SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Addy HD, Schaffer GF, Miller MH, Peterson, RL. 1994. Survival of the external mycelium of a VAM fungus in frozen soil over winter. Mycorrhiza 5: 15.
  • Ames RN, Mihara KL, Bethlenfalvay GJ. 1987. The establishment of microorganisms in vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal and control treatments. Biology and Fertility of Soil 3: 217223.
  • Amijee F, Stribley DP. 1987. Soluble carbohydrates of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. The Mycologist 21: 2021.
  • Bartetzko H. 1910. Untersuchungen über das Erfrieren von Schimmelpilzen. Jahrbucher fur Wissenschaftliche Botanik 47: 5798.
  • Brundrett MC, Abbott LK. 1994. Mycorrhizal fungus pro–pagules in the jarrah forest. I. Seasonal study of inoculum levels. New Phytologist 127: 539546.
  • Brundrett MC, Kendrick B. 1990. The roots and mycorrhizas of herbaceous woodland plants I. Quantitative aspects of morphology. New Phytologist 114: 45768.
  • Brundrett MC, Piché Y, Peterson RL. 1984. A new method for observing the morphology of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae. Canadian Journal of Botany 62: 21282134.
  • Cooke RC, Whipps JM. 1993. Ecophysiology of fungi. Oxford : Blackwell Scientific Publishers.
  • Diop TA, Bécard G, Piché Y. 1992. Long-term in vitro culture of an endomycorrhizal fungus, Gigagspora margarita, on RiT-DNA transformed roots of carrot. Symbiosis 12: 249259.
  • Evans DG, Miller MH. 1988. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas and the soil-disturbance-induced reduction of nutrient absorption in maize. I. Causal relations. New Phytologist 110: 6774.
  • Evans DG, Miller MH. 1990. The role of the external mycelial network in the effect of soil disturbance upon vesicular- arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization of maize. New Phytologist 114: 6571.
  • Hamel C, Fyles H, Smith DL. 1990. Measurement of development of endomycorrhizal mycelium using three different vital stains. New Phytologist 115: 297302.
  • Harley JL, Smith SE. 1983. Mycorrhizal symbiosis. London : Academic Press.
  • Hepper CM. 1985. Influence of age of roots on the pattern of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal infection in leek and clover. New Phytologist 101: 685693.
  • Horn K, Hahn A, Pausch F, Hock B. 1992. Isolation of pure spore and hyphal fractions from vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Journal of Plant Physiology 141: 2832.
  • Ingham ER, Klein DA. 1984. Soil fungi: relationships between hyphal activity and staining with fluorescein diacetate. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 16: 273278.
  • Jakobsen I, Nielsen NE. 1983. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza in field-grown crops. I. Mycorrhizal infection in cereals and peas at various times and soil depths. New Phytologist 93: 401413.
  • Jasper DA, Abbott LK, Robson AD. 1989a. Soil disturbance reduces the infectivity of external hyphae of vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist 112: 9399.
  • Jasper DA, Abbott LK, Robson AD. 1989b. Hyphae of a vesicular–arbuscular fungus maintain infectivity in dry soil, except when the soil is disturbed. New Phytologist 112: 101107.
  • Jasper DA, Abbott LK, Robson AD. 1993. The survival of infective hyphae of VAM fungi in dry soil: an interaction with sporulation. New Phytologist 124: 473479.
  • Kormanik PP, McGraw AC. 1984. Quantification of vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizae in plant roots. In: SchenckNC, eds. Methods and Principles of Mycorrhizal Research. St Paul , MN , USA : American Phytopathological Society, 3747.
  • Mazur P. 1968. Survival of fungi after freezing and desiccation. In: AinsworthGC, SussmanAS, eds. The Fungi, vol. 4. New York : Academic Press, 325394.
  • McGee PA. 1989. Variation in propagule numbers of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in a semiarid soil. Mycological Research 92: 2833.
  • McGonigle TP, Evans DG, Miller MH. 1990a. Effect of degree of soil disturbance on mycorrhizal colonization and phosphorous absorption by maize in growth chamber and field experiments. New Phytologist 116: 629636.
  • McGonigle TP, Miller MH, Evans DG, Fairchild GL, Swan JA. 1990b. A new method which gives an objective measure of colonization of roots by vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist 115: 495501.
  • Meier R, Charvat J. 1993. Reassessment of tetrazolium bromide as a viability stain for spores of VAM fungi. American Journal of Botany 80: 10071015.
  • Miller MH, McGonigle TP, Addy HD. 1995. Functional ecology of vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizas as influenced by phosphate fertilization and tillage in an agricultural ecosystem. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology 15: 241255.
  • Miller, RM, Reinhardt DR, Jastrow JD. 1995. External hyphal production of vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in pasture and tallgrass prairie communities. Oecologia 103: 1723.
  • Morris GJ, Smith D, Coulson GE. 1988. A comparative study of the changes in the morphology of hyphae during freezing and viability upon thawing for twenty species of fungi. Journal of General Microbiology 134: 28972906.
  • Mosse B. 1959. Observations on the extra-matrical mycelium of a vesicular–arbuscular endophyte. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 42: 439448.
  • Mosse B. 1970. Honey-coloured, sessile Endogone spores. III. Wall structure. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie 74: 146159.
  • Newell SY. 1992. Estimating fungal biomass and productivity in decomposing litter. In: CarrollGC, WicklowDT, eds. The Fungal Community: Its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem. New York : Marcel Dekker, Inc., 521561.
  • Nicolson TH. 1959. Mycorrhiza in the Graminae. I. VA endophytes, with special reference to the external phase. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 42: 421438.
  • Olsen SR, Cole CV, Watanabe FS, Dean LA. 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. United States Department of Agriculture Circular 939, Washington D.C.
  • Park D. 1968. The ecology of terrestrial fungi. In: AinsworthGC, SussmanAS, eds. The Fungi, vol. 4. New York : Academic Press, 539.
  • Schubert A, Marzachi C, Mazzitelli M, Cravero MC, Bonfante-Fasolo P. 1987. Development of total and viable extraradical mycelium in the vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus clarum Nicol. & Schenck. New Phytologist 107: 183190.
  • Siminovitch D, Cloutier Y. 1983. Drought and freezing tolerance and adaptation in plants: some evidence of near equivalences. Cryobiology 20: 487503.
  • Smith D, Coulson GE, Morris GJ. 1986. A comparative study of the morphology and viability of hyphae of Penicillium expansum and Phytophthora nicotianae during freezing and thawing. Journal of General Microbiology 132: 20132021.
  • Stotzky G. 1972. Activity, ecology and population dynamics of microorganisms in soil. CRC Critical Reviews in Microbiology 2: 59137.
  • Sussman AS. 1968. Longevity and survivability. In: AinsworthGC, SussmanAS, eds. The Fungi, vol. 3. New York : Academic Press, 447486.
  • Tennant D. 1975. A test of a modified line intersect method of estimating root length. Journal of Ecology 63: 9951001.
  • Thevelein JM. 1984. Regulation of trehalose mobilization in fungi. Microbiological Reviews 48: 4259.
  • Tommerup IC. 1983. Spore dormancy in vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 81: 3745.