Structural analysis of the N-glycosylation of alfalfa proteins was investigated in order to evaluate the capacity of this plant to perform this biologically important post-translational modification. We show that, in alfalfa, N-linked glycans are processed into a large variety of mature oligosaccharides having core-xylose and core α(1,3)-fucose, as well as terminal Lewisa epitopes. In contrast, expression of the C5-1 monoclonal antibody in alfalfa plants results in the production of plant-derived IgG1 which is N-glycosylated by a predominant glycan having a α(1,3)-fucose and a β(1,2)-xylose attached to a GlcNAc2Man3GlcNAc2 core. Since this core is common to plant and mammal N-linked glycans, it therefore appears that alfalfa plants have the ability to produce recombinant IgG1 having a N-glycosylation that is suitable for in vitro or in vivo glycan remodelling into a human-compatible plantibody. For instance, as proof of concept, in vitro galactosylation of the alfalfa-derived C5-1 mAb resulted in a homogenous plantibody harbouring terminal β(1,4)-galactose residues as observed in the mammalian IgG.