SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Anderson RH (1990) The anatomy of arteial valvar stenosis. Int. J. Cardiol. 26, 355359.
  • Anderson RH, Wilkinson JL, Arnold R, Lubkiewicz K (1974a) Morphogenesis of Bulboventricular malformations I: Consideration of embryogenesis in the normal heart. Br. Heart J. 36, 242255.
  • Anderson RH, Wilkinson JL, Arnold R, Becker AE, Lubkiewicz K (1974b) Morphogenesis of bulboventricular malformations II: observations on malformed hearts. Br. Heart J. 36, 948970.
  • Arguello C, De La Cruz MV, Sanchez C (1978) Ultrastructural and experimental evidence of myocardial cell differentiation into connective tissue cells in embryonic chick heart. J. Mol. Cell Cardiol. 10, 307315.
  • Arráez-Aybar La González-Lorrio F, Marantos-Gamarra Dg Jiménez-Collado J (2003) Cardiac developmental onomatology: the real heart of the matter. J. Anat. in press.
  • Bartelings MM, Gittenberger-De Groot AC (1989) The outflow tract of the heart-embryologic and morphologic correlations. Int. J. Cardiol. 22, 289300.
  • Bartelings MM (1990) The outflow tract of the heart – embryologic and morphologic correlations. PhD Thesis, University of Leiden, The Netherlands.
  • Burggren WW (1988) Cardiac design in lower vertebrates: what can phylogeny reveal about ontogeny? Experientia 44, 919930.
  • Chen JN, Van Eden JM, Warren KS, Chin A, Nusslein-Volhard C, et al. (1997) Left-right pattern of cardiac BMP4 may drive asymmetry of the heart in zebrafish. Development 124, 43734382.
  • Creazzo TL, Godt RE, Leatherbury L, Conway SJ, Kirby ML (1998) Role of cardiac neural crest cells in cardiovascular development. Annu. Rev. Physiol. 60, 267286.
  • De La Cruz MV, Da Rocha JP (1956) An ontogenetic theory for the explanation of congenital malformations involving the truncus and conus. Am. Heart J. 51, 782805.
  • De La Cruz MV, Sanchez Gomez C, Arteaga MM, Arguello C (1977) Experimental study of the development of the truncus and the conus in the chick embryo. J. Anat. 123, 661686.
  • De La Cruz MV, Sanchez Gomez C, Cayre R (1991) The developmental components of the ventricles: their significance in congenitalk cardiac malformations. Cardiol. Young 1, 123128.
  • Edmonds LD, James LM (1993) Temporal trends in the birth prevalence of selected congenital malformations. Birth Defects Monitoring Program/Commission on professional and Hospital Activities, 1979–89. Teratology 48, 647649.
  • Ferencz C, Neill CA (1986) Cardiovascular malformations: prevalence at live birth. In Neonatal Heart Disease (eds FreedomRM Benson LN Smallhorn JF), pp. 1927. New York: Springer Verlag.
  • Fukiishi Y, Morriss-Kay GM (1992) Migration of cranial neural crest cells to the pharyngeal arches and heart in rat embryos. Cell Tissue Res. 268, 18.
  • Goor DA, Dische R., Lillehei CW (1972) The conotruncus I. Its normal inversion and conus absorption. Circulation 46, 375364.
  • Houweling AC, Somi S, Van Den Hoff MJ, Moorman AF, Christoffels VM (2002) Developmental pattern of ANF gene expression reveals a strict localization of cardiac chamber formation in chicken. Anat. Rec. 266, 93102.
  • Icardo JM (1990) Development of the outflow tract. A study in hearts with situs solitus and situs inversus. Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 588, 2640.
  • Jiang X, Rowitch DH, Soriano P, McMahon AP, Sucov HM (2000) Fate of the mammalian cardiac neural crest. Development 127, 16071616.
  • Kelly RG, Brown NA, Buckingham ME (2001) The arterial pole of the mouse heart forms from Fgf10-expressing cells in pharyngeal mesoderm. Dev. Cell 1, 435440.
  • Kirby ML, Gale TF, Stewart DE (1983) Neural crest cells contribute to normal aortopulmonary septation. Science 220, 10591061.
  • Kirby ML, Bockman DE (1984) Neural crest and normal development: a new perspective. Anat. Record 209, 16.
  • Kirby ML, Turnage KL, Hays BM (1985) Characterization of conotruncal malformations following ablation of ‘cardiac’ neural crest. Anat. Record 213, 8793.
  • Kirby ML (2002) Embryogenesis of transposition of the great arteries: a lesson from the heart. Circulation Res. 91, 8789.
  • Kramer TC (1942) The partitioning of the truncus and conus and the formation of the membranous portion of the interventricular septum in the human heart. Anat. Record 71, 343370.
  • Laane HM (1978) The septation of arterial pole of the heart in the chick embryo. I. Introduction. Acta Morph. Neerlando-Scandinavica 16, 1727.
  • Laane HM (1979) The septation of the arterial pole of the heart in the chick embryo. III. Development of the truncus arterious of the heart of chick embryos from 5 to 7 days of incubation. Acta Morph. Neerlando-Scandinavica 17, 120.
  • Lamers WH, Virágh S, Wessels A, Moorman AFM, Anderson RH (1995) Formation of the tricuspid valve in the human heart. Circulation 91, 111121.
  • Le Douarin N (1982) The Neural Crest. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Los JA (1978) Cardiac septation and development of the aorta, pulmonary trunk, and pulmonary veins: previous work in the light of recent observations. In Morphogenesis and Malformation of the Cardiovascular System (eds RosenquistGC Bergsma D), pp. 109138. New York: Alan R. Liss, Inc.
  • McBride RE, Moore GW, Hutchins GM (1981) Development of the outflow tract and closure of the interventricular septum in the normal human heart. Am. J. Anat. 160, 309331.
  • Merrick AF, Yacoub MH, Ho SY, Anderson RH (2000) Anatomy of the muscular subpulmonary infundibulum with regard to the Ross procedure. Ann. Thoracic Surg. 69, 556561.
  • Mjaatvedt CH, Nakaoka T, Moreno-Rodriguez RA, Norris RA, Kern MJ, Eisenberg CA, et al. (2001) The outflow of the heart is recruited from a novel heart forming field. Dev. Biol. 238, 97109.
  • Nishibatake M, Kirby ML, Van Mierop LHS (1987) Pathogenesis of persistent truncus arteriosus and dextroposed aorta in the chick embryo after neural crest ablation. Circulation 75, 255264.
  • Noden DM, Poelmann RE, Gittenberger De Groot AC (1995) Cell origins and tissue boundaries during outflow tract development. Trends Cardiovascular Med. 5, 6975.
  • Okamoto N (1980) Congenital Anomalies of the Heart. Tokyo: Igaku-Shoin.
  • Okamoto N, Akimoto N, Satow Y, Hidaka N, Miyabara S (1981) In Mechanisms of Cardiac Morphogenesis and Teratogenesis (ed. PexiederT), pp. 127137. New York: Raven Press.
  • Orts Llorca F, Puerta Fonella J, Sobrado J (1982) The formation, septation and fate of the truncus arteriosus in man. J. Anat. 134, 4156.
  • Patten BD (1953) Human Embryology. Michigan: The Blakiston Company, Inc.
  • Pexieder T (1978) Development of the outflow tract of the embryonic heart. In Morphogenesis and Malformation of the Cardiovascular System (eds RosenquistGC Bergsma D), pp. 2968. New York: Alan R. Liss, Inc.
  • Pexieder T (1995) Conotruncus and its septation at the advent of the molecular biology era. In Developmental Mechanisms of Heart Disease (eds ClarkEB, MarkwaldRR, TakaoA), pp. 227248. New York: Futura Publishing.
  • Phillips MT, Kirby MC, Forbes G (1987) Analysis of cranial neural crest distribution in the developing heart using quail chick chimeras. Circulation Res. 60, 2730.
  • Poelmann RE, Mikawa T, Gittenberger-De Groot AC (1998) Neural crest in outflow tract septation of the embryonic chicken heart: differentiation and apoptosis. Dev. Dynamics 212, 373384.
  • Qayyum SR, Webb S, Anderson RH, Verbeek FJ, Brown NA, Richardson MK (2001) Septation and valvar formation in the outflow tract of the embryonic chick heart. Anat. Record 264, 273283.
  • Rosenquist GC, Bharati S, McAllister HA, Lev M (1976) Truncus arteriosus communis: truncal valve anomalies associated with small conal or truncal septal defects. Am. J. Cardiol. 37, 410412.
  • Rothenberg F, Hitomi M, Fisher SA, Watanabe M (2002) Initiation of apoptosis in the developing avian outflow tract myocardium. Dev. Dynamics 223, 469482.
  • Rychter Z (1978) Analysis of relations between aortic arches and aorticopulmonary septation. Birth Defects Orig. Artic. Series 14, 443448.
  • Sanford LP, Ormsby I, Gittenberger-De Groot AC, Sariola H, Friedman R, Boivin GP, et al. (1997) TGFbeta2 knockout mice have multiple developmental defects that are non-overlapping with other TGFbeta knockout phenotypes. Development 124, 26592670.
  • Shaner RF (1962) Comparative development of the bulbus and ventricles of the vertebrate heart with special reference to Spitzer's theory of heart malformations. Anat. Record 142, 519529.
  • Stamm C, Anderson RH, Ho SY (1998) Clinical anatomy of the normal pulmonary root compared with that in isolated pulmonary valvular stenosis. J. Am. College Cardiol. 31, 14201425.
  • Steding G, Seidl W (1980) Contribution to the development of the heart Part I: normal development. Thoracic Cardiovascular Surgeon 28, 386409.
  • Steding G, Seidl W (1981) Contribution to the development of the heart Part II: morphogenesis of congenital heart disease. Thoracic Cardiovascular Surgeon 29, 116.
  • Steding G, Seidl W (1990) Cardio-vaskulares system. In Humanembryologie: Lehrbuch und Atlas der Vorgeburtlichen Entwickelung Des Menschen (ed. HinrichsenKV), pp. 205294. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
  • Takamura K, Okishima T, Ohdo S, Hayakawa K, Okamoto N (1990) Sequential observation of cardiac neural cell distribution in the developing heart: effects of transplantation regions. In Developmental Cardiology: Morphogenesis and Function (eds ClarkEB, TakaoA), pp. 159173. New York: Futura Publishing Co., Inc.
  • Tandler J (1912) The development of the heart. In Manual of Human Embryology (eds KeibelF, MallFP), pp. 534570. Philadelphia: Lippincott.
  • Thompson RP, Fitzharris TP (1979) Morphogenesis of the truncus arteriosus of the chick embryo: tissue reorganization during septation. Am. J. Anat. 156, 251264.
  • Thompson RP, Wong Y-MM, Fitzharris TP (1983) A computer graphic study of cardiac truncal septation. Anat. Record 206, 207214.
  • Thompson RP, Wong Y-MM, Fitzharris TP (1984) Patterns of tensile stress in the developing cardiac truncus. In Congenital Heart Disease: Causes and Processes (eds NoraJJ Takao A), pp. 387400. New York: Futura Publishing Co.
  • Tonge M (1869) Observations on the development of the semilunar valves of the aorta and Pulmonary artery of the heart of the chick. Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. London 159, 387412.
  • Van Den Hoff MJB, Moorman AFM, Ruijter JM, Lamers WH, Bennington RW, Markwald RR, et al. (1999) Myocardialisation of the cardiac outflow tract. Dev. Biol. 212, 477490.
  • Van Mierop LHS, Alley RD, Kausel HW, Stranahan A (1963) Pathogenesis of transposition complexes. I. Embryology of the ventricles and great arteries. Am. J. Cardiol. 12, 216225.
  • Van Mierop LHS (1979) Morphological development of the heart. In The Cardiovascular System (eds BerneRM, SperelakisN, GeigerSR), pp. 128. Baltimore, MD: Waverley Press.
  • Waldo K, Miyagawa-Tomita S, Kumski D, Kirby M (1998) Cardiac neural crest cells provide new insight into septation of the cardiac outflow tract: Aortic sac to ventricular septal closure. Dev. Biol. 196, 129144.
  • Ya J, Van Den Hoff MJB, De Boer PAJ, Tesink-Taekema Franco D, Moorman AFM, et al. (1998) Normal development of the outflow tract in the rat. Circulation Res. 82, 464472.
  • Yelbuz TM, Waldo KL, Kumiski DH, Stadt HA, Wolfe RR, Leatherbury L, et al. (2002) Shortened outflow tract leads to altered cardiac looping after neural crest ablation. Circulation 106, 504510.