• Bandelt, H.-J., Forster, P., Sykes, B. C. & Richards, M. B. 1995 Mitochondrial portraits of human populations using median networks. Genetics 141, 743753.
  • Bandelt, H. J., Lahermo, P., Richards, M. & Macaulay, V. 2001 Detecting errors in mtDNA data by phylogenetic analysis. Int J Legal Med 115, 649.
  • Bandelt, H.-J., Quintana-Murci, L., Salas, A. & Macaulay, V. 2002 The fingerprint of phantom mutations in mitochondrial DNA data. Am J Hum Genet 71, 11501060.
  • Cann, R. L., Stoneking, M. & Wilson, A. C. 1987 Mitochondrial DNA and human evolution. Nature 325, 3136.
  • Eyre-Walker, A., Smith, N. H. & Maynard Smith, J. 1999 How clonal are human mitochondria Proc R Soc Lond B 266, 477483.
  • Forster, P., Torroni, A., Renfrew, C. & Röhl, A. 2001 Phylogenetic star contraction applied to Asian and Papuan mtDNA evolution. Mol Biol Evol 18, 18641881.
  • Hagelberg, E., Goldman, N., Lió, P., Whelan, S., Schiefenhövel, W., Clegg, J. B. & Bowden, D. K. 1999 Evidence for mitochondrial DNA recombination in a human population of island Melanesia. Proc R Soc Lond B 266, 485492.
  • Kivisild, T. & Villems, R. 2000 Questioning evidence for recombination in human mitochondrial DNA.
  • Macaulay, V., Richards, M. & Sykes B. 1999 Mitochondrial DNA recombination – no need to panic. Proc R Soc Lond B 266, 20372039.
  • Richards, M., Macaulay, V., Hickey, E., Vega, E., Sykes, B., Guida, V., Rengo, C., Sellitto, D., Cruciani, F., Kivisild, T., Villems, R., Thomas, M., Rychkov, S., Rychkov, O., Rychkov, Y., Golge, M., Dimitrov, D., Hill, E., Bradley, D., Romano, V., Cali, F., Vona, G., Demaine, A., Papiha, S., Triantaphyllidis, C., Stefanescu, G., Hatina, J., Belledi, M., Di Rienzo, A., Novelletto, A., Oppenheim, A., Norby, S., Al-Zaheri, N., Santachiara-Benerecetti S., Scozari, R., Torroni, A. & Bandelt, H. J. 2000 Tracing European founder lineages in the Near Eastern mtDNA pool. Am J Hum Genet 67, 125176.
  • Röhl, A., Brinkmann, B., Forster, L. & Forster, P. 2001 An annotated mtDNA database. Int J Legal Med 115, 2939.
  • Simoni, L., Calafell, F., Pettener, D., Bertranpetit, J. & Barbujani, G. 2000 Geographic patterns of mtDNA diversity in Europe. Am J Hum Genet 66, 26278.
  • Torroni, A., Richards, M., Macaulay, V., Forster, P., Villems, R., Norby, S., Savontaus, M. L., Huoponen, K., Scozzari, R. & Bandelt, H. J. 2000 mtDNA haplogroups and frequency patterns in Europe. Am J Hum Genet 66, 11737.
  • Vigilant, L., Stoneking, M., Harpending, H., Hawkes, K. & Wilson, A. C. 1991 African populations and the evolution of human mitochondrial DNA. Science 253, 15031507.