To evaluate the Snodgrass procedure for patients with hypospadias who have not undergone previous surgery and whose urethral plate is too narrow for tubularization alone.
Patients and methods
Thirty-two boys (mean age 18 months) underwent primary hypospadiac surgery performed by one surgeon (P.S.M.). Twenty-five boys had a distal hypospadias (coronal, subcoronal) and seven had a more proximal defect (penile shaft, penoscrotal). The operation involved incision of the urethral plate, which was then tubularized (Snodgrass procedure). The neourethra was then covered with a de-epithelialized pedicled dartos flap from the inner prepuce before glans and skin closure.
With a mean follow-up of 10 months (range 2–14) there were two complications; one child with a coronal hypospadias developed a fistula whist one with a penile shaft defect had complete breakdown of the neourethra. The cosmetic appearance in the other 30 patients is that of a normal slit-like terminal meatus.
Tubularization of the incised urethral plate is a safe advance in the surgery of hypospadias. We recommend it for both distal and proximal defects, in patients where the urethral plate is insufficient for tubularization alone.