Ecological effects of roads and traffic: a literature review
Article first published online: 13 JAN 2002
1998 Blackwell Science Ltd.
Global Ecology and Biogeography
Volume 7, Issue 5, pages 317–333, September 1998
How to Cite
SPELLERBERG, I. (1998), Ecological effects of roads and traffic: a literature review. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 7: 317–333. doi: 10.1046/j.1466-822x.1998.00308.x
- Issue published online: 13 JAN 2002
- Article first published online: 13 JAN 2002
- ecological effects and risks;
This survey of the literature on the ecological effects of roads and traffic revealed many articles published over many years in peer reviewed journals. There has also been a growing number of reports on the ecological effects of roads produced by government authorities. Whereas few reports have been published on assessing the ecological impacts, there has been a rapidly growing number of reports on methods for mitigation. Gaps in research include the effects of heavy metal accumulation and the processes and effects resulting from habitat fragmentation. There is a need to assess the effectiveness of underpasses and tunnels and the nature and functioning of buffer zones. A literature database has been assembled and is being updated.