SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Allen RM. 1969. Racial variation in physiological characteristics of shortleaf pine roots. Silvics Genetics 18: 4043.
  • Andrews JA, Harrison KG, Matamala R, Schlesinger WH. 1999. Separation of root respiration from total soil respiration using carbon-13 labeling during free-air carbon dioxide enrichment (FACE). Soil Science Society of America 63: 14291435.
  • Andrews JA, Schlesinger WH. 2001. Soil CO2 dynamics, acidification and chemical weathering in a temperate forest with experimental CO2 enrichment. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 15: 149162.
  • Barnard EL, Jorgensen JR. 1977. Respiration of fields-grown loblolly pine roots as influenced by temperature and root type. Canadian Journal of Botany 55: 740743.
  • BassiriRad H, Griffin KL, Reynolds JF, Strain BR. 1997. Changes in root NH+4 and NO3 absorption rates of loblolly and ponderosa pine in response to CO2 enrichment. Plant and Soil 190: 19.
  • BassiriRad H, Tissue DT, Reynolds JF, Chapin FS III. 1996. Response of Eriophorum vaginatum to CO2 enrichment at different soil temperatures: effects on growth, root respiration and PO43– uptake kinetics. New Phytologist 133: 423430.
  • Booker FL, Shafer SR, Wei C, Horton SJ. 2000. Carbon dioxide enrichment and nitrogen fertilization effects on cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) plant residue chemistry and decomposition. Plant and Soil 220: 8998.
  • Bouma TJ, Broeckhuysen AGM, Veen BW. 1996. Analysis of root respiration of Solanum tuberosum as related to growth, ion uptake and maintenance of biomass. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 34: 795806.
  • Bouma TJ, Bryla D, Li Y, Eissenstat DM. 2000. Is maintenance respiration in roots a constant? In: StokesA, ed. Developments in plant and soil sciences, vol. 87: the supporting roots of trees and woody plants: form, function and physiology. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 391396.
  • Bouma TJ, Nielsin KL, Eissenstat DM, Lynch JP. 1997a. Estimating respiration of roots in soil: Interactions with soil CO2, soil temperature and soil water content. Plant and Soil 195: 221232.
  • Bouma TJ, Nielsen KL, Eissenstat DM, Lynch JP. 1997b. Soil CO2 concentration does not affect growth or root respiration in bean or citrus. Plant, Cell & Environment 20: 14951505.
  • Boyer WD, Romancier RM, Ralston CW. 1971. Root respiration rates of four tree species grown in the field. Forest Science 17: 492493.
  • Burton AJ, Pregitzer KS, Zogg GP, Zak DR. 1996. Latitudinal variation in sugar maple fine root respiration. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 26: 17611768.
  • Burton AJ, Pregitzer KS, Zogg GP, Zak DR. 1998. Drought reduces root respiration in sugar maple forests. Ecological Applications 8: 771778.
  • Burton AJ, Pregitzer KS. 2002. Measurement carbon dioxide concentration does not affect root respiration of nine tree species in the field. Tree Physiology 22: 6772.
  • Burton AJ, Zogg GP, Pregitzer KS, Zak DR. 1997b. Effect of measurement CO2 concentration on sugar maple root respiration. Tree Physiology 17: 421427.
  • Callaway RM, DeLucia EH, Thomas EM, Schlesinger WH. 1994. Compensatory responses of CO2 exchange and biomass allocation and their effects on the relative growth rate of ponderosa pine in different CO2 and temperature regimes. Oecologia 98: 159166.
  • Carey EV, DeLucia EH, Ball JT. 1996. Stem maintenance and construction respiration in Pinus ponderosa grown in different concentrations of atmospheric CO2. Tree Physiology 16: 125130.
  • Carpenter JR, Mitchell CA. 1980. Root respiration characteristics of flood-tolerant and intolerant trees species. Journal of American Society of Horticultural Science 105: 684687.
  • Christensen NL, MacAller T. 1985. Soil mineral nitrogen transformations during succession in the Piedmont of North Carolina. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 17: 675681.
  • Clinton BD, Vose JM. 1999. Fine root respiration in mature eastern white pine (Pinus strobus) in situ: the importance of CO2 in controlled environments. Tree Physiology 19: 475479.
  • Conlin TSS, Lieffers VJ. 1993. Anaerobic and aerobic CO2 efflux rates from boreal forest conifer roots at low temperatures. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23: 767771.
  • Cotrufo MF, Ineson P, Scott A. 1998. Elevated CO2 reduces the nitrogen concentration of plant tissues. Global Change Biology 4: 4354.
  • Cox TL. 1975. Seasonal respiration rates of yellow-poplar roots by diameter classes. Forest Science 21: 185188.
  • Crookshanks M, Taylor G, Broadmeadow M. 1998. Elevated CO2 and tree root growth: contrasting responses in Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus petraea and Pinus sylvestris. New Phytologist 138: 241250.
  • Cropper WP, Gholz HL. 1991. In situ needle and fine root respiration in mature slash pine (Pinus elliottii) trees. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 21: 15891595.
  • Davidson EA, Savage K, Bolstad P, Clark DA, Curtis PS, Ellsworth DS, Hanson PJ, Law BE, Luo Y, Pregitzer KS, Randolph JC, Zak D. 2002. Belowground carbon allocation in forests estimated from litterfall and IRGA-based soil respiration measurements. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 113: 3951.
  • DeLucia EH, Hamilton JG, Naidu SL, Thomas RB, Andrews JA, Finzi A, Lavine M, Matamala R, Mohan JE, Hendrey GR, Schlesinger WH. 1999. Net primary production of a forest ecosystem with experimental CO2 enrichment. Science 284: 11771179.
  • Drew AP, Ledig FT. 1981. Seasonal patterns of CO2 exchange in the shoot and root of loblolly pine seedlings. Botany Gazette 142: 200205.
  • Edwards NT. 1991. Root and soil respiration responses to ozone in Pinus taeda L. seedlings. New Phytologist 118: 315321.
  • Eissenstat DM. 1992. Costs and benefits of constructing roots of small diameter. Journal of Plant Nutrition 15: 763782.
  • Fahey TJ, Hughes JW. 1994. Fine root dynamics in a northern hardwood forest ecosystem, Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, NH. Journal of Ecology 82: 533548.
  • Finzi AC, DeLucia EH, Hamilton JG, Richter DD, Schlesinger WH. 2002. The Nitrogen Budget of a pine forest under free air CO2 enrichment. Oecologia 132: 567578.
  • Griffin KL, Thomas RB, Strain BR. 1993. Effects of nitrogen supply and elevated carbon dioxide on construction cost in leaves of Pinus taeda (L.) seedlings. Oecologia 95: 575580.
  • Griffin KL, Winner WE, Strain BR. 1996. Construction cost of loblolly and ponderosa pine leaves grown with varying carbon and nitrogen availability. Plant, Cell & Environment 19: 729738.
  • Hamilton JG, DeLucia EH, George K, Naidu SL, Finzi AC, Schlesinger WH. 2002. Forest carbon balance under elevated CO2. Oecologia 131: 250260.
  • Hanson PJ, Edwards NT, Garten CT, Andrews JA. 2000. Separating root and soil microbial contributions to soil respiration: a review of methods and observations. Biogeochemistry 48: 115146.
  • Hartz-Rubin JS, DeLucia EH. 2001. Canopy development of a model herbaceous community exposed to elevated atmospheric CO2 and soil nutrients. Physiologia Plantarum 113: 258266.
  • Hendrey GR, Ellsworth DS, Lewin KF, Nagy J. 1999. A free-air enrichment system for exposing tall forest vegetation to elevated atmospheric CO2. Global Change Biology 5: 293309.
  • Janssens IA, Crookshanks M, Taylor G, Ceulemans R. 1998. Elevated atmospheric CO2 increases fine root production, respiration, rhizosphere respiration and soil CO2 efflux in Scots pine seedlings. Global Change Biology 4: 871878.
  • Johnson IR. 1983. Nitrate uptake and respiration in roots and shoots: a model. Physiologia Plantarum 58: 145147.
  • Johnson-Flanagan AM, Owens JN. 1986. Root respiration in white spruce (Picea glauca[Moench] Voss) seedlings in relation to morphology and environment. Plant Physiologia 81: 2125.
  • Kelting DL, Burger JA, Edwards GS. 1995. The effects of ozone on the root dynamics of seedlings and mature red oak (Quercus rubra L.). Forest Ecology and Management 79: 197206.
  • Lafond A. 1950. The rate of respiration of jack pine root tips as influenced by extracts from different types of humus. Soil Science Society Proceedings 15: 357359.
  • Lahde E. 1966. Studies on the respiration rate in the different parts of the root systems of pine and spruce seedlings and its variations during the growing season. Acta Forestalia Fennica 8: 524.
  • Lambers H, Szaniawski RK, De Visser R. 1983. Respiration for growth, maintenance and ion uptake. An evaluation of concepts, methods, values, and their significance. Physiologia Plantarum 58: 556563.
  • Maier CA, Kress LW. 2000. Soil CO2 evolution and root respiration in 11-year-old loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) plantations as affected by moister and nutrient availability. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 30: 347359.
  • Marshall JD, Perry DA. 1987. Basal and maintenance respiration of mycorrhizal and nonmycorrhizal root systems of conifers. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 17: 872877.
  • Mata C, Scheurwater I, Martins-Laucao MA, Lambers H. 1996. Root respiration, growth and nitrogen uptake of Quercus suber seedlings. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 34: 727734.
  • Matamala R, Schlesinger WH. 2000. Effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 on fine root production and activity in an intact temperate forest ecosystem. Global Change Biology 6: 967979.
  • McCreary DD, Zaerr JB. 1987. Root respiration has limited value for assessing Douglas-fir seedling quality. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 17: 11441147.
  • McDowell NG, Marshall JD, Qi J, Mattson K. 1999. Direct inhibition of maintenance respiration in western hemlock roots exposed to ambient soil carbon dioxide concentrations. Tree Physiology 19: 599605.
  • Nobel PS, Alm DM, Cavelier J. 1992. Growth respiration, maintenance respiration and structural-carbon costs for roots of three desert succulents. Functional Ecology 6: 7985.
  • Norby RJ, Hanson PJ, O'Neill EG, Tschaplinski TJ, Weltzin JF, Hansen RA, Cheng W, Wullschleger SD, Gunderson CA, Edwards NT, Johnson DW. 2002. Net primary productivity of a CO2-enriched deciduous forest and the implications for carbon storage. Ecological Applications 12: 12611266.
  • Norby RJ, O'Neill EG, Luxmoore RJ. 1986. Effects of atmospheric CO2 enrichment on the growth and mineral nutrition of Quercus alba seedlings in nutrient poor soil. Plant Physiology 82: 8389.
  • Norby RJ, Todd DE, Fults J, Johnson DW. 2001. Allometric determination of tree growth in a CO2-enriched sweetgum stand. New Phytologist 150: 477487.
  • Penning de Vries FWT, Brunsting AHM, Van Laar HH. 1974. Products requirements and efficiency of biosynthesis: a quantitative approach. Journal of Theoretical Biology 45: 339377.
  • Poorter H, Van Der Werf A, Atkin OK, Lambers H. 1991. Respiratory energy requirements of roots vary with the potential growth rate of a plant species. Physiologia Plantarum 83: 469475.
  • Pregitzer KS, Laskowski MJ, Burton AJ, Lessard VC, Zak DR. 1998. Variation in sugar maple root respiration with root diameter and soil depth. Tree Physiology 18: 665670.
  • Pregitzer KS, Zak DR, Curtis PS, Kubiske ME, Teeri JA, Vogel CS. 1995. Atmospheric CO2, soil nitrogen and turnover of fine roots. New Phytologist 129: 579585.
  • Rakonczay Z, Seiler JR, Kelting DL. 1997a. Carbon efflux rates of fine roots of three tree species decline shortly after excision. Environmental and Experimental Botany 38: 243249.
  • Rakonczay Z, Seiler JR, Samuelson LJ. 1997b. A method for the in situ measurements of fine root gas exchange of forest trees. Environmental and Experimental Botany 37: 107113.
  • Rouhier H, Billès G, Billès L, Bottner P. 1996. Carbon fluxes in the rhizosphere of sweet chestnut seedlings (Castanea sativa) grown under two atmospheric CO2 concentrations: 14C partitioning after pulse labeling. Plant and Soil 180: 101111.
  • Ryan MG. 1991. Effects of climate change on plant respiration. Ecological Applications 1: 157167.
  • Ryan MG, Hubbard RM, Pongracic S, Raison RJ, McMurtrie RE. 1996. Foliage, fine-root, woody-tissue and stand respiration in Pinus radiata in relation to nitrogen status. Tree Physiology 16: 333343.
  • Ryan MG, Lavigne MB, Gower ST. 1997. Annual carbon cost of autotrophic respiration in boreal forest ecosystems in relation to species and climate. Journal of Geophysical Research 102: 2887128883.
  • Sowell JB, Spomer GG. 1986. Ecotypic variation in root respiration rate among elevational populations of Abies lasiocarpa and Picea engelmannii. Oecologia 68: 375379.
  • Steinbeck K, McAlpine RG. 1966. Inter- and Intra-specific differences in the root respiration rates of four hardwood species. Forest Science 12: 473476.
  • Szaniawski RK, Adams MS. 1974. Root respiration of Tsuga canadensis seedlings as influenced by intensity of net photosynthesis and dark respiration of shoots. American Midland Naturalist 91: 464468.
  • Thierron V, Laudelout H. 1996. Contribution of root respiration to total CO2 efflux from the soil of a deciduous forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 2: 11421148.
  • Tjoelker MG, Oleksyn J, Reich PB. 1999. Acclimation of respiration to temperature and CO2 in seedlings of boreal tree species in relation to plant size and relative growth rate. Global Change Biology 5: 679691.
  • Tripepi RR, Mitchell CA. 1984. Stem hypoxia and root respiration of flooded maple and birch seedlings. Physiologia Plantarum 60: 567571.
  • Van der Werf A, Kooijman A, Welschen R, Lambers H. 1988. Respiratory energy costs for the maintenance of biomass for growth and for ion uptake in roots of Carex diandra and Carex acutiformis. Physiologia Plantarum 72: 483491.
  • Veen BW. 1980. Energy cost of ion transport. In: RainsDW, ValentineRC, HollaenderA, eds. Genetic engineering of osmoregulation. Impact on plant productivity for food, chemicals and energy. New York, USA: Plenum, 187195.
  • Veen BW. 1981. Relation between root respiration and root activity. Plant and Soil 63: 7376.
  • De Visser R, Lambers H. 1983. Growth and the efficiency of root respiration of Pisum sativum as dependent on the source of nitrogen. Physiologia Plantarum 58: 533543.
  • Vogt KA, Grier CC, Meier CE, Edmonds RL. 1982. Mycorrhizal role in net primary production and nutrient cycling in Abies amabilis ecosystems in Western Washington. Ecology 63: 370380.
  • Voigt GK. 1953. The effects of fungicides, insecticides, herbicides and fertilizer salts on the respiration of root tips of tree seedlings. Soil Science Society Proceedings 17: 150152.
  • Walters MB, Kruger EL, Reich PB. 1993. Relative growth rate in relation to physiological and morphological traits for northern hardwood tree seedlings: species, light environment and ontogenetic considerations. Oecologia 96: 219231.
  • Weger HG, Guy RD. 1991. Cytochrome and alternative pathway respiration in white spruce (Picea glauca) roots. Effects of growth and measurement temperature. Physiologia Plantarum 83: 675681.
  • Williams K, Percival F, Merino J, Mooney HA. 1987. Estimation of tissue construction cost from heat of combustion and organic nitrogen content. Plant, Cell & Environment 10: 725734.
  • Wullschleger SD, Norby RJ. 1992. Respiratory cost of leaf growth and maintenance in white oak saplings exposed to atmospheric CO2 enrichment. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 22: 17171721.
  • Wullschleger SD, Norby RJ, Gunderson CA. 1992. Growth and maintenance respiration in leaves of Liriodendron tulipifera L. exposed to long-term carbon dioxide enrichment in the field. New Phytologist 121: 515523.
  • Ziska LH, Bunce JA. 1994. Direct and indirect inhibition of single leaf respiration by elevated CO2 concentrations: interaction with temperature. Physiologia Plantarum 90: 130138.
  • Zogg GP, Zak DR, Burton AJ, Pregitzer KS. 1996. Fine root respiration in a northern hardwood forests in relation to temperature and nitrogen availability. Tree Physiology 16: 719725.