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Keywords:

  • psoriatic arthropathy;
  • echocardiography;
  • cardiac symptoms

ABSTRACT

Background Psoriatic arthropathy (PA) is a seronegative arthropathy with a 5–20% prevalence among psoriatics. In recent years, cardiovascular abnormalities have been shown in patients with seronegative arthropathies.

Objective/aim Since echocardiography is a non-invasive method to evidence cardiac abnormalities, we planned a study to evaluate heart involvement in subjects with psoriatic athropathy using this method.

Methods A total of 21 subjects (15 women, six men) aged from 34 to 71 years were involved in this study. After PA diagnosis was confirmed by skeletal scintigraphic survey, patients were evaluated by Doppler echocardiogram for cardiovascular disturbances and the results were compared with those for a sex- and age-matched control group.

Results The left ventricle end-diastolic and end-systolic diameters of the PA group were statistically different from those of the control group (P < 0.05), but no difference was observed in ejection fraction and the mitral E/A ratios. The presence of diastolic dysfunction was significantly related to the presence of arthropathy and the duration of psoriasis (P < 0.05).

Conclusion We conclude that mild diastolic dysfunction may accompany PA but our data should be confirmed by further studies.