Insulin resistance in non-diabetic subjects is associated with increased incidence of myocardial infarction and death
Article first published online: 6 JUN 2002
Volume 19, Issue 6, pages 470–475, June 2002
How to Cite
Hedblad, B., Nilsson, P., Engström, G., Berglund, G. and Janzon, L. (2002), Insulin resistance in non-diabetic subjects is associated with increased incidence of myocardial infarction and death. Diabetic Medicine, 19: 470–475. doi: 10.1046/j.1464-5491.2002.00719.x
- Issue published online: 6 JUN 2002
- Article first published online: 6 JUN 2002
- Accepted 26 November 2001
- insulin resistance;
- coronary heart disease;
Aims To compare the incidence of myocardial infarction and death in non-diabetic subjects with and without insulin resistance.
Methods Population-based prospective cohort study, in Malmö, Sweden, of 4748 non-diabetic subjects (60% women), aged 46–68 years, with no history of myocardial infarction or stroke. The prevalence of insulin resistance was established by the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) and defined as values above the sex-specific 75th percentile (1.80 for women and 2.12 for men). Incidence of myocardial infarction and death is based on record linkage with local and national registers. Cox’s proportional hazards model was used to assess the influence of insulin resistance after adjustment for age, sex, hyperglycaemia, raised arterial blood pressure, dyslipidaemia, central obesity, smoking and leisure-time physical activity.
Results Sixty-two subjects suffered a coronary event, and 93 subjects died during the 6-year follow-up period. Insulin resistance was after adjustment for other factors included in the insulin resistance syndrome and other potential confounders, associated with an increased incidence of coronary events (relative risk (RR) 2.18; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.22–3.87; P = 0.008) and deaths (RR 1.62; 1.03–2.55; P = 0.038).
Conclusions Insulin resistance, as assessed by the HOMA method, was in this cohort of middle-aged non-diabetic subjects associated with an increased incidence of myocardial infarction and death. This risk remained when smoking, low physical activity and factors included in the insulin resistance syndrome were taken into account in a stepwise regression model.
Diabet. Med. 19, 470–475 (2002)