Ineffectiveness of neurokinin-1 antagonist in acute migraine: a crossover study


David J Goldstein, Lilly Research laboratories, Lilly Corporate Center Indianapolis, IN 46285-0532, USA. Tel. +1 317 276 7047, fax. +1 317 277 2123,


Lanepitant is a high-affinity selective neurokinin−1 receptor (NK-1) and is effective in the dural inflammation model of acute migraine. Lanepitant 30, 80, and 240 mg given orally was evaluated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study to determine its effect in reducing migraine pain and severity of associated symptoms. Outpatients treated four migraine headaches of moderate or severe pain intensity with study drug according to a randomization schedule. They recorded their pain intensity and severity of migraine-associated symptoms at 30, 60, 90, and 120 min. Although 53 patients were randomly allocated to a treatment sequence, only 40 patients , completed all treatments. There was no statistically significant difference in improvement in migraine pain at any time for any of the treatments. Additionally, there was no change in severity of migraine associated symptoms associated with lanepitant therapy. No adverse events could be attributed to lanepitant Lanepitant was ineffective orally in treating acute migraine in this trial. This may be due to poor bioavailability during a migraine attack. Alternatively, the neurogenic inflammation hypothesis may not apply to migraine.