Specific PCR-primers as a reliable tool for the detection of white truffles in mycorrhizal roots

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Abstract

During their symbiotic phase, white truffles are barely distinguishable morphologically, and molecular probes are needed for their identification. Here we report the design of species-specific primers for two white truffles (Tuber magnatum and T. borchii) on the basis of their ITS sequence. Their efficiency has been successfully tested on fruit bodies of the same species, many related and unrelated fungal species, as well as mycorrhizal roots in direct, nested and multiplex PCR experiments. They have allowed us to identify T. magnatum mycorrhizas for the first time.

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