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The biomechanics of adiposity – structural and functional limitations of obesity and implications for movement

Authors


Address reprint requests to: AP Hills, PhD, School of Human Movement Studies, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, Queensland 4059, Australia. E-mail: a.hills@qut.edu.au

Summary

Obesity is a significant health problem and the incidence of the condition is increasing at an alarming rate worldwide. Despite significant advances in the knowledge and understanding of the multifactorial nature of the condition, many questions regarding the specific consequences of the disease remain unanswered. For example, there is a dearth of information pertaining to the structural and functional limitations imposed by overweight and obesity. A limited number of studies to date have considered plantar pressures under the feet of obese vs. non-obese, the influence of foot structure on performance, gait characteristics of obese children and adults, and relationships between obesity and osteoarthritis. A better appreciation of the implications of increased levels of body weight and/or body fat on movement capabilities of the obese would provide an enhanced opportunity to offer more meaningful support in the prevention, treatment and management of the condition.

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