KOYAMA and H. KATO

300 Case reports on the web

Penile paraffinoma and a novel treatment N. CHOUDHURY, J.D. FRAME and H.J.ELEWI

Squamous cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis: nephrostomy tract tumour seeding C. CORVINO, E. MELIANI, L. MASIERI, A. LAPINI, S. SERNI and M. CARINI

Penile tuberculosis after intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin instillation R. MANIKandAN, S. SRIRANGAM, D. VICKERS, P.H. OREILLY and S.C.W. BROWN

Radical prostatectomy for chronic prostatitis R.B. ALEXANDER

An unusual cause of acute urinary retention in a child with pica disease H. BASAR, E. BATISLAM, E. YILMAZ, M.M. BASAR and R. TOPRAK

Primary urethral carcinoid tumour C. ALVAREZ, I. ANTON, J.A. ORTIZ-REY, P. SANMIGUEL and F. MEIJIDE

An unusual presentation of metastatic prostate cancer A.J. KOUPPARIS, A. THOMAS, M. BROWN and M. WRIGHT

Metastatic bacterial endophthalmitis from a prostatic abscess S. BHAT, M. FASSALUDEEN, A. THOMAS and J. CHERIAN

Ureteric metastases from rectal carcinoma K.J. HO, B.T. LITTLE, M.R.A. YOUNG and J. SOMERVILLE

Müllerianosis of the urinary bladder S. ISLAM, J.J.W. TUMMAN, R.F.T. MCMAHON and S.R. PAYNE

301 letters

304 diary

306 Abbreviations


i  Editor's comment


307 Gene-chip technology and prostate cancer: the identification of new genes regulating tumour progression R.W.G. WATSON

307 The tomato: an important part of the urologist's diet? N. BARBER

309 Early ejaculation M.P. OLEARY

310 The use of bisphosphonates in prostate cancer G.M. OADES

311 The andropause: bare facts for urologists A. MORALES

Urological Oncology

315 Banking of fresh-frozen prostate tissue: methods, validation and use A.C.P. RIDDICK, C. BARKER, I. SHERIFFS, R. BASS, V. ELLIS, K.K. SETHIA, D.R. EDWARDS and R.Y. BALL

325 Time after surgery, symptoms and well-being in survivors of urinary bladder cancer L. HENNINGSOHN, H. WIJKSTRÖM, J. PEDERSEN, C. AHLSTRAND, G. AUS, K. BERGMARK, E. ONELÖV and G. STEINECK

331 Recent trends in the use of radical prostatectomy in England: the epidemiology of diffusion S.E. OLIVER, J.L. DONOVAN, T.J. PETERS, S. FRANKEL, F.C. HAMDY and D.E. NEAL

337 Testicular-sparing surgery: a reasonable option in selected patients with testicular lesions M. PASSARELLA, M.F. USTA, T.J. BIVALACQUA, W.J.G. HELLSTROM and R. DAVIS

341 Hand-assisted laparoscopic vs the open (flank incision) approach to radical nephrectomy E. BUSBY, S. DAS, H.S.G. RAOTUNUGUNTLA and C.P. EVANS

345 Corticosteroid use after prostate brachytherapy reduces the risk of acute urinary retention D.E. SACCO, M. DALLER, J.A. GROCELA, R.K. BABAYAN and A.L. ZIETMAN

350 Clinical management of prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia as diagnosed by extended needle biopsies I.F. SANFRANCISCO, A.F. OLUMI, J. KAO, S. ROSEN and W.C. DEWOLF

Lower Urinary Tract

355 The role of neuromodulation in the management of urinary urge incontinence P. ABRAMS, J.G. BLAIVAS, C.J. FOWLER, J.L. FOURCROY, S.A. MACDIARMID, S.W. SIEGEL and P. VANKERREBROECK

360 A prospective evaluation of detrusor ultrastructural changes in bladder outlet obstruction R.D. BRIERLY, R.G. HINDLEY, E. MCLARTY, D.M. HARDING and P.J. THOMAS

365 High-energy transurethral microwave thermotherapy: symptomatic vs urodynamic success Y. OSMAN, B. WADIE, T. EL-DIASTY and T. LARSON

371 Correlation of intravesical prostatic protrusion with bladder outlet obstruction S.J. CHIA, C.T. HENG, S.P. CHAN and K.T. FOO

375 Preoperative urodynamic and symptom evaluation of patients undergoing transurethral prostatectomy: analysis of variables relevant for outcome O.W. HAKENBERG, C.B. PINNOCK and V.R. MARSHALL

380 Use and misuse of the concept of quality of life in evaluating surgical treatments for lower urinary tract symptoms J. HALTBAKK, B.R. HANESTAD and S. HUNSKAAR

Upper Urinary Tract

389 Endoluminal ultrasonography before retrograde endopyelotomy: can the results match laparoscopic pyeloplasty? J. PARKIN, S. EVANS, P.V.S. KUMAR, A.G. TIMONEY and F.X. KEELEYJR

Paediatric Urology

393 The neuroanatomy of the human scrotum: surgical ramifications S. YUCEL and L.S. BASKIN

398 The use of tolterodine in children after oxybutynin failure S. BOLDUC, J. UPADHYAY, J. PAYTON, D.J. BÄGLI, G.A. MCLORIE, A.E. KHOURY and W. FARHAT

402 Posterior urethral injuries and the Mitrofanoff principle in children L.G. FREITASFILHO, J. CARNEVALE, A.R. MELOFILHO, N.C. VICENTE, A.C. HEINISCH and J.L. MARTINS

406 Intermittent testicular pain: fix the testes S. KAMALEDEEN and R. SURANA

Basic Science

409 Loss of CD38 correlates with simultaneous up-regulation of human leukocyte antigen-DR in benign prostatic glands, but not in fetal or androgen-ablated glands, and is strongly related to gland atrophy G. KRAMER, G.E. STEINER, P. SOKOL, R. MALLONE, G. AMANN and M. MARBERGER

417 NF-κB nuclear localization and its prognostic significance in prostate cancer L. LESSARD, A.-M. MES-MASSON, L. LAMARRE, L. WALL, J.-B. LATTOUF and F. SAAD

421 pharmaceutical review

Point of Technique

423 A novel technique for ureteric access in ileal conduits N. SANTOSHI, P. NILESH, S. PRAKASH, D. DEVENDRA, J. ANAND and V. SRINIVAS

Case Reports

425 A type 2B von Hippel-Lindau family masquerading as a metastatic sporadic renal cell carcinoma T. ANDRÉ, C. BOSSARD, B. GATTEGNO, P.F. PLOUIN, G. BENOIT and S. RICHARD

427 Elastosis perforans serpiginosa of the penis M.A.B. ROEST and R. RATNAVEL

428 Case reports on the Web

Churg–Strauss syndrome and eosinophilic prostatitis A. RAZA, E.K. ONG, T. PALMER and S.P. BRAMWELL

Renal failure with inguinoscrotal herniation of the bladder H. WALLERand, E. CHABANNES, S. BERNARDINI, G. GUICHARD and H. BITTARD

A novel way of controlling rectal bleeding after transrectal ultrasonography-guided prostate biopsies R. MCGREGOR, J.A. KEIR, G. WILSON and C. DAWSON

The use of aspirin with PC-SPES may not prevent pulmonary embolism S.M. BIERS and S.F. BREWSTER

Squamous cell carcinoma in a male urethral diverticulum L.C.H. LIEW, E. KESAVAN, T.P. THAMBOO and M.K. LI

Spontaneous regression of pulmonary metastases from renal cell carcinoma detected by computed tomography O.M. AL-DERWISH, M. MOKETE, N. KUPPURAJAN and S.S. MATANHELIA

A novel way to remove an usual foreign body in the urinary bladder M.I. DAULEH, A.H. MOSTAFID and C.G. EDEN

Necrotizing sarcoidosis of the kidney presenting as a renal mass M.M. WATKINS, J.H. REESE, W.A. JENSEN and R. AZZI

Spermatic cord lymphangioma in a 7-year-old child masquerading as a hydrocele S.K. RATAN, K.N. RATTAN, T. SEHGAL and S. MAGGU

429 letters

431 Abbreviations

432 diary


435 The aetiology, pathophysiology and management of chronic orchialgia M. MASARANI and R. COX

438 Neuroendocrine differentiation in human prostate tissue: is it detectable and treatable? A. SCIARRA, G. MARIOTTI, V. GENTILE, G. VORIA, A. PASTORE, S. MONTI and F. DISILVERIO

446 Pharmacological management of erectile dysfunction F. MONTORSI, A. SALONIA, F. DEHO’, A. CESTARI, G. GUAZZONI, P. RIGATTI and C. STIEF

455 The role of antiandrogen monotherapy in the treatment of prostate cancer J. ANDERSON


i  Editor's comment


463 Urinary retention in women C.J. FOWLER

464 Zoledronic acid: a new advance in managing skeletal events in prostate cancer R.S. KIRBY

465 Bicalutamide as immediate therapy either alone or as adjuvant to standard care of patients with localized or locally advanced prostate cancer: first analysis of the early prostate cancer program M.K. BRAWER

466 Tadalafil: a new treatment for erectile dysfunction S. HOLMES

Urological Oncology

469 The role of thoracotomy in managing postchemotherapy residual thoracic masses in patients with nonseminomatous germ cell tumours M.S. MCGUIRE, F. RABBANI, H. MOHSENI, M. BAINS, R. MOTZER and J. SHEINFELD

474 The use of cell salvage during radical retropubic prostatectomy: does it influence cancer recurrence? M. DAVIS, M. SOFER, O. GOMEZ-MARIN, D. BRUCK and M.S. SOLOWAY

477 Differences in biopsy features between prostate cancers located in the transition and peripheral zone H. AUGUSTIN, A. ERBERSDOBLER, M. GRAEFEN, T. JAEKEL, A. HAESE, H. HULAND and P.G. HAMMERER

482 Obesity in relation to prostate cancer risk: comparison with a population having benign prostatic hyperplasia J. IRANI, O. LEFEBVRE, F. MURAT, L. DAHMANI and B. DORÉ

485 Long-term results of orthotopic neobladder reconstruction after radical cystectomy J.N. KULKARNI, C.S. PRAMESH, S. RATHI and G.H. PANTVAIDYA

489 Human DNA topoisomerase-IIα expression as a prognostic factor for transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder R. KOREN, V. KUGEL, Y. DEKEL, Y. WEISSMAN, P.M. LIVNE and R. GAL

493 A comparison of physical examination and imaging in determining the extent of primary penile carcinoma A.P. LONT, A.P.E. BESNARD, M.P.W. GALLEE, H. VANTINTEREN and S. HORENBLAS

Lower Urinary Tract

497 Urinary retention after hysterectomy for benign disease: extended diagnostic evaluation and treatment with sacral nerve stimulation K. EVERAERT, M. DEMUYNCK, S. RIMBAUT and S. WEYERS

502 The correlation between preoperative voiding mechanism and surgical outcome of the tension-free vaginal tape procedure, with reference to quality of life A.C. WANG and M.-C. CHEN

507 Inverse expression of uroplakins and inducible nitric oxide synthase in the urothelium of patients with bladder outlet obstruction R. ROMIH, P. KOROSˇEC, K. JEZERNIK, B. SEDMAK, B. TRSˇINAR, F.-M. DENG, F.-X. LIANG and T.-T. SUN


513 Medical therapy of oligoasthenospermia associated with left varicocele G. CAVALLINI, G. BIAGIOTTI, A.P. FERRARETTI, L. GIANAROLI and G. VITALI

519 Penile epithelioid sarcoma and the case for a histopathological diagnosis in Peyronie's disease M.F. USTA, D.M. ADAMS, J.-W. ZHANG, R. DAVIS and W.J.G. HELLSTROM

522 Combined treatment with vitamin E and colchicine in the early stages of Peyronie's disease R.M. PRIETOCASTRO, M.E. LEVAVALLEJO, J.C. REGUEIROLOPEZ, F.J. ANGLADACURADO, J. ALVAREZKINDELAN and M.J. REQUENATAPIA

Paediatric Urology

525 Laparoscopically assisted ureterocystoplasty B.G. CILENTOJR, D.A. DIAMOND, C.K. YEUNG, G. MANZONI, D.P. POPPAS and T.W. HENSLE

528 Spongioplasty and separation of the corpora cavernosa for hypospadias repair H. DODAT, J.-L. LANDRY, C. SZWARC, S. CULEM, F.-J. MURAT and R. DUBOIS

532 Retroperitoneal laparoscopic vs open partial nephroureterectomy in children A. EL-GHONEIMI, W. FARHAT, S. BOLDUC, D. BAGLI, G. MCLORIE and A. KHOURY

536 Endourethral injection of bulking agents for urinary incontinence in children P. GODBOLE, R. BRYANT, A.E. MACKINNON and J.P. ROBERTS

540 The validity of sacral ratios to identify sacral abnormalities S.A. WARNE, M.L. GODLEY, C.M. OWENS and D.T. WILCOX

Basic Science

545 Interleukin-6: minor player or starring role in the development of hormone-refractory prostate cancer? N.M. CORCORAN and A.J. COSTELLO

554 Cell-surface matrix proteins and sialic acids in cell-crystal adhesion; the effect of crystal binding on the viability of human CAKI-1 renal epithelial cells G. KRAMER, G.E. STEINER, M. PRINZ-KASHANI, B. BURSA and M. MARBERGER

560 MUC1 mucin in urological malignancy D.P. SCHOLFIELD, M.S. SIMMS and M.C. BISHOP

567 Detection of telomerase status by semiquantitative and in situ assays, and by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (telomerase reverse transcriptase) assay in bladder carcinomas E. LONGCHAMPT, T. LEBRET, V. MOLINIE, I. BIECHE, H. BOTTO and R. LIDEREAU

573 pharmaceutical review

Points of Technique

575 A novel device for reconstituting and delivering intravesical chemotherapy E. McLARTY and C.B. COKER

577 Precise and simple placement of a prostatic stent under real-time transrectal ultrasonography monitoring S. KAWAKAMI, N. HYOUCHI, K. SAITO, G. ARAI, Y. FUJII and K. KIHARA

Case Reports

579 Leech therapy for penoscrotal oedema in patients with hormone-refractory prostate carcinoma J. PHILIP, D.W. ARMITAGE, K.R. PHILLIPS and N.J. PARR

581 Lower ureteric obstruction: a complication of tailed ureteric stents M.F. BULTITUDE, P. DASGUPTA, M. CYNK, J.M. GLASS and R.C. TIPTAFT

582 Case reports on the Web

A novel mutation inducing partial androgen–insensitivity syndrome with phenotypic diversity R. GOBET, M. LANG-MURITANO, T. STALLMACH and A. BIASON-LAUBER

Laparoscopic port-site metastases from bladder transitional cell carcinoma J.A. KEIR, R. MCGREGOR, A.Y. WARREN and A.G. TURNER

Life-threatening haemorrhage from an ileal conduit P. PIETRZAK, M.J.A. PERRY and M.J. BAILEY

Transitional cell carcinoma of the kidney invading the inferior vena cava, treated by excision and grafting, with a review of vena cava replacement J. ORD, M. POTTER, J. REYNARD and D. CRANSTON

Reconstruction of penile shaft amputation: is microvascular re-anastomosis mandatory? A. ÇELI·K, I·. ULMAN, C. ÖZCAN, A. AVANOGLU, A. ERDENER and A. GÖKDEMIR

Pyrexia of unknown origin associated with bladder carcinoma P.W.K. NG, M.A. KHAN and T.W. CARR

Non-metastatic primitive peripheral neuroectodermal tumour of the kidney (extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma) with vena caval tumour thrombus S.M. MURPHY, R.F.J. BROWNE, S. FINN, E. MYERS, P. CROTTY and R. GRAINGER

583 letters

586 diary

588 Abbreviations


i  Editor's comment


589 Chemoprevention for prostate cancer – the way forward? J.M. FITZPATRICK

590 Collaboration with patient advocates: unleashing a potent force K. REDMOND

591 Doxazosin and finasteride alone or in combination: the PREDICT study T.H. LYNCH

592 Why practical guidelines are required for managing BPH R. KIRBY

593 Stop those antiplatelet drugs before surgery! S. MAK and P. AMOROSO

Urological Oncology

595 Screening for renal cell carcinoma using ultrasonography: a feasibility study D. FILIPAS, C. SPIX, D. SCHULZ-LAMPEL, J. MICHAELIS, R. HOHENFELLNER, S. ROTH and J.W. THÜROFF

600 Outcome and survival with nonsurgical management of renal cell carcinoma A.D. BAIRD, K.A. WOOLFENDEN, A.D. DESMOND, M.V.P. FORDHAM and K.F. PARSONS

603 Motivations and influences on the use of complementary medicine in patients with localized prostate cancer treated with curative intent: results of a pilot study J.D. HALL, E.A. BISSONETTE, J.C. BOYD and D. THEODORESCU

608 Selenium supplementation, baseline plasma selenium status and incidence of prostate cancer: an analysis of the complete treatment period of the Nutritional Prevention of Cancer Trial A.J. DUFFIELD-LILLICO, B.L. DALKIN, M.E. REID, B.W. TURNBULL, E.H. SLATE, E.T. JACOBS, J.R. MARSHALL and L.C. CLARK, for the Nutritional Prevention of Cancer Study Group

613 Are serial bone scans useful for the follow-up of clinically localized, low to intermediate grade prostate cancer managed with watchful observation alone? B.K. YAP, R. CHOO, G. DEBOER, L. KLOTZ, C. DANJOUX and G. MORTON

618 High serum prostate-specific antigen levels in the absence of prostate cancer in Middle-Eastern men: the clinician's dilemma E.O. KEHINDE, M. SHEIKH, O.A. MOJIMONIYI, I. FRANCIS, J.T. ANIM, D. NKANSA-DWAMENA and K.A. AL-AWADI

623 Detection of bladder dysplasia using 5-aminolaevulinic acid-induced porphyrin fluorescence J.L. LandRY, A. GELET, R. BOUVIER, J.M. DUBERNARD, X. MARTIN and M. COLOMBEL

Lower Urinary Tract

627 Self-expanding stent insertion for urethral strictures: a 10-year follow-up T.F. DEVOCHT, G.E.P.M. VANVENROOIJ and T.A. BOON

631 An investigation into nonresponse bias in a postal survey on urinary symptoms H.M. DALLOSSO, R.J. MATTHEWS, C.W. MCGROTHER, M. CLARKE, S.I. PERRY, C. SHAW, C. JAGGER and the Leicestershire MRC Incontinence Study Team

637 The role of capsaicin-sensitive afferents in autonomic dysreflexia in patients with spinal cord injury Y. IGAWA, T. SATOH, H. MIZUSAWA, S. SEKI, H. KATO, O. ISHIZUKA and O. NISHIZAWA

642 Desmopressin in elderly patients with nocturia: short-term safety and effects on urine output, sleep and voiding patterns A. REMBRATT, J.P. NORGAARD and K.-E. ANDERSSON

647 Assessment of an electronic daily diary in patients with overactive bladder P. QUINN, J. GOKA and H. RICHARDSON

Reconstructive Urology

653 Intermediate effects of the ileocaecal urinary reservoir (Charleston pouch 1) on serum vitamin B12 concentrations: can vitamin B12 deficiency be prevented? H. YAKOUT and N.K. BISSADA

657 Increased urinary 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine excretion after ileal neobladder replacement H. MIYAKE, H. ETO, Y. TAKECHI, S. KAMIDONO and I. HARA

Upper Urinary Tract

661 Prediction of stone disease by discriminant analysis and artificial neural networks in genetic polymorphisms: a new method D. CHIANG, H.-C. CHIANG, W.-C. CHEN and F.-J. TSAI


667 A comparison of the International Index of Erectile Function and erectile dysfunction studies W. KASSOUF and S. CARRIER

670 Infertility despite surgery for cryptorchidism in childhood can be classified by patients with normal or elevated follicle-stimulating hormone and identified at orchidopexy D. CORTES, J. THORUP, S. LINDENBERG and J. VISFELDT

Paediatric Urology

675 Neonatal scrotal haematoma: mimicker of neonatal testicular torsion D.A. DIAMOND, J.G. BORER, C.A. PETERS, B.G. CILENTOJr, A. SORCINI, M. KAEFER and H.J. PALTIEL

678 The predictive value of diagnostic imaging for histological lesions of the upper poles in duplex systems with ureteroceles S. BOLDUC, J. UPADHYAY, R. RESTREPO, C. SHERMAN, W. FARHAT, D.J. BÄGLI, G.A. McLORIE, A.E. KHOURY and A. ELGHONEIMI

683 Effects of benzalkonium chloride treatment on the intramural innervation of the upper urinary tract U. ROLLE, B. CHERTIN and P. PURI

687 Posterior urethral valves: prognostic factors P. LOPEZPEREIRA, L. ESPINOSA, M.J. MARTINEZURRUTINA, R. LOBATO, M. NAVARRO and E. JAUREGUIZAR

Basic Science

691 Nitric oxide synthase gene transfer for erectile dysfunction in a rat model M.B. CHANCELLOR, S. TIRNEY, C.E. MATTES, E. TZENG, L.A. BIRDER, A.J. KANAI, W.C. DEGROAT, J. HUARD and N. YOSHIMURA

697 The evaluation of the effects of renal failure on erectile dysfunction in a rabbit model of chronic renal failure I. BAGCIVAN, H. KILICARSLAN, B. SARAC, G. GOKCE, S. YILDIRIM, S. AYAN and Y. SARIOGLU

702 Innervation of the detrusor muscle bundle in neurogenic detrusor overactivity M.J. DRAKE, B.P. GARDNER and A.F. BRADING

711 Improved sacral neuromodulation in the treatment of the hyperactive detrusor: signal modification in an animal model C. SEIF, E. CHERWON, F.J. MARTINEZPORTILLÓ, P. ALKEN, K.P. JÜNEMANN and P.M. BRAUN

716 Prostate cancer cell growth is modulated by adipocyte-cancer cell interaction Y. TOKUDA, Y. SATOH, C. FUJIYAMA, S. TODA, H. SUGIHARA and Z. MASAKI

721 pharmaceutical review

Points of Technique

723 Hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic radical nephrectomy P. DEKUYPER and W. OOSTERLINCK

725 A simple technique for retroperitoneal laparoscopic JJ stenting of the ureter D.D. GAUR, N.R. JOSHI, M. DUBEY and U.P. ACHARYA

Case Reports

727 An unusual cause of ’incontinence’ after hysterectomy D. ROBINSON, M. SAVVAS and L. CARDOZO

729 Laparoscopic hernia repairs may make subsequent radical retropubic prostatectomy more hazardous H. COOK, N. AFZAL and A.J. CORNABY

730 Case reports on the Web

Coexistence of urachal and dorsal urethral anomalies: a rare occurrence N. HAIDER, H. PORTER and L.J. HUSKISSON

Collateral urethral duplication in the frontal plane C.A. WALSH and D. MULVIN

Persistent urogenital sinus with bladder agenesis and absence of vagina A. SAVANELLI, C. ESPOSITO, S. TILEMIS, A. FRANZESE, J. GUYS and A. SETTIMI

Primary extraskeletal osteosarcoma of the glans penis and glanular reconstruction P.J. BASTIAN, M.E. SCHMIDT, J. VOGEL, G. STEINER, H.-P. BASTIAN and S.C. MÜLLER

Masturbation inducing synchronous bilateral testicular torsion in an adolescent F.H. ANJUM, G.M. OADES, S. RAO and T. TASSADAQ

Renal sinus haemangioma with inferior vena cava involvement S.B. BHAYANI, P.A. HUMPHREY and A.S. KIBEL

Effective combined chemotherapy for prostatic ductal adenocarcinoma: continuous venous infusion of 5-fluorouracil and low-dose consecutive cisplatin T. IGUCHI, J. UCHIDA, T. NAKAMURA, M. KAWAMURA, K. WAKASA and T. NAKATANI

Adenoid cystic carcinoma of Cowper's gland H. HISAMATSU, H. SAKAI, T. IGAWA, M. ISEKI, T. HAYASHI and H. KANETAKE

Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia in a female urethral mass A. FERNÁNDEZ-FLORES, J.M. SÁNCHEZ-MERINO, M. DEL-BARRIO, M. BOUSO and J. ALONSO-ORTÍZ

731 letters

733 Abbreviations

734 diary


737 Urology in perspective J. SHAH and H.N. WHITFIELD

743 Neural control of the urethra and development of pharmacotherapy for stress urinary incontinence M.O. FRASER and M.B. CHANCELLOR

749 Technique of laparoscopic (endoscopic) radical prostatectomy J.-U. STOLZENBURG and M.C. TRUSS

758 Epidemiology and medical management of stone disease H.-G. TISELIUS


i  Editor's comment


769 Where are the ’poster boys’ for bladder cancer? M.S. SOLOWAY

770 Sexual dysfunction in men with lower urinary tract symptoms and benign prostatic hyperplasia: an emerging link K.T. MCVARY

771 Lithotripsy for ureteric stones: throw away the ureteroscope J. OLSBURGH and J. RAMSAY

772 Urinary markers in bladder cancer M.J. BAILEY

Urological Oncology

775 Contralateral adrenal metastasis of renal cell carcinoma: treatment, outcome and a review W.K. LAU, H. ZINCKE, C.M. LOHSE, J.C. CHEVILLE, A.L. WEAVER and M.L. BLUTE

780 Identifying under-performing surgeons R. SINGH, N. SMEETON and T.S. OBRIEN

785 Problems with prostate specific antigen screening for prostate cancer in the primary healthcare setting in South Africa C.F. HEYNS, S. MATHEE, A. ISAACS, A. KHARWA, P.M. DEBEER and M.A. PRETORIUS

789 A systematic review and meta-analysis of familial prostate cancer risk L.E. JOHNS and R.S. HOULSTON

795 Improvement in urinary symptoms after radical prostatectomy: a prospective evaluation of flow rates and symptom scores J.G. MASTERS and M.L. RICE

798 Morbidity of transrectal ultrasonography-guided prostate biopsies in patients after the continued use of low-dose aspirin Z. MAAN, C.W. CUTTING, U. PATEL, S. KERRY, P. PIETRZAK, M.J.A. PERRY and R.S. KIRBY

Lower Urinary Tract

801 A 4-year follow-up of a randomized prospective study comparing transurethral electrovaporization of the prostate with neodymium: YAG laser therapy for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia M. ABDEL-KHALEK, S. EL-HAMMADY and EL-H. IBRAHIEM

806 Catheter-associated urinary tract infections: prevalence of uropathogens and pattern of antimicrobial resistance in a UK hospital (1996–2001) H.D. WAZAIT, H.R.H. PATEL, V. VEER, M. KELSEY, J.H.P. VANDERMEULEN, R.A. MILLER and M. EMBERTON

810 The acute effect of magnetic stimulation of the pelvic floor on involuntary detrusor activity during natural filling and overactive bladder symptoms H.D. BRADSHAW, A.T. BARKER, S.C. RADLEY and C.R. CHAPPLE

814 A study to detect Helicobacter pylori in fresh and archival specimens from patients with interstitial cystitis, using amplification methods M. AGARWAL and R.A. DIXON

Upper Urinary Tract

817 Laparoscopic renal biopsy: a 9-year experience K.R. SHETYE, L.R. KAVOUSSI, S. RAMAKUMAR, O.E. FUGITA and T.W. JARRETT

821 Artificial neural networks in predicting optimum renal stone fragmentation by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy: a preliminary study A. HAMID, U.S. DWIVEDI, T.N. SINGH, M. GOPIKISHORE, M. MAHMOOD, H. SINGH, V. TANDON and P.B. SINGH


825 Transdermal electromotive administration of verapamil and dexamethasone for Peyronie's disease S.M. DISTASI, A. GIANNANTONI, G. CAPELLI, E.A. JANNINI, G. VIRGILI, L. STORTI and G. VESPASIANI

830 Fibrin as an inducer of fibrosis in the tunica albuginea of the rat: a new animal model of Peyronie's disease H.H. DAVILA, M.G. FERRINI, J. RAJFER and N.F. GONZALEZ-CADAVID

839 Current practice in the management of vasectomy reversal and unobstructive azoospermia in Merseyside & North Wales: a questionnaire-based survey S. WOOD, N. MONTAZERI, Y. SAJJAD, S. TROUP, C.R. KINGSLand and D.I. LEWIS-JONES

Paediatric Urology

845 Urogynaecological and obstetric issues in women with the exstrophy-epispadias complex R.I. MATHEWS, M. GAN and J.P. GEARHART

850 The results of 15 years of consistent strategy in treating antenatally suspected pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction J. THORUP, R. JOKELA, D. CORTES and O.H. NIELSEN

853 The long-term outcome of bilateral Cohen ureteric reimplantation under a common submucosal tunnel P.A. ANDROULAKAKIS, A.A. STEFANIDIS, D.K. KARAMANOLAKIS, V. MOUTZOURIS and G. KOUSSIDIS

856 Detection of vesico-ureteric reflux in children by colour-flow Doppler ultrasonography A. KOS¸AR, A. YES¸I·LDAG˘, O. OYAR, H. PERK and U. GÜLSOY

Basic Science

861 Urodynamics in a rat neurogenic bladder model with a unilateral electrolytic lesion of the basal forebrain I. SHIMIZU, K. KAWASHIMA, D. ISHII and M. OKA

868 Spontaneous regeneration of the seriously injured sympathetic pathway projecting to the prostate over a long period in the dog T. KOBAYASHI, K. KIHARA, N. HYOCHI, H. MASUDA and K. SATO

873 Comparison of the relaxant effects of alfuzosin, phentolamine and sildenafil on rabbit isolated corpus cavernosum S. PALEA and M. BARRAS

878 Structural and ultrastructural studies of the urinary tract of mice inoculated with Lactobacillus fermentumC. SILVA de RUIZ, M. del R. REY and M.E. NADER-MACÍAS

883 pharmaceutical review

Points of Technique

885 A novel method for laparoscopic placement of Tenckhoff peritoneal dialysis catheters D. HODGSON, C. ROWBOTHAM, J.L. PETERS and S. NATHAN

887 A digital rectal examination after radical prostatectomy is unnecessary if prostate specific antigen is undetectable F. SAAD and J.-B. LATTOUF

Case Reports

889 Primary T-cell rich B-cell lymphoma of the penis: a first case G. POMARA, M.G. CUTTANO, C. TRIPODO, F. CARLINO and C. SELLI

890 Right common iliac artery pseudoaneurysm–ureteric fistula J.M. ALBANI and K.W. ANGERMEIER

891 Congenital seminal vesicle cyst: prenatal diagnosis and postnatal laparoscopic excision with an attempt to preserve fertility J.S. VALLA, L. CARFAGNA, S. TURSINI, M.A.L. MOHAIDI, N. BOSSON and H. STEYAERT

893 Pregnancy and vaginal delivery after augmentation cystoplasty V. QUENNEVILLE, D. BEURTON, L. THOMAS and E. FONTAINE

895 Case reports on the Web

Finasteride in polycythaemia S. VIEGAS, P. MALONE and F. BRITO-BABAPULLE

Metastatic adenocarcinoma of the prostate with a testicular mass and cutaneous nodules S. DANESHMAND, A.I. SHPALL and E.C. SKINNER

Pyoderma gangrenosum of the penis: an interesting penile lesion A.M. ROBINSON and C.R. CHAPPLE

’Egg-shell’ encrustation over a Foley balloon: an unusual cause of urinary retention after urethroplasty P. KUMAR, N.K. JHA, S. TEWARI, D. DALELA and K.M. SINGH

Double-dose intravenous pyelogram voiding urography to delineate stricture disease D.O. KAVANAGH, P. NEARY, M.F. OBRIEN, D.W. MULVIN and D.M. QUINLAN

Primary adenoid cystic carcinoma arising in the region of Cowper's gland D. TRNSKI, Z. CUSTOVIC, T. SORIC, B. RUZˇIC and B. KRUSˇLIN

Deep haemangioma of the scrotum as a rare presentation of scrotal mass in children P.J. STAHL, J.A. TASH and D.P. POPPAS

Urethral caruncle in a man S. SRIPRASAD, G.G. KOOIMAN, D. HOPSTER and G.H. MUIR

896 letters

899 Abbreviations

900 diary

902 Author index

914 Subject index

Volume contents