Growth and nitrogen uptake of CO2-enriched rice under field conditions

Authors


Author for correspondence: K. Kobayashi Tel: +81 298 388223 Fax: +81 298 388199 Email:clasman@niaes.affrc.go.jp

Summary

  •  The effects of elevated CO2 are reported here on the uptake of nitrogen (N) and its relationships with growth and grain yield in rice (Oryza sativa).
  •  Using free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE), rice crops were grown at ambient or elevated (c. 300 µmol mol−1 above ambient) CO2 and supplied with low, medium or high levels of N.
  •  For the medium and high N treatments, FACE increased N uptake at panicle initiation but not at maturity. For total dry matter, as well as spikelet number and grain yield, positive interactions between CO2 and N uptake were observed. Furthermore, spikelet number was closely associated with N uptake at panicle initiation.
  •  These results indicate that, to maximize rice grain yield under elevated CO2, it is important to supply sufficient N over the whole season, in order to maintain the enhancement in dry matter production. In addition, N availability must be coordinated with the developmental stage of the crop, specifically to ensure that sufficient N is available at panicle initiation in order to maximize spikelet number and grain yield.

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