• 1
    Hunt SM. The problem of quality of life. Qual Life Res 1997; 6: 20512
  • 2
    Bjerre BD, Johansen C, Steven K. Health-related quality of life after urinary diversion: Continent diversion with the Kock reservoir compared with ileal conduit. A questionnaire study. Scand J Urol Nephrol 1994; Suppl 157: 1138
  • 3
    Bjerre BD, Johansen C, Steven K. Health-related quality of life after cystectomy: Bladder substitution compared with ileal conduit diversion. Br J Urol 1995; 75: 2005
  • 4
    Boyd SD, Feinberg SM, Skinner DG, Lieskovsky G, Baron D, Richardson J. Quality of life survey of urinary diversion patients: comparison of ileal conduits versus continent Kock ileal reservoirs. J Urol 1987; 138: 13869
  • 5
    Gerharz EW, Weingärtner K, Dopatka T, Köhl UN, Basler HD, Riedmiller HN. Quality of life after cystectomy and urinary diversion: Results of a retrospective interdisciplinary study. J Urol 1997; 158: 77885
  • 6
    Filipas D, Egle U, Büdenbender C et al. Quality of life and health in patients with urinary diversion: a comparison of incontinent and continent urinary diversion. Eur Urol 1997; 32: 239
  • 7
    Månsson Å, Johnson G, Månsson W. Quality of life after cystectomy – comparison between patients with conduit and those with continent caecal reservoir urinary diversion. Br J Urol 1988; 62: 2405
  • 8
    Månsson Å, Colleen S, Hermere’N G, Johnson G. Which patients will benefit from psychosocial intervention after cystectomy for bladder cancer. Br J Urol 1997; 80: 507
  • 9
    Månsson Å, Christensson P, Johnson G, Colleen S. Can preoperative psychological defensive strategies, mood and type of lower urinary tract reconstruction predict psychosocial adjustment after cystectomy in patients with bladder cancer? Br J Urol 1998; 82: 34856
  • 10
    Månsson W, Colleen S. Experience with a detubularized right colonic segment for bladder replacement. Scand J Urol Nephrol 1990; 24: 536
  • 11
    Pagano F, Artibani W, Ligato P, Piazza R, Garbeglio A, Passerini G. Vesica ileale Padovana: a technique for total bladder replacement. Eur Urol 1990; 17: 14954
  • 12
    Jeffner A. Livsåskådningar i Sverige. Inledande projekt-presentation och översiktlig resultatredovisning. Tros- och livsåskådningsvetenskap, Uppsala Universitet. Uppsala 1988
  • 13
    Aaronson NK, Ahmedzai S, Bergman B et al. The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30: a quality-of-life instrument for use in international clinical trials in oncology. J Natl Cancer Inst 1993; 85: 36576
  • 14
    Borghede G, Karlsson J, Sullivan M. Quality of life in patients with prostatic cancer: results from a Swedish population study. J Urol 1997; 158: 147786
  • 15
    Månsson Å, Johnson G, Månsson W. Psychosocial adjustment to cystectomy for bladder cancer and effects on interpersonal relationships. Scand J Caring Sci 1991; 5: 12934
  • 16
    Månsson Å, Anderson H, Colleen S. Time lag to diagnosis of bladder cancer – influence of psychosocial parameters and level of health-care provision. Scand J Urol Nephrol 1993; 27: 3639
  • 17
    Guess HA, Chute CG, Garraway WM et al. Similar levels of urologic symptoms have similar impact in Scottish and American men – although Scots report less symptom. J Urol 1993; 150: 17015
  • 18
    Girman CJ, Jacobsen SJ, Tsukamoto T et al. Health-related quality of life associated with lower urinary tract symptoms in four countries. Urology 1998; 51: 42836
  • 19
    Hunt SM. Cross-cultural comparability of quality of life measures. In Guggenmoos-holzmanI, BloomfieldK, BrennerH, FlickU, eds, Quality of Life and Health Concepts, Methods and Applications. Berlin: Blackwell Science, 1995: 1525
  • 20
    Geertz C. Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books, 1973
  • 21
    Inglehart R. Modernization and Postmodernization. Cultural, Economic and Political Changes in 43 Societies Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997
  • 22
    Inglehart M. Reactions to Critical Life Events. A Social Psychological Analysis. New York: Praeger, 1991
  • 23
    Taylor SE. Adjustment to threatening events: a theory of cognitive adaptation. Am Psychol 1983; 38: 116173
  • 24
    Bjerre BD, Johansen C, Steven K. Sexological problems after cystectomy: Bladder substitution compared with ileal conduit diversion – A questionnaire study of male patients. Scand J Urol Nephrol 1988; 32: 18793