The fetal lung 2: pulmonary hypoplasia

Authors

  • J. A. M. Laudy M.D.,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the University Hospital Rotterdam and the Erasmus University Medical School Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Rotterdam, Erasmus University, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Dr Molewaterplein 40, 3015 GD Rotterdam, The Netherlands
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  • J. W. Wladimiroff

    1. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the University Hospital Rotterdam and the Erasmus University Medical School Rotterdam, The Netherlands
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Abstract

This review describes the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypoplasia and highlights its clinical, radiological and pathologic features, with emphasis on oligohydramnios-related pulmonary hypoplasia. Since pulmonary hypoplasia may lead to severe respiratory distress immediately after birth and even to neonatal death, an accurate and patient-friendly prenatal test for early detection and distinction between lethal and non-lethal pulmonary hypoplasia is still highly desirable. An extended overview of the proposed methods for the prenatal prediction of pulmonary hypoplasia is presented. Copyright © 2000 International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

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