Objective To compare the efficacy and safety of an incremental-dose regimen of terazosin (1–2 mg daily) and a fixed-dose regimen of tamsulosin (0.2 mg daily), on Japanese patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
Patients and methods This multicentre, single-blind, randomized trial compared terazosin and tamsulosin over 4 weeks, in 61 patients with symptomatic BPH randomly assigned to terazosin (n = 31) or tamsulosin (n = 30). Terazosin 0.5 mg twice daily was administered for 2 weeks, followed by 1 mg twice daily for 2 weeks. Tamsulosin (0.2 mg) was administered once daily for 4 weeks. Symptoms were evaluated using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), and quality of life (QOL) was assessed subjectively before treatment, and again after 2 and 4 weeks of treatment. Objective measurements taken before and after the treatment period were the maximum (Qmax) and average (Qave) urinary flow rates, and the percentage residual urine volume. Improvement was defined as a 25% decrease from baseline in IPSS, > 1 point increase in QOL score, and > 2.5 mL/s increase in Qmax. Adverse reactions potentially related to the study drugs were recorded throughout the treatment period.
Results Both terazosin and tamsulosin produced statistically significant improvements in subjective and objective variables. Neither treatment affected systolic or diastolic blood pressure or pulse rate. Adverse reactions were noted in four patients (three in the terazosin group and one in the tamsulosin group). However, there was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of adverse effects between the groups.
Conclusions Despite the limitations of small sample size and relatively short treatment periods, terazosin and tamsulosin were equally effective in the treatment of symptomatic BPH in Japanese patients, using relatively lower doses than those used in Western countries.