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Keywords:

  • acid phosphatase;
  • arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi;
  • exopolyphosphatase;
  • Neutral red;
  • polyphosphate;
  • acidic vacuole

Summary

  • • Regulation of polyphosphate metabolism is reported in arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis.

  • • Marigold (Tagetes patula) plants inoculated with Glomus coronatum or Glomus etunicatum were grown in mesh bags. Exopolyphosphatase activity in extra- and intraradical hyphae was measured and characterized. The hyphae were stained with Neutral red to show acidic vacuoles in which polyphosphate synthesis might occur.

  • • Exopolyphosphate activity was differently expressed between the extra- and intraradical hyphae, as indicated by different pH optima; high activity was observed at pH 5.0 in the intraradical hyphae of both fungal species. Km values were lower at neutral pH with long-chain polyphosphate, whereas acidic activity showed lower Km with short-chain polyphosphate. Both extra- and intradical hyphae had acidic vacuoles. Polyphosphate occurred in the hyphae of the high-P, but not the low-P treatment. By contrast, exopolyphosphatase activity and vacuolar acidity were relatively constant irrespective of polyphosphate status.

  • • The fungi have at least two different exopolyphosphatase-type enzymes which are differently expressed between extra- and intraradical hyphae; polyphosphate accumulation might be a dynamic balance between synthesis and hydrolysis.