SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aarssen LW, Burton SM. 1990. Maternal effects at four nutrient levels in Senecio vulgaris (Asteraceae) grown on a soil nutrient gradient. American Journal of Botany 77: 12311240.
  • Aarssen LW, Taylor DR. 1992. Fecundity allocation in herbaceous plants. Oikos 65: 225232.
  • Altman DW, McCuiston WL, Kronstad WE. 1983. Grain protein percentage, kernel hardness, and grain yield of winter wheat with foliar applied urea. Agronomy Journal 75: 8791.
  • Austin RB. 1966a. The growth of watercress (Rorippa aquaticum (L.) Hayek) from seed as affected by the phosphorus nutrition of the parent plant. Plant and Soil 24: 113120.
  • Austin RB. 1966b. The influence of the phosphorous and nitrogen nutrition of pea plants on the growth of their progeny. Plant and Soil 24: 359368.
  • Baskin CC, Baskin JM. 1998. Seeds: ecology, biogeography, and evolution of dormancy and germination. New York, NY, USA: Academic Press.
  • Baskin JM, Nan X, Baskin CC. 1998. A comparative study of seed dormancy and germination in an annual and perennial species of Senna (Fabaceae). Seed Science Research 8: 501512.
  • Bruckner PL, Cash SD, Lee RD. 1998. Nitrogen effects on triticale grain yield, amino acid composition, and feed nutritional quality for swine. Journal of Production Agriculture 11: 180184.
  • Dawson TE, Ehleringer JR. 1991. Ecological correlates of seed mass variation in Phoradendron juniperinum, a xylem-tapping mistletoe. Oecologia 85: 332342.
  • Donohoe K, Schmitt J. 1998. Maternal environmental effects in plants: adaptive plasticity?. In: MousseauTA, FoxCW, eds. Maternal effects in plants. New York, USA: Oxford University Press, 137158.
  • Dowler CC. 1995. Weed survey – southern states: broadleaf crops subsection. Proceedings of the Southern Weed Science Society 48: 298302.
  • Downs RJ, Thomas JF. 1991. Phytotron procedural manual. Technical Bulletin 244. Raleigh, NC, USA: North Carolina Agricultural Research Service.
  • Fawcett RS, Slife FW. 1978. Effects of field applications of nitrate on weed seed germination and dormancy. Weed Science 26: 594596.
  • Fenner M. 1986. The allocation of minerals to seeds in Senecio vulgaris plants subjected to nutrient shortage. Journal of Ecology 74: 385392.
  • Fenner M. 1992. Environmental influences on seed size and composition. Horticultural Reviews 13: 183213.
  • Galloway LF. 2001. The effect of maternal and paternal environments on seed characters in the herbaceous plant Campanula americana (Campanulaceae). American Journal of Botany 88: 832840.
  • Gray D, Thomas TH. 1982. Seed germination and seedling emergence as influenced by the position of development of the seed on, and chemical application to, the parent plant. In: KhanAA, ed. The physiology and biochemistry of seed development, dormancy and germination. New York, USA: Elsevier Biomedical Press, 81110.
  • Gutterman Y. 1992. Maternal effects on seeds during development. In: FennerM, ed. Seeds: the ecology of regeneration in plant communities. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 2759.
  • Hara T, Kawano S, Nagai Y. 1988. Optimal reproductive strategy of plants, with special reference to the modes of reproductive resource allocation. Plant Species Biology 3: 4359.
  • Harper JL, Lovell PH, Moore KG. 1970. The shapes and size of seeds. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 1: 327356.
  • Henderson CB. 1990. The influence of seed apparency, nutrient content and chemical defenses on dietary preferences in Dipodomys ordii. Oecologia 83: 333341.
  • Horak MJ, Wax LM. 1991. Germination and seedling development of bigroot morningglory (Ipomoea pandurata). Weed Science 39: 390396.
  • Mattson Jr WJ. 1980. Herbivory in relation to plant content. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 11: 119161.
  • Mehlman DW. 1993. Seed size and packaging variation in Baptisia lanceolata (Fabaceae). American Journal of Botany 80: 735742.
  • Méndez M. 1997. Sources of variation in seed mass in Arum italicum. International Journal of Plant Sciences 158: 298305.
  • Miao S, Bazzaz FA. 1990. Responses to nutrient pulses of two colonizers requiring different disturbance frequencies. Ecology 71: 21662178.
  • Obeso JR. 1993. Seed mass variation in the perennial herb Asphodelus albus: sources of variation and position effect. Oecologia 93: 571575.
  • Oikeh SO, Kling JG, Okoruwa AE. 1998. Nitrogen fertilizer management effects on maize grain quality in the West African moist savanna. Crop Science 38: 10561061.
  • Parrish JAD, Bazzaz FA. 1982. Responses of plants from three successional communities to a nutrient gradient. Journal of Ecology 70: 233248.
  • Parrish JAD, Bazzaz FA. 1985. Nutrient content of Abutilon theophrasti seeds and the competitive ability of the resulting plants. Oecologia 65: 247251.
  • Roach DA, Wulff RD. 1987. Maternal effects in plants. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 18: 209235.
  • Saini HS, Bassi PK, Spencer MS. 1985. Seed germination in Chenopodium album L. further evidence for the dependence of the effects of growth regulators on nitrate availability. Plant, Cell & Environment 8: 707711.
  • Samson DA, Werk KS. 1986. Size-dependent effects in the analysis of reproductive effort in plants. American Naturalist 127: 667680.
  • Schmid B, Dolt C. 1994. Effects of maternal and paternal environment and genotype on offspring phenotype in Solidago altissima L. Evolution 48: 15251549.
  • Schwaegerle KE, Levin DA. 1990. Environmental effects on growth and fruit production in Phlox drummondii. Journal of Ecology 78: 1526.
  • Sills GR, Nienhuis J. 1995. Maternal phenotypic effects due to soil nutrient levels and sink removal in Arabidopsis thaliana (Brassicaceae). American Journal of Botany 82: 491495.
  • Stamp NE. 1990. Production and effect of seed size in a grassland annual (Erodium brachycarpum, Geraniaceae). American Journal of Botany 77: 874882.
  • Stanton ML. 1984. Seed variation in wild radish: effect of seed size on components of seedling and adult fitness. Ecology 65: 11051112.
  • Stratton DA. 1989. Competition prolongs expression of maternal effects in seedlings of Erigeron annuus (Asteraceae). American Journal of Botany 76: 16461653.
  • Susko DJ, Lovett-Doust L. 2000a. Plant-size and fruit-position effects on reproductive allocation in Alliaria petiolata. Canadian Journal of Botany 78: 13981407.
  • Susko DJ, Lovett-Doust L. 2000b. Patterns of seed mass variation and their effects on seedling traits in Alliaria petiolata. American Journal of Botany 87: 5666.
  • SYSTAT. 1997. Systat 7.0 for windows: statistics. Chicago, IL, USA: SPSS.
  • Tanji A, Elgharous M. 1998. A survey of mineral composition of weed seeds. Weed Research 38: 7986.
  • Van Andel J, Vera F. 1977. Reproductive allocation in Senecio sylvaticus and Chamaenerionangustifolium in relation to mineral nutrition. Journal of Ecology 65: 747758.
  • Vaughton G, Ramsey M. 1998. Sources and consequences of seed mass variation in Banksia marginata (Proteaceae). Journal of Ecology 86: 563573.
  • Weiner J, Martinez S, Müller-Schüärer H, Stoll P, Schmid B. 1997. How important are environmental maternal effects in plants? A study with Centaurea maculosa. Journal of Ecology 85: 133142.
  • Weis IM. 1982. The effects of propagule size on germination and seedling growth in Mirabilis hirsuta. Canadian Journal of Botany 60: 18681874.
  • Winn AA, Werner PA. 1987. Regulation of seed yield within and among populations of Prunella vulgaris. Ecology 68: 12241233.
  • Wolfe LM. 1995. The genetics and ecology of seed size variation in a biennial plant, Hydrophyllum appendiculatum (Hydrophyllaceae). Oecologia 101: 343352.
  • Wulff RD. 1995. Environmental maternal effects on seed quality and germination. In: KigelJ, GaliliG, eds. Seed development and germination. New York, USA: Marcel-Dekker, 491505.
  • Wulff RD, Bazzaz FA. 1992. Effect of the parental nutrient regime on growth of the progeny in Abutilon theophrasti (Malvaceae). American Journal of Botany 79: 11021107.
  • Wulff RD, Cáceres A, Schmitt J. 1994. Seed and seedling responses to maternal and offspring environments in Plantago lanceolata. Functional Ecology 8: 763769.
  • Zar JH. 1996. Biostatistical analysis, 3rd edn. Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA: Prentice Hall.
  • Zhang J. 1993. Seed dimorphism in relation to germination and growth of Cakile edentula. Canadian Journal of Botany 71: 12311235.